Mohammed Awale Liban

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Mohammed Awale Liban
محمد عوالة ليبان
Born Galkayo, Somalia
Nationality Somali
Occupation scholar

Hagi Mohammed Awale Liban (Somali: Maxamed Cawaale Liibaan, Arabic: محمد عوالة ليبان ‎‎) was a Somali scholar. He is noted for having designed the flag of Somalia in 1954.[1][2] Liban also later served as the Chief of Cabinet of the Presidency in the nascent Somali Republic.[3]

Awale was a nationalist who served in all Somali governments up until 1964. He maintained good relationships with the administration of Abdirashid Ali Shermarke and the Military Government of Siad Barre.[4]

Awale was ousted from Mogadishu as part of Clan Cleansin in Mogadishu by USC in 1991 for not being a clan member of USC rebel group under the command of Mohamed Farah Aididd. He was one of many scholars, elites and national figures who were targeted by USC.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ History of the flag
  2. ^ Maria Costantino, The Illustrated Flag Handbook, (Gramercy Books: 2001), p.185.
  3. ^ Peking Review (1965). "Keep Up Efforts for Success of 2nd African-Asian Conference". Peking Review. 8: cvi. Retrieved 2 November 2012. 
  4. ^ Awale. 2013 "Interview with Awale's Nephew in Washington, DC 2013" Check |url= value (help). 
  5. ^ Clan Cleansing in Somalia; The Ruinous Legacy of 1991. Scansom Publishers. 2012. ISBN 978-0-8122-4467-0.