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Naseerullah Khan Babar
Naseerullah Babar (1928–2011)
|29th Minister of Internal Security|
21 October 1993 – 5 November 1996
|Prime Minister||Benazir Bhutto|
|Preceded by||Fateh Khan Bandial|
|Succeeded by||Omar Khan Afridi|
|12th Governor of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province|
1 March 1976 – 6 July 1977
|President||Fazal Ilahi Chaudhry|
|Preceded by||Syed Ghawas|
|Succeeded by||Abdul Hakeem Khan|
Pirpiai, North West Frontier Province, British India
January 10, 2011 (aged 82–83)|
Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province
|Resting place||Pirpiai, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, Pakistan|
|Political party||Pakistan Peoples Party|
|Relations||Siblings: Wisal Babar|
Presentation Convent School, Peshawar|
Pakistan Military Academy, Dehra Dun, Burn Hall
Zulfikar Bhutto Government|
Bainazir Bhuttoo Government
Sitara-e-Jurat (1971) |
|Years of service||1948–1974|
|Unit||Pakistan Army Artillery Corps|
23 Division, Jehlum|
IG Frontier Corps
DG Military Intelligence
Indo-Pakistani War of 1947|
Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Indo-Pakistani War of 1971
Major-General Naseerullah Khan Babar (Urdu: نصيرالله خان بابر; born 1928—10 January 2011) was Minister of Internal Security of Pakistan. He is also famous because of Operation against MQM in Karachi in 1994-95. He was a retired 2-star general officer in the Pakistan Army, and later career military officer-turned statesman from, the Pakistan Peoples Party. In 1975, Babar took early voluntary retirement from the Pakistan Army to become Governor of NWFP (now Khyber Pukhtoonkhwa). He joined the Pakistan Peoples Party after Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto's government was dismissed in 1977. A leading member of the Pakistan People's Party, Babar was born in Pirpiai, North-West Frontier Province, British Indian Empire. His family is from the Babar tribe of Pakhtuns and hails from the village of Pirpiai in district Nowshera.
Having started his military career in 1948, Babar rose to become a Major General and led the Frontier Corps as its Commandant in 1974. During 1974, Babar was tasked to fund and train Afghan mujahidin, by the order of Bhutto, to suppress the government of Davood Khan, and disbandment of Pashtunistan policies led by the government of Davood Khan. This operation was a complete and ultimate success after which Babar proceeded to retire from the army, in order to start his career in politics. However, the operation took a new direction when he became Governor of the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa from 1975 to 1977 under Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto's government until the term was cut short due to Operation Fair Play— a clandestine operation undertaken to remove Bhutto. In 1988, Babar was the "Special Advisor/Assistant on Internal Affairs" in Benazir Bhutto's first government and between 1993 and 1996, Babar was appointed and tenured as the Interior Minister during Benazir Bhutto's second government where he supervised and successfully contended Operation Blue Fox.
Babar's early education was from Presentation Convent School, Peshawar, North West Frontier Province, British India, between 1935 and 1939. From 1939 to 1941 he attended Burn Hall School then located at Srinagar. The school was subsequently shifted to Abbottabad after the Partition of India in 1947. He then attended Prince of Wales Royal Indian Military College from 1941-1947 in Dheradun and joined the Pakistan Army in 1948. He was part of the first PMA long course which graduated in 1950.
Army career and Indo-Pakistani Wars
In his long career in the Army, Babar served in the Artillery Corps and pioneered the Army Aviation Corps. During the 1965 war with India, Babar single-handedly captured an entire Indian company of soldiers (over 70 POWs) and was awarded Sitara-e-Jurat for this action.
In the 1971 war, he commanded an artillery brigade supporting 23 Division and later commanded an infantry brigade until he was wounded and evacuated from the battlefield. He also had the distinction of having been awarded SJ & Bar. In 1972, he was appointed Inspector General Frontier Corps. He resigned from the Army in 1974 while commanding an infantry division and was appointed as Governor of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.
Joining the PPP
Babar joined the Pakistan People's Party (the PPP) in 1977 after the arrest of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto. He famously threw away his Hilal i Jurat (with bar) and other army medals at the presiding officer of a military tribunal, when Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto was hanged by the military regime of General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq in 1979.
Interior Minister 1993–1996
In 1988, Babar was a Special Assistant to the Prime Minister, Benazir Bhutto and successfully ran the election for Begum Nusrat Bhutto from Chitral during the preceding elections.
Elected in the 1993 general election on a People's Party Ticket from Nowshera, he defeated Awami National Party President Ajmal Khattak, with the PPP's victory in the election and was appointed Federal Minister for the Interior by Benazir Bhutto.
General Naseerullah Babar was one of the major proponents of backing what eventually became the Taliban.
General Babar was also involved in a crackdown on MQM. He was believe to be involved in extra judicial killing of MQM militant wing in the 90's.
1997 and onwards
After the dismissal of Benazir Bhutto's second government by Farooq Leghari, Babar contested the 1997 elections again from Nowshera as well as from Karachi. He was defeated in Nowshera by ANP candidate Wali Muhammad Khan and from Karachi by Nawaz Sharif's nominee Ejaz Shafi.
Contesting again in the 2002 general elections he was defeated in the electoral sweep of the religio-political alliance the Muttahida Majlis-e-Amal, mainly due to Musharaff's goals of bringing Islamists in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan to power.
In October 2007, he left the Pakistan Peoples Party due to his disagreement with Benazir Bhutto over her support for General Pervez Musharraf. This action was considered as a major blow for the Pakistan Peoples Party because he was their major political leader in the Khyber-Pukhtunkhwa.
On 19 August 2008, Naseerullah Babar suffered a mild stroke and was admitted to a hospital. He recovered and returned home in November 2008. Naseerullah Babar died on 10 January 2011.
- "Former interior minister Naseerullah Babar dies". Dawn. 10 January 2011. Retrieved 10 January 2011.
| Governor of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
Abdul Hakeem Khan
Fateh Khan Bandial
| Interior Minister of Pakistan
Omar Khan Affridi