Marlborough, New Hampshire
|Marlborough, New Hampshire|
Main Street in 1910
|Motto: "Small Town - Big Heart"|
Location in Cheshire County, New Hampshire
|• Board of Selectmen||Beverly Harris, Chair
|• Total||20.6 sq mi (53.5 km2)|
|• Land||20.4 sq mi (52.9 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2) 1.16%|
|Elevation||705 ft (215 m)|
|• Density||100/sq mi (39/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||Eastern (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0873659|
The primary settlement in town, where 1,094 people resided at the 2010 census, is defined as the Marlborough census-designated place (CDP) and is located at the junction of New Hampshire routes 101 and 124.
First granted as Monadnock No. 5 in 1752 by Governor Benning Wentworth, this was one of the fort towns originally known only by a number. Lots were drawn in 1762 and first settled two years later. The town was at one time called "Oxford", then "New Marlborough", but was incorporated in 1776 as Marlborough. Many of the settlers were from Marlborough, Massachusetts, which had been named for John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough, in the late 17th century. Land was set off in 1815 to create the town of Troy.
There was once an important granite industry here. Stone from Marlborough quarries was used in buildings in Boston, at the College of the Holy Cross in Worcester, Massachusetts, and locally in the Frost Free Library. Blankets and wooden-ware, including toys, have been manufactured in Marlborough as well.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 20.6 square miles (53.4 km2), of which 20.4 sq mi (52.8 km2) is land and 0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2) is water, comprising 1.16% of the town. Marlborough is drained by Minnewawa Brook. The town's highest point is near its southeast corner, on the side of Bigelow Hill, where the elevation reaches 1,516 feet (462 m) above sea level.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,063 people, 866 households, and 565 families residing in the town. There were 946 housing units, of which 80, or 8.5%, were vacant. The racial makeup of the town was 97.0% white, 0.4% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.2% some other race, and 1.4% from two or more races. 1.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
Of the 866 households, 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.3% were headed by married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 24.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.6% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38, and the average family size was 2.79.
In the town, 19.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.9% were from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 31.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.9 years. For every 100 females there were 95.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.2 males.
For the period 2011-2015, the estimated median annual income for a household was $54,491, and the median income for a family was $64,844. Male full-time workers had a median income of $50,069 versus $37,667 for females. The per capita income for the town was $30,219. 8.5% of the population and 7.3% of families were below the poverty line. 24.2% of the population under the age of 18 and 2.1% of those 65 or older were living in poverty.
Sites of interest
- Paul Leicester Ford, novelist and biographer
- Rufus S. Frost, US congressman
- Fred Tenney, pro baseball player
- United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
- Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 572–573.
- History of Marlborough, Cheshire County, New Hampshire
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (DP-1): Marlborough town, Cheshire County, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
- "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Marlborough town, Cheshire County, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
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