|• Type||District Administration|
|• Deputy Commissioner||N/A|
|• District Police Officer||N/A|
|• District Health Officer||N/A|
|• Total||1,518 km2 (586 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,900/km2 (7,400/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (PST)|
|Number of Tehsils||1|
Peshawar District (Pashto: پېښور ولسوالۍ, Hindko: ضلع پشور, Urdu: ضلع پشاور) is a district in the Peshawar Division of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. It is located about 160 km west of the Pakistan's capital Islamabad. The district headquarter is the city of Peshawar, which is also the capital of Khyber Paktunkhwa.
This district and the city has seen the rise and fall of many civilizations. It was once the center of Gandhara and has subsequently been ruled by Persians, Greeks, Buddhists, Kushans, Afghans, Mughals, Marathas, Sikhs and the British. The original district of Peshawar was a district of the North-West Frontier Province of British India.
After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the old Peshawar District became Peshawar Division comprising the current districts of Peshawar, Charsadda and Nowshera. In July 1988, the former Charsadda tehsil was separated and attained the status of a separate district. In 1990, the Nowshera tehsil also was upgraded to the status of a district. Under the latest revision of Pakistan's administrative structure, promulgated in 2001, Peshawar was also given the status of a city district.
At the time of the 2017 census, the district had 499,268 households and a population of 4,331,959. The population of the district over the years is shown in the table below. Peshawar district had a sex ratio of 943 females per 1000 males and a literacy rate of 55.01% - 68.78% for males and 40.47% for females. 1,969,823 (45.47%) lived in urban areas, mainly Peshawar city. 29.90% of the population were under 10 years of age.
At the time of the 2017, in present-day Peshawar district 90.32% of the population spoke Pashto, 5.25% Hindko, 1.93% Urdu and 1.07% Punjabi as their first language. Due to the settlement of Afghan refugees and language shift Pashto has gained ground at the expense of Hindko.
Muslims make up the majority in Peshawar. Peshawar once had significant minorities of Hindus and Sikhs living in the small towns and Peshawar city, but most fled during Partition. Only 1,800 Hindus and 2,500 Sikhs remain in the district. Christians however have continued to grow, although they too are growing far slower than the Muslims.
|Religion||Population (1941): 22||Percentage (1941)||Population (2017)||Percentage (2017)|
According to the 1897 records during the British Raj, most people living in Peshawar valley were Pathans and belonged to an agricultural community but there was also large number of Punjabi and Hindkowan communities living in the valley; all three ethnolinguistic groups religiously belonged to Islam, Hinduism and Sikhism. Most people in the Peshawar city spoke and understood Urdu. Elite belonging to small towns such as big feudal Khan families, traders and almost all of Hindus also spoke Urdu. Persian was also spoken by elites of the Peshawar city and by traders from Kabul. Majority of the population of the district especially the agriculturists and Pathans only spoke Pashto.
92% of the total population of Peshawar Valley followed Islam and remainder 8% followed Hinduism, Sikhism and other religions. People belonging to these minority religions primarily lived in major cities such as Peshawar, Charsadda (now in the Charsadda District) and Hoti (now in the Mardan District) and mostly in cantonment areas of these cities. 97% of the population living in rural towns practiced Islam.
Peshawar District has many universities for various disciplines starting from Humanities, General Sciences, Sciences, Engineering Sciences to Medical Sciences, Agriculture Sciences and Management Sciences. Currently, there are nine medical colleges of which two are in the public sector, including Khyber Medical University, and seven in the private sector, which all are recognised and approved by Pakistan Medical and Dental Association.
The first public sector university was the University of Peshawar which was established in 1950. The University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar and the University of Agriculture, Peshawar were also established in 1980 and 1981 respectively. The first private sector university CECOS University of IT and Emerging Sciences, started functioning in 1986. Soon after, another university by the name of Brains Institute and post graduate college was established. In 1995, a public sector management institute named as Institute of Management Sciences was established, which became degree awarding institute in 2005.
In 2001, four (4) new private sector universities started working in Peshawar. The name of these universities are Qurtuba University, Sarhad University of Science and IT, Fast University, Peshawar Campus and City University of Science and IT. Gandhara University was established in 2002 while Abasyn University was created in 2007.
In 2007, Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa established first public sector medical university, Khyber Medical University and the district also has 2 public sector medical colleges, one is Khyber Medical College and one for girls named as Khyber Girls Medical College.
Apart from excellent range of universities, Peshawar district also has huge numbers of further education (Post School) institutes both in public and private sectors. The most renowned are Islamia College Peshawar, which was established in 1913 and was upgraded to become university in 2008 and Edwardes College Peshawar, which is the oldest of all institutions in the district started functioning in 1900.
State of Education in Peshawar
According to Pakistan District Education Rankings 2017 published by Alif Ailaan, Peshawar ranks 4th in Pakistan in terms of primary school infrastructure while it ranks 52nd in Pakistan for middle school infrastructure. In terms of education score, Peshawar ranks 64th in Pakistan with having a relatively low retention score. Beyond Primary Readiness in Peshawar is on the lower side as it ranks 62nd in Pakistan.
The main issues reported in Taleem Do! App for district Peshawar are overcrowded class rooms and lack of class rooms in schools.
Girls’ education is also one of the most reported issues in the app, with main focus on lesser number of Girls schools and also schools located at long distances.
Issues of lack of teachers, non-availability of science labs and lack of High Schools were also reported.
Issues regarding the high fee collections in private schools was also reported on multiple occasions.
The district Peshawar is administrated by Deputy commissioner who is chief administrative, land revenue officer and the representative of government in district. DC is assisted by Additional Deputy commissioner and Assistant commissioner. Peshawar is divided into seven tehsil which are further divided into village council (rural areas) and neighbourhood council (urban areas). There are total 357 councils in peshawar district out of which 130 are neighbourhood councils and 227 are village councils. Each tehsil has its own government known as tehsil municipal administration having an elected tehsil council and tehsil chairman except Peshawar city tehsil which is administrated by a city local government which is composed of an elected city council and an elected mayor.
Tehsils of Peshawar District
- Peshawar City Tehsil
- Shah Alam Tehsil
- Mathra Tehsil
- Chamkani Tehsil
- Badabher Tehsil
- Peshtakhara Tehsil
- Hassan Khel Tehsil (FR Peshawar)
Neighbourhood and Village Councils of Peshawar District
1. Peshawar City Tehsil Village Councils = 9 Neighbourhood Councils =121 Total Councils = 130. 2. Badhaber tehsil Village Councils = 37 Neighbourhood Councils = 0 Total Councils = 37. 3. Chamkani tehsil Village Councils = 42 Neighbourhood Councils = 4 Total Councils = 46. 4. Shah Alam tehsil Village Councils = 41 Neighbourhood Councils = 2 Total Councils = 43. 5. Pishtakhara tehsil Village Councils = 34 Neighbourhood Councils = 2 Total Councils = 36. 6. Mathra tehsil Village Councils = 53 Neighbourhood Councils = 1 Total Councils = 54. 7. Hassan Khel Village Councils = 11 Neighbourhood Councils = 0 Total Councils = 11.
Each Village and Neighborhood Council is composed of 7 Members which are as given below
1. Chairman of VC or NC
2. Vice Chairman of VC or NC
3. General Councilor
4. Women Councilor
5. Youth Councilor
6. Worker and Peasant Councilor
7. Minority Councilor
These members are elected by voter directly through local elections
Provincial Assembly Seats
According to new delimitation list made by election commission of Pakistan the district Peshawar is represented in provincial assembly through 14 constituencies. Currently all seats are empty because assembly is dissolved and new elections are going to happen soon.
|Member of Provincial Assembly||Constituency|
|assembly dissolved||PK-69 Peshawar-I|
|assembly dissolved||PK-70 Peshawar-II|
|assembly dissolved||PK-72 Peshawar-IV|
|assembly dissolved||PK-73 Peshawar-V|
|assembly dissolved||PK-74 Peshawar-VI|
|assembly dissolved||PK-75 Peshawar-VII|
|assembly dissolved||PK-76 Peshawar-VIII|
|assembly dissolved||PK-77 Peshawar-IX|
|assembly dissolved||PK-78 Peshawar-X|
|assembly dissolved||PK-79 Peshawar-XI|
|assembly dissolved||PK-80 Peshawar-XII|
|assembly dissolved||PK-81 Peshawar-XIII|
|assembly dissolved||PK-82 Peshawar-XIV|
National Assembly Seats
|Constituency||Member of National Assembly|
|NA 28 Peshawar I||Vacant|
|NA 29 Peshawar II||Vacant|
|NA 30 Peshawar III||Vacant|
|NA 31 Peshawar IV||Vacant|
|NA 32 Peshawar V||Vacant|
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- "The University of Agriculture, Peshawar-Pakistan". www.aup.edu.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-04.
- "CECOS – University of Information Technology and Emerging Sciences". www.cecos.edu.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-04.
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- "IMSciences". www.imsciences.edu.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-08.
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- "FAST-NUCES Peshawar | National University of Computer and Emerging Sciences". pwr.nu.edu.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-08.
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- "Abasyn University". abasyn.edu.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-08.
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- SBBWU, ITC. "Shaheed Benazir Bhutto Women University Peshawar". www.sbbwu.edu.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-09.
- "IQRA NAtional University | Peshawar, Hayatabad". www.inu.edu.pk. Retrieved 2017-12-09.
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- 1981 District census report of Peshawar. District census Report. Vol. 26. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1983. p. 86.
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- 1998 District census report of Peshawar. Census publication. Vol. 33. Islamabad: Population Census Organization, Statistics Division, Government of Pakistan. 1999.
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