Middle Sexes: Redefining He and She
|Middle Sexes: Redefining He and She|
|Directed by||Antony Thomas|
|Narrated by||Gore Vidal|
|Theme music composer||Dimitri Tchamouroff|
|Country of origin||United States|
Carleen L. Hsu
|Running time||75 minutes|
Middle Sexes: Redefining He and She is a 2005 American television documentary film by Antony Thomas.
The documentary explores the issue of gender and sex, beginning with transgender women dancing at a nightclub. The murder of Gwen Araujo, a teenage transwoman is described in detail by the narrator. Several acquaintances had killed her after finding out that Gwen was born male because two of them had had sexual relations with her.
Two transwomen, Calpernia Addams and Andrea James, speak about the members of their community being brutally murdered for being transgender. Addams then tells the audience about her boyfriend, Barry Winchell, who was harassed and eventually murdered by a fellow soldier for dating a transsexual woman. James talks about her life as a lesbian transgender woman.
Max Beck, an Intersex person, tells the story of how he was born with ambiguous genitalia and then assigned female at birth. He was raised with many operations for which he did not know the reason until he found out that he was classified as a male pseudohermaphrodite at birth. He eventually transitioned to using the name Max and male pronouns, but still identifies as more an intersex person then a man. Max now is married with a daughter.
The next story told is about the intersex condition of Maria José Martínez-Patiño, a former Olympic hurdler, who was banned from competition after a test showed her to have XY (male) chromosomes. She eventually won her medals back and was allowed to compete as a woman after a long legal battle. There are no more chromosome tests in the Olympic Games, however, gender verification in sports remains contentious.
Next, eight-year-old Noah is introduced. Noah is biologically male and living as boy, but prefers things that are typically for girls. His father, mother, and step-father all share their concerns for Noah's future in their small midwestern town.
In a Dutch institute of brain research, they are trying to learn about the differences between sex and gender. They found differences in the brains of transsexuals from cisgender people of their birth sex.
In India, older teenage boys dance at weddings in a way that might get them labelled as homosexuals, and sometimes have sex, at other times. An Indian man, Vijay, and his wife are introduced. The fact that Vijay lives a double life with a male partner of twelve years is revealed. Vijay's wife doesn't know about this, and he feels guilty because he was forced into an arranged marriage. But in the Hindu religion, it was once consider natural to have a different sexuality until British colonization. India still have Hijra (South Asia), a group of people who are a type of third gender. They go through a now-illegal operation to remove their male genitalia.
In Bangkok, Thailand the audience meets a transsexual model who will be getting married soon. In Buddhism, it is believed everyone will be a transgender person at one point because they believe in reincarnation. More Thai transgender woman, called Kathoey, are introduced. One is in a relationship with a Texan man who was married and had children. The girl in her early twenties must support her mother and grandmother because her father is dead.
A story is told of heterosexual college men who were shown gay pornography. Their physical response was measured. Men who were considered homophobes were more aroused, but claimed they had no reaction. This then goes back to Gwen Araujo, who was killed by two men who were insecure about their sexualities because they had sexual relations with her. All of this supports the theory that people are more likely to get angry at sex, gender, and sexuality differences because they are insecure about their own sexuality or gender identity.
- Gore Vidal as Narrator
- Calpernia Addams as Herself
- Max Beck as Himself
- Milton Diamond as Himself (as Professor Milton Diamond)
- Alice Dreger as Herself (as Dr. Alice Dreger)
- Anne Fausto-Sterling as Herself
- Louis Gooren as Himself
- Andrea James as Herself
- Shivananda Khan as Himself
- James Pfaus asHimself (as Dr. James Pfaus)
- Joan Roughgarden as Herself
- A.W. Richard Sipe as Himself
- Gloria Wekker as Herself
Awards and honors
When airing in Sweden TV3, the title was given as Straight.