Qar (doctor)

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For the pharaoh of the 16th Dynasty, see Qar (pharaoh).

Qar was a doctor during the Sixth dynasty of Egypt, which lasted from about 2350 to 2180 BC. He was the royal physician.[1]

Qar tomb[edit]

Adil Hussein discovered his tomb north of the pyramid of Sekhemkhet in 2001.[1] He died at the age of fifty years[2] and his mummified remains were discovered by archaeologists in December 2006 in his mastaba at Saqqara, Egypt.[3] As were many other tombs in Saqqara, his tomb was re-used several times.[4]

Tomb contents[edit]

Beside his mummy in the limestone sarcophagus, there were metal (bronze[4] or copper[5][6]) model tools that were entombed alongside his remains. In press reports following the discovery of the tomb and in several publications they are regarded as surgical instruments.[7] It was stated that they might be the oldest surgical tools in the world.[5] They are now preserved in Imhotep museum.[6][8] However, these types of model tools are common in many Old Kingdom burials of officials with different functions. They are not surgical instruments. They are model tools.[9]

Also 22 bronze statues were unearthed representing different deities in various shapes and sizes including Ptah, Horus-the- child (also known as Harpocrates) and Isis. A statuette of Imhotep[10] the physician, the great engineer and builder of Djoser's pyramid complex, was also among the statuettes found by the team.[4]

Legacy in museums[edit]

His mummy and findings from his tomb are preserved in the Imhotep Museum at Saqqara.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b [1]
  2. ^ "Hidden Treasures Of The Egyptian Museum:On Hundred Masterpieces From The ... - Zahi Hawass, Kenneth Garrett, Farouk Hosny - كتب Google". Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  3. ^ "Egypt finds 4,000-year-old doctor's mummy". msnbc.com. Retrieved 24 March 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 18, 2014. Retrieved January 1, 2016. 
  5. ^ a b "Hidden Treasures Of The Egyptian Museum:On Hundred Masterpieces From The ... - Zahi Hawass, Kenneth Garrett, Farouk Hosny - كتب Google". Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c "Jean Philippe Lauer - Egypt Tourism Board". Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  7. ^ Jackson, Russell. "Mummy of ancient doctor comes to light - Scotsman.com News". News.scotsman.com. Retrieved 2011-03-24. 
  8. ^ "Surgical Instruments from the tomb of Qar - a photo on Flickriver". Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  9. ^ Khalil Messija, Hishmet Messiha: A New Concept about the Implements Found in the Excavations at Giza, In: ASAE 58, 1964, pp. 209–226.
  10. ^ "Physician, Statue of Imhotep, Tomb of Qar, Egypt". allposters.com. Retrieved 3 February 2016.