|Birth name||Marcia Elaine Hines|
|Also known as||Shantee Renee
20 July 1953 |
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
|Genres||Pop, disco, R&B, jazz, gospel, funk|
|Occupation(s)||Singer, actress, TV personality|
|Labels||Wizard, Warner, Liberation, Universal|
|Associated acts||Daly-Wilson Big Band
Marcia Hines Band
Marcia Elaine Hines, AM (born 20 July 1953), is an American-Australian vocalist, actress and TV personality. Hines made her debut, at the age of 16, in the Australian production of the stage musical Hair and followed with the role of Mary Magdalene in Jesus Christ Superstar. She achieved her greatest commercial successes as a recording artist during the late 1970s with several hit singles, including cover versions of "Fire and Rain", "I Just Don't Know What to Do with Myself", "You" and "Something's Missing (In My Life)"; and her Top Ten albums Marcia Shines, Shining and Ladies and Gentlemen. Hines was voted "Queen of Pop" by TV Week's readers for three consecutive years from 1976.
Hines stopped recording in the early 1980s until she returned with Right Here and Now in 1994, the same year she became an Australian citizen. She was the subject of the 2001 biography Diva: the life of Marcia Hines which coincided with the release of the compilation album Diva. Since 2003 she has been a judge on Australian Idol, and her elevated profile led to a renewed interest in her as a performer. Her 2006 album, Discotheque, peaked at number 6 on the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) albums chart.
Hines is the mother of singer Deni Hines, with whom she performed on the duet single "Stomp!" (2006). Hines lives near Newcastle, New South Wales, with Christopher Morrissey, her husband since 2005. Her status in the Australian music industry was recognised when she was inducted into the ARIA Hall of Fame on 18 July 2007.
- 1 Life and career
- 2 Personal life
- 3 Discography
- 4 References
- 5 External links
Life and career
Early years: before 1970
Born Marcia Elaine Hines in Boston, Massachusetts, U. S. to Jamaican parents, Eugene and Esmeralda Hines. Eugene died when Hines was six months old due to an operation to remove shrapnel from a war wound. Former US Secretary of State Colin Powell is her cousin, as is the performer Grace Jones. She was raised with her older brother Dwight, by their mother and began singing as a nine-year-old in her church choir. By her teens she was performing with groups in her local area and briefly used the stage-name Shantee Renee. At 14, Hines won a scholarship to the New England Conservatory of Music but left after three months. A month after turning 16, Hines attended the Woodstock Festival.
1970–74: Hair & Jesus Christ Superstar
At the age of 16, Hines was "discovered" by Australian entrepreneur Harry M. Miller and director Jim Sharman who were visiting the U.S. to audition African-American singers in preparation for the new season of the Australian stage production of Hair, which had already premiered in Sydney on 6 June 1969. Because she was underage, Miller was made her legal guardian. When she made her debut in April 1970 Hines became the youngest person in the world to play a featured role in any production of Hair. It was produced by Miller and directed by Sharman. Fellow performers included Keith Glass, Sharon Redd, Reg Livermore, and John Waters. During the show's run Hines learned she was pregnant; her daughter, Deni Hines, was born in September 1970 and nine days later Hines returned to the stage to continue her role. The show was a major success. Hines was well received and an Australian tour followed. Miller and Sharman approached her to play Mary Magdalene in the Australian production of Jesus Christ Superstar and Hines assumed the role from Michele Fawdon in the summer of 1973 with Hines' tenure in the role until February 1974 making her a major star in Australia.  (Hines is widely reported to be the first black woman to portray Mary Magdalene in a production of Jesus Christ Superstar - in fact that distinction belongs to Emma Angeline Butler, a cast member of the Gaiety Theatre Dublin production which opened March 1973.)    Other cast members included Trevor White, Jon English, Doug Parkinson, Stevie Wright and John Paul Young.
1974–84: Queen of Pop and beyond
When Jesus Christ Superstar finished in February 1974, Hines joined the jazz orchestra Daly-Wilson Big Band, releasing the album Daly-Wilson Big Band featuring Marcia Hines in 1975. Hines' vocals were on the cover songs "Ain't No Mountain High Enough" and "Do You Know What It Means to Miss New Orleans?". Hines toured with Daly-Wilson Big Band from Australia to United States, supporting B. B. King and Wilson Pickett in Los Angeles, then to Europe and into Soviet Union for a month. During late 1974 Hines also performed as the backing vocalist on Jim Keays' solo concept album The Boy from the Stars.
A record contract with Robie Porter's Wizard Records in July 1974 led to Hines' first solo single, a cover version of James Taylor's "Fire And Rain", that peaked at number 17 on the Australian singles charts in May 1975. Five Top Ten singles were released between 1976 and 1979, including her cover versions of Artie Wayne's "From the Inside", Burt Bacharach/Hal David's "I Just Don't Know What to Do with Myself", "What I Did for Love" (from A Chorus Line) and Karen Carpenter's "Something's Missing (in My Life)".
Hines' biggest hit was with Tom Snow's "You", which reached number 2 in the singles charts in Australia in October 1977. It was an up-tempo dance song, later covered in the U.S. by Rita Coolidge. The song, however, nearly didn't make it to Marcia. Robie Porter had put the song into his "don't use" pile. Mark Kennedy, her backing band's drummer (ex-Spectrum, Doug Parkinson in Focus, Ayers Rock), saw the sheet music in the studio and began arguing the songs' worth to Porter. Porter subsequently changed his mind about the song.
Top Ten Australian album chart success also occurred in the 1970s with Marcia Shines peaking at number 4 in January 1976, Shining number 3 November 1976, Ladies and Gentlemen number 6 August 1977 and Marcia Hines Live Across Australia number 7 in March 1978. Her albums have sold close to a million copies and Hines was the first Australian female performer to attain a Platinum record.
Hines was voted "Queen of Pop", the country's most popular female performer, each year from 1976 to 1978, by the readers of TV Week. Hines was Australia's best-selling local act for 1977 and 1978, and she was the top concert attraction for 1976–1979 inclusive. Her success had been boosted by appearances on Australian Broadcasting Corporation's (ABC) popular TV music show Countdown. Her touring band, the Marcia Hines Band, included Kennedy, bass guitarist Jackie Orszaczky, lead guitarist Stephen Housden (later of Little River Band) and drummer/percussionist Peter Whitford. Hines was married to Kennedy during the late-1970s; he designed and made an elaborate and colourful stage costume for her. In 1978 and 1979, Hines also had her own TV series, Marcia Hines Music on the ABC.
By November 1979, Hines had fallen out with Wizard Records' owner Robie Porter, and moved on to the Midnight label under Warner Music Australia, after waiting out her contract she returned to recording to achieve a few more hits including the dance track version of Dusty Springfield's "Your Love Still Brings Me To My Knees", which reached Top Ten in 1981. A compilation Greatest Hits, released by Porter's Wizard Records, peaked at number 2 in January 1982. In April 1981, Hines' brother Dwight committed suicide, and Hines later recalled being given the news by her mother.
"So she called, so I knew something was very, very, very wrong. So the first thing I said is, 'What's wrong with Deni?' And she said, 'Deni's fine. Your brother's dead.' My mother was to the point, you know, I said, 'What do you mean he's dead?' and I started boo-hooing, and she said, 'Shut up.' She said, 'Look, I took that child through measles, mumps and chicken pox. I gave birth to that child. That's my son, don't cry. Go home and bury him.' And I did just that."— Marcia Hines, 16 November 2007
Hines combined with fellow Jesus Christ Superstar artist, Jon English to release a duet single "Jokers & Queens" and an associated six track mini-album Jokers and Queens in July 1982. The album reached #36 and the single peaked at number 62 on their respective charts. Her next album Love Sides and its singles "Love Side" and "Shadow in the Night" did not chart. Hines returned to theatre for a Jesus Christ Superstar revival in late 1983, and then decided to devote more time to raising her daughter. During this time she suffered with health and relationship problems.
Theatre projects for Hines, from 1984, included Big River, Are You Lonesome Tonight? and Jerry's Girls. In 1986 a fall in her kitchen resulted in the diagnosis of her diabetes, which was treated by daily injections of insulin, careful monitoring of her diet and a commitment to fitness. Hines performed the closing act of the 1990 Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras. It was a turning-point for her and she later described the crowd ovation her most pleasing audience reception ever. Hines decided she would return to singing, while her daughter Deni was achieving her own successes initially singing with Rockmelons for their top five hits "Ain't No Sunshine" and "That Word (L.O.V.E.)" and then solo for her top five "It's Alright". Hines returned to the stage with a performance in The Masters of Rhythm and Taste in 1993.
1994–2002: Recording again
In March 1994, Hines toured nationally for the first time in seven years. She signed a new contract with Warner Music Australia to release Right Here and Now in October, which peaked at number 21; its singles "Rain (Let the Children Play)" peaked at number 47 and "Give it All You've Got" had less success. Her career gradually revived with concert and TV appearances. By 1998, Hines enlisted Rockmelons' members Bryon Jones and Ray Medhurst as producers for Time of Our Lives which charted from August 1999, and peaked at number 17. The singles "Flashdance, What A Feeling" (originally recorded by Irene Cara) and "Time of Our Lives" were released with the latter peaking at #31. Hines recorded "Rise", an official song for the Australian team at the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games. In September 2001, music producer and writer, Karen Dewey wrote Hines' fully authorised biography Diva: the life of Marcia Hines and Hines released a companion compilation CD, Diva, in October.
2003–10: Australian Idol and more
In May 2003, Hines endured the illness and death of her mother Esme; she returned to the public eye with her role as a judge on the television show Australian Idol from 27 July 2003. She has been described as "the nice judge" and has been accused of being a "fence-sitter" – unable to provide criticism of any kind. Hines counters such criticism with: "Well, you know, I’m living it, if you get my drift, so the advice I give the kids is the advice I’m living." The success of the program has led to further interest in her as a recording artist and in 2004 she released an album of cover versions, titled Hinesight – Songs from the Journey which featured a duet, with former Home and Away star Belinda Emmett, "Shower the People". In 2005 Hines released a remixed version of her earlier hit "You", followed in 2006 by Discotheque an album containing her versions of disco classics, which peaked at number 6. Hines made a cameo appearance on Neighbours in early 2007; on 18 July she was inducted into the ARIA Hall of Fame. In November 2007, Hines released a new album, Life and during December she toured in support of Lionel Richie. From 31 August 2008 the sixth season of Australian Idol was broadcast with Hines continuing as a judge and is the only judge to appear in every season of Australian Idol.
2010-present: continued success
In October 2010, Hines released Marcia Sings Tapestry, a tribute to Carole King's 1971 album Tapestry_(album). It peaked at number 16. In April 2014, Hines released her first album of original material in two decades, called Amazing. It spawned three singles and peaked at #27 in Australia. In 2015 Hines starred on stage in the disco musical Velvet, with performances at the Adelaide Fringe, Brisbane and Edinburgh. "Velvet" is scheduled to play at the Sydney Opera House commencing in late 2015.
Hines has a daughter, Deni Hines, who was born in Australia in September 1970. Hines had been performing in Hair and was 17 years old. In an interview, Deni stated that her father "had Somalian and Ethiopian in him." Hines has been married four times: to Mark Kennedy (c. 1978) a drummer in the Marcia Hines Band, who also designed her stage costumes, and to Mr. Bayni; Since 28 April 2005, she has been married to Christopher Morrissey, a medical practitioner and brother of fashion designer Peter Morrissey.
Hines grew up with asthma, missing months of schooling as a result of life-threatening attacks, and was diagnosed with diabetes after collapsing at her home in 1986. Her elder brother Dwight's death by suicide, in April 1981, devastated Hines, but her mother Esmeralda (Esme) helped her through their grief. Esme relocated to Australia to live with Hines and Deni in the 1980s, and died in May 2003.
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