Martin Frost

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Martin Frost
MartinFrost.jpg
Martin Frost
Chairman of the House Democratic Caucus
In office
January 3, 1999 – January 3, 2003
Leader Dick Gephardt
Preceded by Vic Fazio
Succeeded by Bob Menendez
Chairman of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee
In office
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 1999
Leader Dick Gephardt
Preceded by Vic Fazio
Succeeded by Patrick J. Kennedy
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 24th district
In office
January 3, 1979 – January 3, 2005
Preceded by Dale Milford
Succeeded by Kenny Marchant
Personal details
Born Jonas Martin Frost III
(1942-01-01) January 1, 1942 (age 76)
Glendale, California
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Jo Ellen Frost
Occupation Political commentator
President, FMC - Association of Former Members of Congress

Jonas Martin Frost III (born January 1, 1942) is an American politician, who was the Democratic representative to the U.S. House of Representatives for Texas's 24th congressional district from 1979 to 2005.

Personal life[edit]

Frost was born to a Jewish family in Glendale, California, the son of Doris (nee Marwil) and Jack Frost.[1] He has one sister, Carol Frost Wagner, and one brother, Richard Wagner.[1] His grandfather, Joe Frost, was co-founder of Frost Brothers Department Store.[1] In 1949, his family moved to Fort Worth, Texas where his father took a job with Convair Aircraft.[1] In 1964, he graduated from the University of Missouri with a bachelor of journalism and a bachelor of arts in history. As a student, Frost was editor of The Maneater, was a member of Zeta Beta Tau, and was tapped by Omicron Delta Kappa and QEBH.[2]

After graduating, Frost worked as a newspaper reporter, including positions at The News Journal of Wilmington, Delaware. He received his Juris Doctor degree from the Georgetown University Law Center in 1970. Following his graduation he worked as a law clerk for Federal Judge Sarah T. Hughes of the Northern District of Texas, after which he practiced law in the Dallas-Fort Worth area. In addition, Frost was a legal commentator on KERA-TV.

Frost served in the United States Army Reserve from 1966 to 1972.

Political career[edit]

Frost ran unsuccessfully for a seat in the House in 1974. He tried again successfully in 1978, becoming the first Jewish U.S. congressman from Texas. Frost was reelected 12 times without serious opposition. In 1980, he defeated an African American Republican opponent, Clay Smothers.[3]

On October 10, 2002, Martin Frost was among the 81 House Democrats who voted in favor of authorizing the invasion of Iraq.[4]

He served two terms as the chairman of the House Democratic Caucus from 1999 to 2003, the number three post in the Democrats' House leadership after the minority leader and minority whip. As Democratic Caucus Chair, Frost was often at odds with another prominent Dallas-area Congressman, Dick Armey, who was the Republican House Majority Leader.[5]

Due to term limits as Democratic Caucus Chair, Frost made a bid for Minority Leader after Dick Gephardt resigned in the wake of losing four seats in the 2002 Congressional midterm elections, but Frost dropped out of the race and supported eventual winner Nancy Pelosi. Frost is generally considered a centrist while Pelosi is liberal.

Frost was the ranking member of the House Rules Committee during his last term in the House.[6]

Due to his strong fundraising ability for fellow Democrats,[7] and the fact that he led the 1991 redistricting in Texas, he was one of the targets of a controversial mid-decade redistricting engineered by then-House Majority Leader Tom DeLay.[8] His district, which included portions of Dallas, Fort Worth and Arlington, was redrawn to be much more Republican. Its portions of Fort Worth and Arlington were replaced with wealthier and more Republican territory around Dallas. While Al Gore won the old 24th fairly handily in 2000, the new 24th would have given George W. Bush a staggering 68 percent of the vote in that election. It was an open secret that the new 24th was redrawn for State Representative Kenny Marchant. Moreover, Frost's home in Arlington was shifted into the heavily Republican 6th District, represented by 10-term incumbent Joe Barton. Frost decided to seek re-election in the newly redrawn 32nd District, which included a considerable amount of territory that he had represented from 1979 until 1993. He lost by 10 points to Republican Pete Sessions. Since Ralph Hall's party switch earlier in 2004, Frost had been the only white Democrat to represent a significant portion of the Metroplex.

Retirement[edit]

In 2005, Frost was a candidate for chairman of the Democratic National Committee. He dropped out of the race on February 1.[9] On February 15, Frost was hired by Fox News as a political commentator.

Frost is now[when?] an attorney at Polsinelli [10] and president of America Votes.[11]

In a July 2011 op-ed regarding the debt ceiling crisis, Frost wrote, "We now have a group of U.S. politicians seeking political purity, who seem to have much in common with the Taliban. They are tea party members."[12]

With Tom Davis (Thomas Millburn Davis III) and Richard E. Cohen, Frost wrote the book The Partisan Divide in 2014 (Campbell, CA: Premiere Publishing). https://www.amazon.com/PARTISAN-DIVIDE-Congress-Crisis/dp/1619331284#reader_1619331284

Personal[edit]

In 1976, Frost married Valerie H. Hall in Dallas. They divorced in 1998. Later that year he married Kathryn Frost, a major general in the United States Army. She died in 2006, and in 2008, Frost married Jo Ellen Ronson.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d San Antonio Express-News: "Doris Marwil Frost Obituary (August 3, 1918 - May 22, 2005)" May 24, 2005
  2. ^ The Savitar, University of Missouri Yearbook (1964), p. 387, caption to image of Martin Frost. Retrieved from University of Missouri Digital Library 8 December 2011.
  3. ^ Arena Profile: Martin Frost, Politico 
  4. ^ Martin Frost on War & Peace, OnTheIssues.org 
  5. ^ The Honorable Martin Frost, Worldwide Speakers Group, archived from the original on 2012-10-25 
  6. ^ Martin Frost, Polsinelli Shughart PC, archived from the original on 2012-01-24 
  7. ^ Barack Obama's fundraising unrivaled, says Martin Frost, Politico 
  8. ^ DeLay Trial To Look At 2003 Texas Redistricting 
  9. ^ "Frost drops out of race for Democratic Party chairman". Retrieved November 13, 2016. 
  10. ^ Attorney Bio Archived 2012-01-24 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ Cillizza, Chris; Murray, Shailagh (June 3, 2007). "Former Congressman to Head Efforts to Bring Liberals to the Polls". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 12, 2010. 
  12. ^ Frost, Martin (29 July 2011). "The tea party Taliban". Politico. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Dale Milford
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 24th congressional district

1979–2005
Succeeded by
Kenny Marchant
Party political offices
Preceded by
Vic Fazio
California
Chairman of Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee
1995–1999
Succeeded by
Patrick Kennedy
Rhode Island
Chairman of House Democratic Caucus
1999–2003
Succeeded by
Bob Menendez
New Jersey