Marla, South Australia

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Marla
South Australia
Marla is located in South Australia
Marla
Marla
Coordinates 27°18′04″S 133°37′16″E / 27.301187°S 133.621181°E / -27.301187; 133.621181Coordinates: 27°18′04″S 133°37′16″E / 27.301187°S 133.621181°E / -27.301187; 133.621181[1]
Population 100 (2016 census)[2]
Established 21 May 1981 (town)
8 February 2001 (locality)[3][4]
Postcode(s) 5724[5]
Elevation 328 m (1,076 ft)(airport)[6]
Time zone ACST (UTC+9:30)
 • Summer (DST) ACST (UTC+10:30)
Location
LGA(s) Pastoral Unincorporated Area
Region Far North[1]
State electorate(s) Giles[7]
Federal Division(s) Grey[8]
Mean max temp[9] Mean min temp[9] Annual rainfall[9]
28.7 °C
84 °F
13.6 °C
56 °F
234.4 mm
9.2 in
Localities around Marla:
Welbourn Hill Welbourn Hill Welbourn Hill
Welbourn Hill Marla Welbourn Hill
Welbourn Hill Welbourn Hill Welbourn Hill
Footnotes Locations[5]
Adjoining localities[1]

Marla is a town and locality in the Australian state of South Australia located in the state's north-west about 1,100 kilometres (680 mi) north-west of the state capital of Adelaide and about 402 kilometres (250 mi) south of the town of Alice Springs in the Northern Territory.[5][1]

It was constituted as a government town under the Crown Lands Act 1929-1980 on 21 May 1981 and was gazetted as a locality under the Geographical Names Act 1991 on 8 February 2001 with the assigned boundaries being similar to that of the government town.[1][3][4] The name is derived from the Marla Bore which is located to west of Marla and whose name is reported as being ultimately "a corruption of the Aboriginal marlu - ‘a kangaroo’".[10][11]

Geoffrey H. Manning, the South Australian historian, reports that the town was proclaimed as a place for "the provision of essential services to travellers crossing the continent" and to act as an administrative centre for the north-west part of the state including the Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara lands and the Mintabie Opal Field to the town's west.[11][12]

The Stuart Highway passes through the south-west side of Marla while the alignment of the Adelaide-Darwin railway is located outside of its boundaries on the south-west side of the highway. While a site is designated as a railway station with the name Marla Siding on the south side of the railway, it is not a scheduled stop for rail services such as The Ghan as of 2018 for Marla and adjoining localities.[13][14]

The town includes a health centre operated on behalf of the state government by the Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia, a regional police station and a privately-owned complex called the Marla Travellers Rest which consists of "roadhouse, hotel/motel, restaurant, service station (and) supermarket".[15][16][17]

At the 2016 census, Marla had a population of 100.[2]

Marla Airport (also known as Marla Aerodrome) is located about 1.8 nautical miles (3.3 km) to the south of the town in the adjoining locality of Welbourn Hill.[6][18]

Marla is located within the federal division of Grey, the state electoral district of Giles and the Pastoral Unincorporated Area of South Australia.[8][7][1] As of 2018, the community within Marla received municipal services from a South Australian government agency, the Outback Communities Authority.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Search results for 'Marla, LOCB' with the following datasets selected - 'Suburbs and Localities', 'Government Towns', 'SA Government Regions', 'Local Government Areas' and 'Gazetteer'". Location SA Map Viewer. South Australian government. Retrieved 16 February 2018. 
  2. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Marla (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 28 January 2018.  Edit this at Wikidata
  3. ^ a b "CROWN LANDS ACT , 1929-1980: OUT OF HUNDREDS (WINTINNA) TOWN OF MARLA CONSTITUTED" (PDF). The South Australian Government Gazette. South Australian government. 21 May 1981. p. 1498. Retrieved 16 February 2018. 
  4. ^ a b "GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES ACT 1991 Notice to Assign Names and Boundaries to Places" (PDF). The South Australian Government Gazette. South Australian government. 8 February 2001. p. 516. Retrieved 16 February 2018. 
  5. ^ a b c "Postcode for Marla, South Australia". Postcodes Australia. postcodes-australia.com. Retrieved 16 February 2018. 
  6. ^ a b "MARLA (airport)" (PDF). Air Services Australia. Retrieved 17 February 2018. 
  7. ^ a b "District of Giles Background Profile". Electoral Commission SA. Retrieved 12 February 2018. 
  8. ^ a b "Federal electoral division of Grey" (PDF). Australian Electoral Commission. Retrieved 12 February 2018. 
  9. ^ a b c "Monthly climate statistics: Summary statistics MARLA POLICE STATION". Commonwealth of Australia , Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 16 February 2018. 
  10. ^ "Search results for 'Marla Bore' with the following datasets selected - 'Suburbs and Localities' and 'Gazetteer'". Location SA Map Viewer. South Australian government. Retrieved 16 February 2018. 
  11. ^ a b Manning, Geoffrey H. (2012). "Search result for 'Marla'" (PDF). A Compendium of the Place Names of South Australia From Aaron Creek to Zion Hill With 54 Complementary Appendices Researched and written by Geoffrey H. Manning. Geoffrey H. Manning. Retrieved 16 February 2018. 
  12. ^ a b "Marla". Outback Communities Authority. Retrieved 16 February 2018. 
  13. ^ "Search results for 'Marla Siding, RSTA' with the following datasets selected - 'Suburbs and Localities', 'Gazetteer', 'Roads' and 'Railways'". Location SA Map Viewer. South Australian government. Retrieved 16 February 2018. 
  14. ^ "The Ghan". Great Southern Rail. Retrieved 16 February 2018. 
  15. ^ "SECURE FUTURE FOR FAR NORTH HEALTH" (PDF). South Australian government. Retrieved 17 February 2018. 
  16. ^ "Find your local police station". South Australia Police. Retrieved 17 February 2018. select 'LISTING' tab to view address et al 
  17. ^ "Marla Travellers' Rest". Northern Interests. Retrieved 17 February 2018. 
  18. ^ "Search results for 'Marla Aerodrome, AF' with the following datasets selected - 'Suburbs and Localities' and 'Gazetteer'". Location SA Map Viewer. South Australian government. Retrieved 17 February 2018. 
Preceding station   Great Southern Rail   Following station
towards Darwin
The Ghan
towards Adelaide