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Syed Masood Shah (Arabic: سید مسعود شاہ)
Born 959 AD
Sulaiman Mountains
Known for Progenitor of Arab origin Pukhtuns tribes including Mashwanis, Ludin and Roghanis.
Title Mashwani
  • Syed Taghamadh (Son)
  • Syed Alauddin (Son)
  • Syed Roghani (Son)
  • Syed Riyadh (Son)

Syed Muhammad Kalan Gesudaraz I (Father)

Sher Bano Kakri (Mother)

The Mashwani (Urdu: مشوانی‎) (also Moshwani, Meshwani, or Miswani) is Arab origin Pukhtun tribe living in Afghanistan, Pakistan (Swabi, Mardan, Sirikot, Kundi, Sherawal, Umarkhana, Bazi sir, Bazi Dara, Dir, Panjpai, Gadwalian, Panjgoor, Quetta, D I Khan etc.) and Iran.


Mashwanis are descended from Islamic Prophet Muhammad through his daughter Fatimah and Ali. Mashwani is said to be one of the sons of Syed Muhammad Kalan (Gesu daraz I) in most of the Persian and other historic books.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10]

Syed Muhammad Kalan (Gesu daraz I) was performing Fajr prayer when his maid came and gave him news about the birth of his son, Syed titled him "Mashwani" which means light of education or "Feather and Inkpot".

In a book "Halat-e-Mashwani" [11] the author "Syed Yousaf Shah" confused the title "Gesu Daraz" and has mistakenly referred to Bande Nawaz. In the history of Islam there were two personalities who were titled as Gesudaraz. One was Syed Muhammad Kalan (Gesudaraz I) who was governor/prince of Persia in around 800-900 AD and had married a Pashtoon Kakar women, while the second one was Bande Nawaz Syed Muhammad Hussaini Gesudaraz II. Bande Nawaz born and died in India and had never come to Afghanistan. There are many books written on the life of Bande Nawaz but it is not mentioned in any of them that Bande Nawaz had come to Afthanistan and married to a kakar women. While on other hand in may Persian and Afghan historic books and online resources commonly quote that there was a prince of Persia Syed Muhammad Kalan (Gesudaraz I) who married a Kakar woman and Mashwani was one of his sons. Mashwani was raised by his grandfather Kakar.

The author "Syed Yousaf Shah" in his book "Halat-e-Mashwani" did not even mention Syed Muhammad Kalan (Gesudaraz I) and he only discussed Bande Nawaz Syed Muhammad Hussaini (Gesudaraz II). This clearly indicates that at the time of writing "Halat-e-Mashwani" the author was not aware of Syed Muhammad Kalan (Gesudaraz I), hence mistakenly referred to the wrong Gesudaraz.

Shajra (Family Tree)[edit]

  1. Muhammad
  2. Syeda Fatima-tuz-Zehra W/O Ali Ibn-e-Abu Talib 605-680 AD
  3. Imam Hussain 325-680 AD
  4. Imam Ali (Zain-ul-Abideen, Sajjad) 659-613
  5. Imam Muhammad Baqir (676–733 AD)
  6. Imam Muhammad Jafer Sadiq (702–765 AD)
  7. Isma'il ibn Jafar (719–755 AD.) Fatima bint al-Hussain'l-Athram bin al-Hasan bin Ali (mother)
  8. Ali ibn Ismail (752-856 AD)
  9. Syed Faateh (818-880 AD).
  10. Syed Qaaf (849-880 AD)
  11. Syed Muhammad Kalan (Gesudaraz I) (907-999 AD) He was the Prince of Persia or "Governor of Persia" . He married with Sher Bano, daughter of a Pashtoon sardar (Kakar)
  12. Syed Muhammad Masood (Mashwani) 959-1016 AD


  1. ^ Henry, Walter Bellew (1862). Journal of a Political Mission to Afghanistan in 1857, Under Major Lumsden: With an Account of the Country and People. National Library of the Netherlands: Elder Smith, 1862. 
  2. ^ Balfour, Edward (1885). The Cyclopædia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia: Commercial, Industrial and Scientific, Products of the Mineral, Vegetable, and Animal Kingdoms, Useful Arts and Manufactures, Volume 2. India: B. Quartitch, 1885. 
  3. ^ ہروی, خواجہ نعمت اللہ. تاریخ خان جھانی مخزن افغانی. pp. 648–649. 
  4. ^ کرمانی, شاہ عطااللہ. روضہ الاحباب. 
  5. ^ Gandapur, Sher Muhammad Khan (1894). تواریخ خورشید جھاں. Lahore: Islamiya Kutab. pp. 275–309. 
  6. ^ (Pakistan), Baluchistan (1979-01-01). Balochistan Through the Ages: Tribes. Nisa Traders : sole distributors Gosha-e-Adab. 
  7. ^ Khān, Muḥammad Ḥayāt (1981-01-01). Afghanistan and Its Inhabitants. Sang-e-Meel Publications. 
  8. ^ Bellew, Henry Walter (1978-01-01). Journal of a Political Mission to Afghanistan, in 1857, Under Major (now Colonel) Lumsden: With an Account of the Country and People. Orient Research Centre. 
  9. ^ (Pakistan), Baluchistan (1907-01-01). Baluchistan District Gazetteer Series: Quetta-Pishin. printed at Bombay Education Society's Press. 
  10. ^ Khalil, Malik Muhammad. Tribe Khalil & The Brighten Persons Of Khalil: Tribe Khalil, famous people of tribe khalil (in Arabic). AttaUrRehman. 
  11. ^ Shah, Syed Yousaf (1930). حالات مشوانی. Lahore: Muhammadi Press.