Menahemia

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Menahemia
מְנַחֶמְיָה
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • standard Menahemya
מוזיאון בית הרופא ובית הראשונים, מנחמיה.jpg
Menahemia is located in Northeast Israel
Menahemia
Menahemia
Coordinates: 32°40′3.72″N 35°33′14.4″E / 32.6677000°N 35.554000°E / 32.6677000; 35.554000Coordinates: 32°40′3.72″N 35°33′14.4″E / 32.6677000°N 35.554000°E / 32.6677000; 35.554000
District Northern
Council Valley of Springs
Founded 1901
Population (2017)[1] 1,041

Menahemia (Hebrew: מְנַחֶמְיָה‬) is a village in the Jordan Valley in north-eastern Israel. Located near Highway 90 between Beit She'an and Tzemah Junction 5 km south of Tzemah, it falls under the jurisdiction of Valley of Springs Regional Council. With an area of 6,000 dunams, the village had a population of 1,041 in 2017.[1]

History[edit]

The village was established on 23–26 December 1901 as a moshava under the name Milhamia (Hebrew: מלחמיה‎) by the five first families on land purchased by the Jewish Colonization Association in southern Jordan Valley, and was the first Jewish settlement of its time in that region.[2] It was renamed Menahemia in 1921 after the father of High Commissioner of Mandatory Palestine Herbert Samuel, 1st Viscount Samuel.

The village attracted new immigrants from Yemen during its nascent years, but because of cultural differences with the older residents, the Yemenites removed from there and settled in the Shaʿaraim neighborhood of Rehovot.[3]

Before World War I, a regional pharmacy was established in Menahemia. Other industries included a quarry, where they quarried raw materials for the "Nesher" factory near Haifa, and a gypsum manufacturing plant. There also existed a museum for the medical history of the region, and the history of Menahemia and Naharayim.

It had its own local council from 1951 until 1 January 2006 when jurisdiction over the village was transferred to Beit She'an Valley Regional Council.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  2. ^ Said&Hitchens, Edward, Christopher (2001). Blaming the Victims: Spurious Scholarship and the Palestinian Question. Verso. p. 217. ISBN 1859843409.
  3. ^ The Archives of the History of Rehovot, Yemenite immigrants to Menahemia (Hebrew)