Miangul Aurangzeb

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Miangul Aurangzeb
Wali Ahad of the Princely State of Swat
19th Governor of North-West Frontier Province
In office
10 August 1999 – 24 October 1999
President Muhammad Rafiq Tarar
Preceded by Arif Bangash
Succeeded by Mohammad Shafiq
Governor of Balochistan
In office
1997–1999
President Justice Retired Muhammad Rafiq Tarar
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Preceded by Amir-ul-Mulk Mengal
Succeeded by Sayed Muhammad Fazal Agha
Majority Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz (PML-N)
Member of the National Assembly of Pakistan
In office
1993–1997
President Farooq Laghari
Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto
Constituency N.A-21 Swat-1
Majority Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP)
Member of the National Assembly of Pakistan
In office
1985–1988
President General Muhammad Ziaul Haq
Prime Minister Muhammad Khan Junejo
Constituency N.A-21 Swat-1
Member of the National Assembly of Pakistan[1]
In office
1970–1977
President Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry
Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
Constituency N.A-21 Swat-1
Majority Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP)
Wali Ahad (Crown Prince), Swat (princely State)
In office
1966–1969
Monarch Miangul Jahan Zeb, Wali of Swat (princely state)
Member of the West Pakistan Assembly
In office
1962–1965
President Muhammad Ayub Khan
Member of the West Pakistan Assembly[2]
In office
1956–1958
President Iskandar Mirza
Personal details
Born (1928-05-28)28 May 1928
Saidu Sharif, Swat (princely state)
Died 3 August 2014(2014-08-03) (aged 86)
Islamabad, Pakistan
Resting place Aqba, Saidu Sharif
Nationality Pakistani
Political party Pakistan Muslim League
Spouse(s) Begum Nasim Aurangzeb
Relations Miangul Jahan Zeb(father)
Muhammad Ayub Khan(father –in-law)
Shahzada Aman-e- Room (Cousin)
Children Adnan Aurangzeb
Mahmud Aurangzeb
Hasan Aurangzeb
Parents Miangul Jahan Zeb
Residence Saidu Sharif, Swat, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa,Pakistan
Alma mater Welham Boys' School and
The Doon School, Dehradun[3]
St. Stephen's College, Delhi
Occupation Politician
statesman
Profession Crown Prince
Religion Islam
Military service
Allegiance  Pakistan
Service/branch  Pakistan Army
Years of service 1948–1955
Rank Captain
Unit Frontier Force Regiment
Commands Aide de Camp

Miangul Aurangzeb (Urdu/Pashto: میاں گل اورنگزیب‎ 28 May 1928 – 3 August 2014) was the last Wali Ahad (Crown Prince) of the former Swat State, the son of the last Wali of Swat, Miangul Jahan Zeb[4] and the son -in-law of the former president of Pakistan, Muhammad Ayub Khan. He served in the National Assembly of Pakistan and as governor of Balochistan and subsequently as governor of the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.

Early life[edit]

He was born on 28 May 1928 in Saidu Sharif in the house of Miangul Jahan Zeb, (the wali of Swat). He received his initial schooling at Welham Boys' School and The Doon School in Dehradun.[3][5] He then attended St. Stephen's College, Delhi.

Army career[edit]

Following the independence of Pakistan, Aurangzeb enrolled at the Pakistan Military Academy, Kakul in 1948. He was commissioned into the Guides Cavalry (11 Cavalry FF) of the Frontier Force Regiment.

During his service in the Pakistan Army, he passed the Junior Officer's Course, the Advanced Infantry Course (Quetta) and the Junior Officer Leadership and Weapons Course (Nowshera). His achievements led to his selection as ADC (aide de camp) to the Army Commander in Chief General Ayub Khan.[4]

In 1955, he married the daughter of General Ayub Khan[4] and thereafter quit the army service to enter into politics.

Public life[edit]

Aurangzeb represented Swat State in the West Pakistan Assembly from 1956 to May 1958, when he was nominated to the National Assembly of Pakistan.[2]

After the imposition of martial law in 1958, all legislative bodies were dissolved, and civilian rule did not return until 1962. Aurangzeb was nominated to the National Assembly in 1962, and re-nominated in 1965.[6]

After the resignation of President Ayub Khan in 1969, the Government of Pakistan under President Yahya Khan took over the administration of all the remaining princely states including Swat.

In 1970 the first ever one-man one-vote general elections were held in Pakistan, which marked a new chapter for the former ruling family of Swat. Aurangzeb[1] was elected on a Muslim League platform,[4] defeating a strong candidate of the National Awami Party.

He was re-elected in the March 1977[6] general elections as a Pakistan National Alliance candidate (anti-Bhutto) despite suspected widespread rigging by the rival Pakistan Peoples Party candidate.

Due to his opposition to the government of Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Aurangzeb supported the military government of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, and from 1981 served as a member of the nominated Majlis i Shoora (Federal Council).[6]

In March 1985 general elections were held on a non-party basis, and Aurangzeb was again elected to the National Assembly of Pakistan.

Following the tumultuous events of 1988, party-based democracy returned to Pakistan and general elections were once again held in November 1988. Aurangzeb, contesting on from the Islami Jamhoori Ittehad platform was defeated by his cousin and son-in-law Shahzada Aman i Room, the candidate of the Pakistan Peoples Party.

Again in October 1990, Aurangzeb, contesting as an independent candidate faced defeat, this time at the hands of his former allies, the Islami Jamhoori Ittehad.

However, he bounced back in the October 1993 general elections to regain his seat, and continued to hold it at the February 1997 general elections.

In April 1997, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif appointed him as Governor of Balochistan, and Aurangzeb resigned from the National Assembly. The subsequent by-election resulted in a victory for his son, Engineer Miangul Adnan Aurangzeb.

In August 1999, Aurangzeb was appointed as the Governor of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and served in that capacity until the military takeover by General Pervez Musharraf on 24 October 1999.

He did not contest the 2002 general elections and retired from electoral politics, passing the torch to the next generation of his family. He remained active until his death in the leadership of the Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz.

As a result of death threats from and loss of security in Swat to the Tehreek-e-Nafaz-e-Shariat-e-Mohammadi under Maulana Fazlullah in 2007, Aurangzeb spent an extended period of time at his house in Islamabad. With the return of stability in the area Aurangzeb has resumed living at the family compound in Saidu Sharif.Due to prolonged illness, he set aside himself from politics and spend rest of his life at house in Islamabad till his death on 3 August 2014.[7][8] He is buried in his ancestral grave yard at Aqba, Saidu Sharif

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Press Release. "Aurangzeb Miangul" (PDF). National Assembly of Pakistan. Retrieved 13 May 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Notification. "Miangul Aurangzeb" (PDF). National Assembly of Pakistan. Retrieved 13 May 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "From sea to shining sea". Himalmag. Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Swat". Asianaffairs. 
  5. ^ "Outlookindia". 
  6. ^ a b c Hussain, Naveed. "Swat: The valley of the Wali". Tribune.com.pk. Retrieved 28 April 2013. 
  7. ^ http://www.dawn.com/news/1123225/last-crown-prince-of-swat-dies-at-86
  8. ^ "MiangulAurangzeb passes away". swatnews.com. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Amir-ul-Mulk Mengal
Governor of Balochistan
1997–1999
Succeeded by
Sayed Muhammad Fazal Agha
Preceded by
Arif Bangash
Governor of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
1999
Succeeded by
Mohammad Shafiq