Mohammad Shamsuzzoha

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Shaheed Shamsuzzoha
Shaheed samsuzzoha, university of rajshahi.JPG
Born 1934
Died February 18, 1969(1969-02-18) (aged 34)
Alma mater Rajshahi University
Occupation Teaching
Movement 1969 uprising in East Pakistan
Spouse(s) Nilufar Zoha

Shaheed Mohammad Shamsuzzoha (1934–1969) was a Bengali educator, professor and proctor at Rajshahi University. Shamsuzzoha was the first university teacher in erstwhile East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) who was killed by the Pakistani Military forces at the eve of 1969 revolution movement of East Pakistan, which ultimately became the Bangladesh Liberation War.

Early life[edit]

He was born in the district of Bankura in West Bengal, India. After the India partition, he migrated to erstwhile East Pakistan in 1950. He passed his matriculation exam in 1948 from Bankura Zilla School and passed ISc in 1950 from Bankura Christian College. He achieved BSc (honours) degree in Chemistry in 1953 and MSc in 1954 from Dhaka University. Mohammad Shamsuzzoha also participated bravely in the Bengali Language Movement during his university life. In 1964 he obtained his PhD degree from Imperial College London.[1][2]


At first Mohammad Shamsuzzoha joined Rajshahi University as a Development Officer in 1961 and on that year he also became lecturer in the Department of Chemistry. He was promoted as Reader of the Chemistry Department. On 1 May 1968 he received the Proctor post of the university.[2] He was the first university teacher who was martyred from 1947 to 1969.


Memorial Sculpture of Martyr Shamsuzzoha

Following the murder of Sergeant Zahurul haq in custody, one of the accused convict of Agartala Conspiracy Case on 15 February, the students of Rajshahi University started staging demonstration. On 17 February the students were injured by the Pakistani police. On the same day local administration imposed section 144 on Natore-Rajshahi Highway near to Rajshahi University. When the students violated the section, the Pakistani army was deployed to shoot the students, but Shamsuzzoha talked with them and urged them not to fire. When the tension grew, the army fired on Shamsuzzoha. He was taken to the hospital and died there.[3]


Mohammad Shamsuzzoha was buried on front of the administration building of Rajshahi University. His death added a new dimension in the anti-Ayub mass movement, as well as the fall of Ayub government was quickened. A student hall of the University of Rajshahi was named as Shaheed Shamsuzzoha Hall in commemoration of his highest sacrifice for the cause of the nation.[2]


  1. ^ After the partition of India he migrated to the East Bengal.,
  2. ^ a b c Murshed, Md Mahbub (2012). "Shamsuzzoha, Shaheed Mohammad". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  3. ^ "Dr Zoha first martyred intellectual". Retrieved 2017-08-02.