Zeta Beta Tau
|Zeta Beta Tau|
|Founded||December 29, 1898
City College of New York
New York, New York
|Motto||"Brotherhood For A Lifetime"|
|Flower||Gold Carnation (adopted 2004)|
|Fraternity Song||"Here's to Our Fraternity"|
|Headquarters||3905 Vincennes Rd.
Indianapolis, Indiana, USA
Zeta Beta Tau (ΖΒΤ) is a Greek letter social fraternity. ZBT was founded on December 29, 1898, as the first Jewish Zionist Fraternity. According to changes in policy enacted in its century of history, Zeta Beta Tau has moved away from its exclusively Jewish membership and Zionist mission of its founding. In 1954 Zeta Beta Tau was the last of the Jewish fraternities to open their doors to non-Jewish members, changing their membership policy to include "All Men of Good Character" in order to comply with anti-segregation laws of the time period.
Four other fraternities have merged with Zeta Beta Tau in the past: Phi Alpha, Kappa Nu, Phi Sigma Delta, and Phi Epsilon Pi.
The Zeta Beta Tau fraternity was spearheaded unto his death by Dr. Richard J. H. Gottheil, a professor of languages at Columbia University and a Zionist. On December 29, 1898, he formed a Zionist youth society with a group of students from several New York City universities.Fifteen young men—among them Herman Abramowitz, Aaron Levy, Bernhard Bloch, David Liknaitz, Isidore Delson, Louis S Posner, Aaron Drucker, Bernhard Saxe, Bernard Ehrenreich, Herman Sheffield, Menachem Eichler, David Swick, Aaron Eiseman, Maurice Zellermayer, and David Levine—gathered at the Jewish Theological Seminary on this date to found the organization.
The society was called Z.B.T., which referred to the first letters in the Hebrew phrase "Zion Be-mishpat Tipadeh", which translated means "Zion shall be redeemed with judgment".Template:The Jewish Origins of Cultural Pluralism by Daniel Green This is taken from Isaiah 1:27—Zion be-mishpat tipadeh ve-shaveha be-tzedakah--"Zion shall be redeemed with judgment, and they that return of her, with righteousness". The word "judgment" is sometimes translated as "justice". The meaning of Z.B.T. was listed in the American Jewish Committee's annual report as early as 1900-1901.
In 1903 Z.B.T. formally became Zeta Beta Tau, and its purpose shifted away from that of a Zionist youth organization as other Zionist organizations grew in prominence. The original Hebrew meaning of Z.B.T. is not esoteric. However, it was publicly revealed in the official written history of Zeta Beta Tau, Here's to Our Fraternity: One Hundred Years of Zeta Beta Tau, 1898–1998, by Marianne Rachel Sanua.
Zeta Beta Tau expanded rapidly. By 1909, it had established 13 chapters in the Northeast and a 14th at Tulane University in New Orleans. In 1913, it established its first Canadian chapter at McGill University in Montreal, and in the same year of November 29 Zeta Beta Tau as first represented at the National Interfraternity Conference. Five years later, it founded its first West Coast chapter at the University of Southern California in Los Angeles. At the 1954 National Convention, the delegates amended Zeta Beta Tau's constitution, ritual and internal procedures both in theory and in practice to eliminate sectarianism as a qualification for membership.
On April 2, 1917, President Woodrow Wilson asked Congress for a declaration of war, and the United States entered WWI. At the time of the declaration of the war, ZBT had twenty-one chapters and three graduate clubs. Fraternity rituals in general were afterwards Colleges were taken over by the army through the organization of the Student Army Training Corps, and the leadership of the Fraternity moved to the hands of Samuel Stark. Several Brothers lost their lives in the war, like Brother Alwyn Gordon Levy. At the end of the war, at December 1919 convention, Professor Gottheil was elected for the ninth time as Supreme Nasi, with Harold Riegelman as the new Supreme Vice Nasi.
The Zeta Beta Tau has merged with four other national Jewish fraternities. In 1959, Phi Alpha merged into Phi Sigma Delta. In 1961 Kappa Nu merged into Phi Epsilon Pi. In 1969–70, Phi Sigma Delta and Phi Epsilon Pi merged into Zeta Beta Tau.
Today, the merged Zeta Beta Tau fraternity lists 140,000 members, with chapters and colonies at over 90 campus locations.
Zeta Beta Tau abolished the institution of pledging in 1989 as a way to combat and eliminate hazing, and replace the pledging process with one in which new members are accepted as brothers upon receiving a bid to the fraternity. Zeta Beta Tau's decision to get rid of pledging did not involve an associate membership process however. Once a brother joins the fraternity he will receive all rights and responsibilities as the rest of the chapter, and shall be eligible for any position within the chapter regardless of how long he has been a brother. This decision was made in response to the Age of Liability, in which extensive research on hazing shed light on how the culture of subservient pledging led to a number of deaths nationwide. Sigma Phi Epsilon would soon follow with a somewhat similar plan in 1991.
Semi-annual brotherhood review vote
In conjunction with the 1989 abolition of pledging, ΖΒΤ National instituted the S.B.R.V. (Semi-Annual Brotherhood Review Vote). All ΖΒΤ chapters twice a year (once a semester) have a vote to see who, if anyone, should be removed from membership within a chapter. The ballots are counted by the president and an executive member of his choice. The criteria for voting during the SBRV are the Chapter Standards, which all chapters must make known to their membership. If a brother receives a simple majority of Nay votes, he is expelled from the fraternity.
The Journey Brotherhood Program
Twenty years after ΖΒΤ eliminated pledging, the Supreme Council, based on feedback from undergraduates and alumni, voted to continue the evolution and development of what was initially called the Membership Development Program, then became the Brotherhood Program. The newest evolution is called the Journey. The Journey implements a number of significant changes. The Journey adds the position of Provost, in addition to the Brotherhood Development Director (BDD). In the past, the BDD was responsible for all education in the chapter. Now, the Provost teaches members about the history, values, and traditions of organization. The BDD oversees the Provost, and still is responsible for overall program.
Through the first six weeks of the Journey, newly initiated ΖΒΤ men learn the history of the fraternity, delve into the credo, mission statement, and ritual, the skills needed to succeed in college, and how to make wise life decisions. Upon initiation, all ΖΒΤ brothers are given full rights and privileges, within days of accepting their bids. This is true for all versions of the Journey.
The Journey then continues to develop brothers for the next four years, offering education on building a better brotherhood and strong leadership skills. The Journey also offers a leadership track.
Zeta Beta Tau currently recognizes 90 chapters and colonies in the United States. The state with the most chapters is New York. Currently, the oldest active chapter is Gamma at New York University. As of 2014, the largest ΖΒΤ chapter is Lambda at The University of Texas at Austin.
While in Panama City Beach, Florida on April 17, 2015 for a spring formal, members of the fraternity's University of Florida chapter were accused of abusing disabled military veterans. The Warrior Beach Retreat provides wounded veterans a place to relax and heal. The event was disrupted by a band of fraternity brothers who allegedly disrespected and dishonored the veterans. According to Warrior Beach Retreat's founder, Linda Cope, the students were antagonizing veterans. She stated that some of the men made inappropriate comments to the spouses of veterans. One veteran said that he and his service dog were spat on, and that beer was poured on them from the 20th floor.
As of 24 April, the University of Florida placed the ZBT chapter on interim suspension and charged the organization with a series of offenses as part of its formal investigation into allegations of disturbing illegal behavior toward veterans while at an event in Panama City Beach last weekend. Laurence Bolotin, Executive Director of Zeta Beta Tau International, issued a statement on the organization's web site that noted in part: "While the details of their actions are still under investigation, there is no doubt that some of our members engaged in ugly and unacceptable behavior. Their actions have no place in ΖΒΤ or anywhere, and they will not be tolerated. On behalf of our entire organization, I want to apologize to veterans, both those who were in Panama City Beach, and those who have felt the pain from afar, as well as to their families..." The president of the University of Florida, W. Kent Fuchs, called the actions of the fraternity members unacceptable and committed to a full investigation.
More recent reports indicate that the events which occurred that weekend may have been greatly exaggerated or, in some cases, outright falsified. An investigation by the Panama City Beach Police Department noted that "the brothers were found [only] guilty of popping a bottle of champagne on a balcony, causing some of the liquid to spill onto a party of veterans below." Additionally, at a PCB city council meeting on July 11, city councilman Clay Musgrave noted that "investigations conducted by both the Panama City Beach Police Department and the University of Florida confirm no evidence of disrespect or harmful or offensive conduct towards any of the veterans that weekend." It has been widely posited that the UF ZBT chaper was used as a scapegoat by Panama City Beach local government to justify a ban on alcoholic beverages on their beaches, which was instated shortly afterward.
- "Zeta Beta Tau Website".
- "Bible Isaiah 1:27". Retrieved March 4, 2008.
- "Directory of Jewish Organizations in the United States" (PDF). Retrieved February 23, 2010.
- ZBT Centennial History Book. Retrieved March 4, 2008.
- "ZBT Bax Chapter". Retrieved March 6, 2009.
- "Zeta Beta Tau – The Founding". Retrieved August 8, 2010.
- "Zeta Beta Tau Journey Evolution Overview" (PDF).
- "Zeta Beta Tau Journey New Brother Education".
- "Zeta Beta Tau Journey All-Chapter Education".
- Statement from Laurence Bolotin, Executive Director of Zeta Beta Tau International Regarding Panama City Beach Incident Zeta Beta Tau, 23 April 2015
- Florida: Fraternity Expels 3 After Abuse of Veterans The New York Times, 24 April 2015