Marmite (New Zealand)
A jar of Marmite
|Manufacturer||Marmite Food Extract Company|
Marmite (// MAR-myte) is a food spread produced in New Zealand by Sanitarium Health and Wellbeing Company and distributed in Australia and the Pacific. Marmite is made from yeast extract, a by-product of beer brewing. It is similar to the British Marmite, but the two products are made by different companies.
Marmite has been manufactured in New Zealand since 1919. This is the only product sold as Marmite in Australasia and the Pacific, whereas elsewhere in the world the British version predominates.
In the late 19th century German scientist Justus von Liebig discovered that brewer's yeast could be concentrated, bottled, and eaten. In 1902 the Marmite Food Extract Company was formed in Burton upon Trent, Staffordshire, England with Marmite as its main product and Burton as the site of the first factory.
The product's popularity prompted the Sanitarium Health Food Company to obtain sole rights to distribute the product in New Zealand and Australia in 1908. They later began manufacturing Marmite under licence in Christchurch, albeit using a modified version of the original recipe, most notable for its inclusion of sugar and caramel. Common ingredients are also slightly different quantities from the British version; the New Zealand version has high levels of potassium, for example. New Zealand Marmite is described as having a "weaker" or "less tangy" flavour than the British version. It is distributed throughout Australia, New Zealand and the Pacific Islands.
Sanitarium recommends spreading Marmite on bread with potato chips added to make a "Marmite and Chippie" sandwich. In Singapore and Malaysia, Marmite is popularly added to plain rice congee to give it a strong, salty flavour. In Malaysia, Marmite has been used for cooking with chicken, prawns or crab.
Marmite is rich in B vitamins including thiamin (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), folic acid (B9) and vitamin B12. The sodium content of the spread is high and has caused concern, although it is the amount per serving rather than the percentage in bulk Marmite that is relevant. The main ingredient of Marmite is yeast extract, which contains a high concentration of glutamic acid.
|per 100 g||per 5 g serving|
|Energy||680 kJ||34 kJ|
|Calories||163 kcal||8 kcal|
|Protein||16.2 g||0.8 g|
|Carbohydrates||16.6 g||0.8 g|
|sugars||11.8 g||0.6 g|
|Fat||0.9 g||0.1 g|
|Fibre||11.5 g||0.58 g|
|Sodium||3.4 g||0.17 g|
|Potassium||1.95 g||0.098 g|
|Thiamin||11.0 mg||0.55 mg||50%|
|Riboflavin||8.4 mg||0.4 mg||25%|
|Niacin||50.0 mg||2.5 mg||25%|
|Folate||2000 µg||100 µg||50%|
|Vitamin B12||10.0 µg||0.5 µg||25%|
|Iron||36.0 mg||1.8 mg||15%|
|RDI = Recommended Daily Intake|
As Unilever has the exclusive right to the Marmite name in the United Kingdom, and Sanitarium has the exclusive right to the name in Australia and New Zealand, their respective versions of Marmite must be sold under a different name in the other countries. Unilever International sells the British Marmite as Our Mate in Australia and New Zealand, while Sanitarium sells the New Zealand Marmite as "NZ-Mite" in the UK.
2012–13 "Marmageddon" shortage
In November 2011, Sanitarium shut down the sole production line of New Zealand Marmite at its Christchurch factory after a cooling tower at the factory was deemed unsafe, having cracked in the 22 February 2011 Christchurch earthquake and its aftershocks. On 19 March 2012, the company announced that its own stocks of Marmite had run out and the production line was not expected to be running again until July. Some supermarkets reported at the time they had already run out of stock, and there was only a few weeks of stock left in their distribution centres, leading to the dubbing of Marmite as "black gold" and the crisis as "Marmageddon".
Immediately after the announcement, there was reported panic buying of Marmite from supermarkets, and over one hundred auctions for jars of Marmite, new and used, were listed on online auction site TradeMe, with some sellers asking for up to NZ$800 per jar; over 185 times its usual retail price of around $4.25 per 250g jar People were advised to use the spread sparingly, with even Prime Minister John Key admitting he might have to switch to Australian rival Vegemite once his personal supplies had run out. Throughout the shortage Marmite ran a number of marketing campaigns on social media which led to a 2,975% increase in fans and a lot of brand exposure.
In June 2012, it was announced that additional structural damage had been uncovered at the factory, and the proposed July return to production was rescheduled to October. Problems with an unfinished lift at the factory delayed production into 2013.
Sanitarium announced in February 2013 that production had restarted and the factory was in the process of building up stock ready for the return. Marmite returned to New Zealand retailers effective midnight on 20 March 2013, although only the 250g jar size was initially available and many supermarkets imposed a limit of two jars per customer per day to promote fairness and prevent bulk buying. Supply to overseas retailers resumed after the New Zealand supply and demand settled.
- "Marmite: Ten things you'll love/hate to know". BBC News. 25 May 2011.
- "A brief history of Marmite". ihatemarmite.com. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
- "Marmite Food Extract Co". Grace's Guide. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
- "Sanitarium: Marmite FAQs". marmite.co.nz. Archived from the original on 29 August 2006..
- "The Marmite FAQ". ilovemarmite.com. Retrieved 30 September 2009.
- "Bite Me". Marmite.co.nz. Archived from the original on 29 August 2006. Retrieved 29 November 2008.
- "Marmite". Sanitarium.co.nz. Retrieved 5 July 2011.
- "Get the Mo-stie out of Movember". Stuff.co.nz. Fairfax NZ. 11 November 2008. Retrieved 29 January 2012.
- "Marmite bucket sells for $2115". Stuff.co.nz. Fairfax Media. 30 March 2012. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- Kirk, Stacey (19 March 2012). "NZ's Marmite stock running out". Stuff.co.nz. Fairfax Media. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
- Manhire, Toby (19 March 2012). "Marmite shortage leaves New Zealanders spreading themselves thin". The Guardian. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
- "Marmite panic-buying empties shelves". Television New Zealand. 19 March 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
- "Rush of Marmite auctions as shortage looms". Television New Zealand. 19 March 2012. Retrieved 19 March 2012.
- Kirk, Stacey; Levy, Dayna (20 March 2012). "Scarce Marmite on Trade Me for $800". The Press. Retrieved 20 March 2012.
- "'Marmageddon': There's always Vegemite, says PM". The New Zealand Herald. 20 March 2012. Retrieved 21 March 2012.
- "How Marmite Grew Their Facebook Page By 2,975%". ROI Marketing. 4 November 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2013.
- Donnell, Hayden (19 June 2012). "Don't freak – it's not over: Marmageddon extension". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 12 July 2012.
- Turner, Anna (13 December 2012). "Paperwork delays Marmite factory reopening". The Press. Retrieved 9 January 2013.
- "A tour of Marmite's new factory". 3 News NZ. 6 March 2013. Archived from the original on 6 July 2013.
- "Marmite Set To Return". Sanitarium.com.au. 2 September 2013. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
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