Moisture recycling

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In hydrology, moisture recycling or precipitation recycling refer to the process by which a portion of the precipitated water that evapotranspired from a given area contributes to the precipitation over the same area. Moisture recycling is thus a component of the hydrologic cycle. The ratio of the locally derived precipitation () to total precipitation () is known as the recycling ratio, : .

The recycling ratio is a diagnostic measure of the potential for interactions between land surface hydrology and regional climate.[1] Land use changes, such as deforestation or agricultural intensification, have the potential to change the amount of precipitation that falls in a region. The recycling ratio for the entire world is one, and for a single point is zero. Estimates for the recycling ratio for the Amazon basin range from 24% to 56%, and for the Mississippi basin from 21% to 24%.[2]

The concept of moisture recycling has been integrated into the concept of the precipitationshed. A precipitationshed is the upwind ocean and land surface that contributes evaporation to a given, downwind location's precipitation. In much the same way that a watershed is defined by a topographically explicit area that provides surface runoff, the precipitationshed is a probabilistically defined area within which evaporation, traveling via moisture recycling, provides precipitation for a specific point.

The American Institute of Biological Sciences published a paper in support of this concept in 2009.[3] It also has been proposed, in the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, that evaporation rates from forested areas may exceed that of the oceans, creating zones of low pressure, which enhance the development of storms and rainfall through atmospheric moisture recycling.[4]

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  1. ^ [1] Archived March 11, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Moisture recycling Archived January 16, 2006, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Sheil, Douglas, and Daniel Murdiyarso (2009). "How forests attract rain: an examination of a new hypothesis" (PDF). BioScience. 59 (4): 341+. doi:10.1525/bio.2009.59.4.12. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-03-19. 
  4. ^ A. M. Makarieva; V. G. Gorshkov; D. Sheil; A. D. Nobre & B.-L. Li (2013). "Where do winds come from? A new theory on how water vapor condensation influences atmospheric pressure and dynamics" (PDF). Atmos. Chem. Phys. 13: 1039–1056. doi:10.5194/acp-13-1039-2013.