Minerva Mill, Ashton-under-Lyne

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Minerva Mill
Minerva Mill, Ashton-under-Lyne (1895) from scan.png
Minerva Mill (1895)
Minerva Mill, Ashton-under-Lyne is located in Greater Manchester
Minerva Mill, Ashton-under-Lyne
Location within Greater Manchester
Spinning (mule mill) and doubling
Serving canal Huddersfield Narrow Canal
Serving railway Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway
Owner Minerva Spinning Company Ltd.
Coordinates 53°28′56″N 2°05′18″W / 53.4823°N 2.0882°W / 53.4823; -2.0882Coordinates: 53°28′56″N 2°05′18″W / 53.4823°N 2.0882°W / 53.4823; -2.0882
Built 1891
Completed Feb 1892
Demolished 1937
Floor count 4
Other dimensions 283ft X
Main contractor E. J. Smethurst Oldham
Date 1892
Engine maker Daniel Adamsons
Engine type Twin triple expansion
rpm 55
Boiler configuration
Pressure 11.249 bar
Manufacturer John Hetherington and Sons,
Mule Frames 86,868 spindles(1892)
93,828 spindles(1903)
Medium counts
+22,000 doubling spindles (1920)
Haynes 1987, p. 48

Minerva Mill was a cotton spinning mill in Ashton-under-Lyne, Greater Manchester, England. It was built between 1891 and 1892 for the Minerva Spinning Company which was later known as the Ashton Syndicate. Minerva Mill was next to the later Texas mill, at Whitelands. It ceased spinning cotton in the 1920s and was demolished in 1937.


Minerva mill was built in a bend in the River Tame, close to the Huddersfield Narrow Canal, at Whitelands. It was at the end of Minerva Road.


The Minerva Spinning Company Limited was registered in 1891 to build the Minerva Mill at Whitelands. The directors were Messrs Barlow, Marland, Coop, Newton, Pollitt and Pownall; they were later referred to as the Ashton syndicate. The syndicate went on to build the Rock Mill, Atlas Mill, Curzon Mill, Tudor Mill, Cedar Mill and finally the adjoining Texas Mill. The Minerva Spinning Company went out of business in the 1920s.[1]


Plan of the card room.

It was designed by Sydney Stott. Four storeys over a basement.


The steam engine was a 1500 hp twin triple expansion engine by Daniel Adamsons, of Openshaw built in 1906. The cylinders were christened Capital and Labour. It had an 18 ft flywheel that operated at 75 rpm. The flywheel drove 40 ropes that transmitted the power to each floor. The cylinders all had Corliss valves. They had a 48in throw, the High pressure was 22 ½" in diameter, the intermediate was 34 in and the low pressure was 56in. The air pump was driven from the low pressure crosshead, there was a Saxon governor on the high pressure end of the bed.[2]


The mule frames were provided by John Hetherington and Sons Ltd. On startup here were 86,868 mule spindles spinning medium counts from American cotton, that was 40's twists and 65 wefts. By 1903, this had increased to 93828, and by 1920, 22,000 doubling spindles had been added.[3] In order to run these spindles in the spinning rooms, the cotton had to be prepared using openers, scutchers, carding engines.

Equipment in Minerva Mill
Number Machines Ratio
2 Vertical Openers and scutchers 1 : 43,434
4 Intermediate Scutchers 1 :21,717
93 Carding Engines 1 :934
63 finishing deliveries of drawing 1 :1,380
792 Slubbing spindles 1 :109.7
1716 Intermediate spindles 1 :50.6
6680 Roving spindles 1 :13
86,868 Mule spindles 1 :1



Minerva Mill was used for spinning fine counts of Egyptian cotton, both twists and weft.


  • The Ashton syndicate

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Haynes 1987, p. 481
  2. ^ Roberts 1921
  3. ^ Haynes 1987, p. 51
  4. ^ Nasmith 1895, p. 113

External links[edit]