Republic Monument

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Republic Monument
Cumhuriyet Anıtı
Taksim Square 2012.jpg
The Republic Monument
Coordinates 41°02′13″N 28°59′06″E / 41.03694°N 28.98500°E / 41.03694; 28.98500Coordinates: 41°02′13″N 28°59′06″E / 41.03694°N 28.98500°E / 41.03694; 28.98500
Location Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey
Designer Pietro Canonica
Material Bronze figures in marble structure
Height 11 m (36 ft)
Opening date August 8, 1928
Dedicated to the foundation of the Turkish Republic
Monument at night

The Republic Monument (Turkish: Cumhuriyet Anıtı) is a notable monument located at Taksim Square in Istanbul, Turkey to commemorate the formation of the Turkish Republic in 1923. Built in two and half years with financial support from the population and unveiled by Dr. Hakkı Şinasi Pasha on August 8, 1928, it was designed by Italian sculptor Pietro Canonica.[1]

The 11 m (36 ft) high monument portrays the founders of the Turkish Republic, prominent are depictions of Kemal Atatürk, who commissioned the work, his assistant İsmet İnönü, and Fevzi Çakmak. The monument has two sides, the side facing northward depicts Atatürk at an earlier period and the other one facing Istiklal Caddesi has Atatürk and his comrades dressed in modern, western-European clothing, symbolizing him in both his roles, as military commander-in-chief and as statesman.

Mikhail Frunze, an important leader of the October Revolution, and Kliment Voroshilov, a Marshal of the Soviet Union,[2] are among the group behind Atatürk. Their presence in the monument, ordered by Atatürk, points out to the military aid given by Vladimir Lenin during the Turkish War of Independence in 1920.

Cumhuriyet Anıtı is an important site, where official ceremonies on national holidays are being held.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Prof. Dr. Pietro Canonica (1869 - 1962)" (in Turkish). Kim Kimdir?. 
  2. ^ Muhsin Öztürk, "Anıttaki “gizli” Rus", Aksiyon, Sayı: 270, February 5, 2000.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Monument of the Republic, Istanbul at Wikimedia Commons