Mohammed Awale Liban

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Mohammed Awale Liban
محمد عوالة ليبان
Born Galkayo, Somalia
Nationality Somali
Ethnicity Somali
Occupation scholar

Hagi Mohammed Awale Liban (Somali: Maxamed Cawaale Liibaan, Arabic: محمد عوالة ليبان ‎‎) was a Somali scholar. He is noted for having designed the flag of Somalia in 1954.[1][2] Liban also later served as the Chief of Cabinet of the Presidency in the nascent Somali Republic.[3]


Awale was a nationalist who served all Somali governments up till 1964. He maintained good relationships with the administration of Abdulrashid Sharmaarke and the Military Government of Syad Barre [4]

Awale was ousted from Mogadishu as part of Clan Cleansin inMogadishu by USC in 1991 for not being a clan member of USC rebel group under the command of Mohamed Farah Aididd. He was many scholars, elites and national figures who were tragetted by USC. [5]

See Also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ History of the flag
  2. ^ Maria Costantino, The Illustrated Flag Handbook, (Gramercy Books: 2001), p.185.
  3. ^ Peking Review (1965). "Keep Up Efforts for Success of 2nd African-Asian Conference". Peking Review. 8: cvi. Retrieved 2 November 2012. 
  4. ^ Awale. [http://allsbc.com/wareysi-wiil-uu-adeer-u-ahaa-maxamed-cawaale-liiban-oo-ka-hadlay-calanka/ 2013 "Interview with Awale's Nephew in Washington, DC 2013"] Check |url= value (help).  line feed character in |url= at position 92 (help)
  5. ^ Clan Cleansing in Somalia; The Ruinous Legacy of 1991. Scansom Publishers. 2012. ISBN 978-0-8122-4467-0.