Second or Third Dynasty Egypt
Merit-Ptah practiced medicine at a time when women in ancient Egypt regularly became physicians and midwives, and all-women medical schools existed. Another known woman physician of ancient Egypt is Peseshet. Merit-Ptah and Peseshet are regarded as the earliest recorded woman physicians.
Merit-Ptah's picture can be found on a tomb in Egypt's Valley of Kings. The "Chief Physician" inscription left on her grave by her High Priest son implies that she held a position in which she taught and supervised physicians, and that she attended to the pharaoh.
The physician Merit Ptah should not be confused with Merit-Ptah, the wife of Ramose, the Governor of Thebes and Vizier under Akhenaten, who is depicted with her husband in TT55 in Sheikh Abd el-Qurna.
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