Mainstream jazz is a genre of jazz music that began with the playing styles of 1950s musicians like Buck Clayton, and the performers who came from the era of big band swing music who did not abandon swing for bebop, instead performing the music in smaller ensembles. The medium had a resurgence in the 1970s.
The term was coined by Stanley Dance in the 1950s. The precise definition is slippery, and other writers have used different definitions, such as a broader sense of soloistic jazz improvised on chord sequences, in the style of Louis Armstrong in the late 1920s, or including jazz-rock fusion.
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