Maryam Khatoon Molkara

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Maryam Khatoonpour Molkara (1950-2012) was a campaigner for the rights of transsexuals in Iran. Designated male at birth, she was later instrumental in obtaining a letter which acted as a Fatwā enabling sex change operations to exist as part of a legal framework.[1][2][3][4]


  1. ^ McDowall, Angus; Stephen Khan (25 November 2004). "The Ayatollah and the transsexual". The Independent. Tehran. Retrieved 25 April 2011. That Maryam Khatoon Molkara can live a normal life is due to a compassionate decision by one man: the leader of the Islamic revolution himself. 
  2. ^ Tait, Robert. "A fatwa for transsexuals". Retrieved 25 April 2011. One woman's courage in appealing to the late Ayatollah Khomeini has made Tehran the unlikely sex change capital of the world. 
  3. ^ Fathi, Nazila (August 2, 2004). "As Repression Lifts, More Iranians Change Their Sex". The New York Times. 
  4. ^ Tait, Robert (July 27, 2005). "A Fatwa for Freedom". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2010-05-12.