Qar (doctor)

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Qar was a doctor during the Sixth Dynasty of Egypt, which lasted from about 2350 to 2180 BC. He was the royal physician.[1]

Qar tomb[edit]

Adil Hussein discovered his tomb north of the pyramid of Sekhemkhet in 2001.[1] Qar died at the age of fifty years[2] and his mummified remains were discovered by archaeologists in December 2006 in his mastaba at Saqqara, Egypt.[3] As with many other tombs in Saqqara, his tomb was re-used several times.[4]

Tomb contents[edit]

Beside his mummy in the limestone sarcophagus, there were metal (bronze[4] or copper[2][5]) model tools that were entombed alongside his remains. In press reports following the discovery of the tomb and in several publications they are regarded as surgical instruments.[6] It was stated that they might be the oldest surgical tools in the world.[2] They are now preserved in the Imhotep Museum.[5][7] However, these types of model tools are common in many Old Kingdom burials of officials with different functions. They are not surgical instruments. They are model tools.[8]

Also 22 bronze statues were unearthed representing different deities in various shapes and sizes including Ptah, Horus-the-child (also known as Harpocrates) and Isis. A statuette of Imhotep[9] the physician, the great engineer and builder of Djoser's pyramid complex, was also among the statuettes found by the team.[4]

Legacy in museums[edit]

His mummy and findings from his tomb are preserved in the Imhotep Museum at Saqqara.[5]


  1. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-04-08. Retrieved 2013-05-16.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ a b c Hawass, Zahi (2002). Hidden Treasures Of The Egyptian Museum:On Hundred Masterpieces From The ... - Zahi Hawass, Kenneth Garrett, Farouk Hosny - كتب Google. ISBN 9789774247781. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  3. ^ "Egypt finds 4,000-year-old doctor's mummy". NBC News. Retrieved 24 March 2011.
  4. ^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on November 18, 2014. Retrieved January 1, 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ a b c "Jean Philippe Lauer - Egypt Tourism Board". Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  6. ^ Jackson, Russell. "Mummy of ancient doctor comes to light - News". Retrieved 2011-03-24.
  7. ^ "Surgical Instruments from the tomb of Qar - a photo on Flickriver". Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  8. ^ Khalil Messija, Hishmet Messiha: A New Concept about the Implements Found in the Excavations at Giza, In: ASAE 58, 1964, pp. 209–226.
  9. ^ "Physician, Statue of Imhotep, Tomb of Qar, Egypt". Retrieved 3 February 2016.