Hamadia

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Hamadia
Hamadia 042a.jpg
Hamadia is located in Israel
Hamadia
Hamadia
Coordinates: 32°31′12.72″N 35°31′11.27″E / 32.5202000°N 35.5197972°E / 32.5202000; 35.5197972Coordinates: 32°31′12.72″N 35°31′11.27″E / 32.5202000°N 35.5197972°E / 32.5202000; 35.5197972
Region Beit She'an Valley
Affiliation Kibbutz Movement
Founded 1939
1942 (refoundation)

Hamadia (Hebrew: חֲמַדְיָה) is a kibbutz in the Beit She'an Valley, just north of Beit She'an in northern Israel. It belongs to the Valley of Springs Regional Council.

History[edit]

The kibbutz was founded in 1939 as part of the Tower and stockade movement. It was re-established in 1942 by the "Hermonim" pioneers, a garin of native-born Israelis who were part of a youth group.

The kibbutz took its name from al-Hamidiyya, an abandoned Arab village north of the kibbutz named for the sultan of Turkey, Abdul Hamid II.

Archaeology[edit]

The location is situated on a terrace of ancient Lake Beisan, 200 metres below sea level.[1] Tell Hamadia is a single layer archaeological site of about 100 m2 (0.010 ha), first reported and excavated at Hamadia by N. Tzori in 1958 then again by Jacob Kaplan in 1964.[2] Ovens, pits and fireplaces were found with Yarmukian pottery and an assmeblage of many axes, picks, scrapers, "saw" elements[dubious ] and sickles. Large saw elements indicated possible earlier Neolithic occupation which was suggested to date at least to the early Chalcolithic (MOM period 7). A flint sickle workshop was located close to the site with over 300 sickle blades found. Tell Hamadia is 10 km (6.2 mi) south of Munhata and is suggested to date between ca. 5800 and 5400 BCE.[3] Detailed reports have yet to be published.[4]

Notable residents[edit]

Both Asher Yadlin and Avraham Ofer were members of Kibbutz Hamadiya. When Yadlin was the Head of Kupat Holim he was nominated to be the Director of the Bank of Israel. After a lengthy police investigation and trial he was sentenced to 5 years in prison. Avraham Ofer was the Minister of Housing under the Rabin Government. During a lengthy police investigation he committed suicide in his car parked next to the beach in Tel Aviv. The Rabin Gov't fell soon after when the press revealed Rabin held money in foreign bank accounts (In Washington, DC). The time frame for the above: 1976-77.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michael Avi-Yonah (1978). Encyclopedia of archaeological excavations in the Holy Land, p. 468. Prentice-Hall. ISBN 978-0-13-275123-0. Retrieved 3 May 2011. 
  2. ^ British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem (2005). Levant. Retrieved 3 May 2011. 
  3. ^ Francis Hours (1994). May 2011 Atlas des sites du Proche Orient (14000-5700 BP). Maison de l'Orient méditerranéen. ISBN 978-2-903264-53-6. 
  4. ^ Garfinkel, Y., The Yarmukian Culture in Israel, Paléorient, Volume 19, 19-1, pp. 115-134, 1993