Mohammed Awale Liban
|Mohammed Awale Liban
محمد عوالة ليبان
Hagi Mohammed Awale Liban (Somali: Maxamed Cawaale Liibaan, Arabic: محمد عوالة ليبان ) was a Somali scholar. He is noted for having designed the flag of Somalia in 1954. Liban also later served as the Chief of Cabinet of the Presidency in the nascent Somali Republic.
Awale was a nationalist who served in all Somali governments up until 1964. He maintained good relationships with the administration of Abdirashid Ali Shermarke and the Military Government of Siad Barre.
Awale was ousted from Mogadishu as part of Clan Cleansin in Mogadishu by USC in 1991 for not being a clan member of USC rebel group under the command of Mohamed Farah Aididd. He was one of many scholars, elites and national figures who were tragetted by USC.
- History of the flag
- Maria Costantino, The Illustrated Flag Handbook, (Gramercy Books: 2001), p.185.
- Peking Review (1965). "Keep Up Efforts for Success of 2nd African-Asian Conference". Peking Review. 8: cvi. Retrieved 2 November 2012.
- Awale. [http://allsbc.com/wareysi-wiil-uu-adeer-u-ahaa-maxamed-cawaale-liiban-oo-ka-hadlay-calanka/ 2013 "Interview with Awale's Nephew in Washington, DC 2013"] Check
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- Clan Cleansing in Somalia; The Ruinous Legacy of 1991. Scansom Publishers. 2012. ISBN 978-0-8122-4467-0.
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