Maryam Hatoon Molkara (1950-2012) was a campaigner for the rights of transsexuals in Iran. Designated male at birth, she was later instrumental in obtaining a letter which acted as a Fatwā enabling sex change operations to exist as part of a legal framework.
^McDowall, Angus; Stephen Khan (25 November 2004). "The Ayatollah and the transsexual". The Independent (Tehran). Retrieved 25 April 2011. That Maryam Khatoon Molkara can live a normal life is due to a compassionate decision by one man: the leader of the Islamic revolution himself.
^Tait, Robert. "A fatwa for transsexuals". Salon.com. Retrieved 25 April 2011. One woman's courage in appealing to the late Ayatollah Khomeini has made Tehran the unlikely sex change capital of the world.