Media of Tajikistan

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For most of the population, radio and television are the most important sources of information.[1] During the civil war (1992–97), the Rakhmonov government severely repressed both broadcast and print media; since that time, neither has recovered independent operations.[1] In 2006 six government television stations and 18 private stations were in operation, but most of the latter depended on government transmission equipment.[1] Although the law requires registration of independent broadcast outlets, some unlicensed stations have operated.[1] Russian channels are received by satellite, and most regions receive one of the two national television channels.[1] Radio stations broadcast in Persian, Russian, Tajik, and Uzbek.[1] In 2000 there were 141 radios and 326 television sets per 1,000 population.[1]

In the post-Soviet era, newspaper circulation has decreased sharply because of the high expense of materials and the poverty of the population.[1] As a result of government pressure and refusal of license renewals, no opposition newspapers were operating in the run-up to the 2006 presidential election.[1] Among the most-read newspapers are Jumhuriyat (Republic, in Tajik, thrice weekly), Khalk ovozi (Voice of the People, in Uzbek, thrice weekly), Kurer Tadzhikistana (Tajikistan Courier, in Russian, weekly), Sadoi mardum (Voice of the People, in Tajik, thrice weekly), and Tojikiston (Tajikistan, in Tajik, thrice weekly).[1] In 2006 four domestic news agencies and one Russian agency (RIA Novosti) were operating.[1]

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  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Tajikistan country profile. Library of Congress Federal Research Division (January 2007). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.