Motru

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Motru
View over the city from Motru Hills
View over the city from Motru Hills
Motru is located in Romania
Motru
Motru
Location of Motru
Coordinates: 44°48′13″N 22°58′15″E / 44.80361°N 22.97083°E / 44.80361; 22.97083Coordinates: 44°48′13″N 22°58′15″E / 44.80361°N 22.97083°E / 44.80361; 22.97083
Country Romania
CountyGorj County
StatusMunicipality
Government
 • MayorGigel Jianu (National Liberal Party)
Area
 • Total50.09 km2 (19.34 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total18,142
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
215200
Websitehttp://www.primariamotru.ro/

Motru (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈmotru]) is a city in Romania, Gorj County.

Motru is situated on the river of the same in western Oltenia. The county capital Târgu Jiu is located about 35 km northeast. The city administers eight villages: Dealu Pomilor, Horăști, Însurăței, Leurda, Lupoița, Ploștina, Roșiuța and Râpa.

History[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1977 15,998—    
1992 26,626+66.4%
2002 25,860−2.9%
2011 18,142−29.8%
Source: Census data

Motru was created by an administrative decision on the day of 24 May 1966 on the territory of the former Ploștina commune, which, together with seven other villages, became part of the new city. The reason behind the decision to create a city was the development of several coal deposits.

The region is at least since the time of the Roman Empire inhabited, in Leurda in 1964, some silver coins from the era of Emperor Septimius Severus (193-211) were found. The oldest documented settlement in the territory of present-day town Ploștina (1385 is mentioned).

The Dacian town Amutria is mentioned in ancient sources like Ptolemy's Geographia (c. 150 AD) and Tabula Peutingeriana (2nd century AD), and potentially placed here.[1] The name is homonymous with the ancient name of Motru river.[1] After the Roman conquest of Dacia, Amutria was part of an important road network, between Drubetis and Pelendava.

In 1981, Motru was the site of riots from miners who were working in the mines of the city. The riots, which took place between 17 and 19 October of that year, were triggered by poor work conditions, tight control of legislative organizations and the general exhaustion of the miners, further exacerbated by a decree that limited consumption of bread only to the dwellers of the city. During the riots, Emil Bobu visited the city, where he was attacked by angry crowds with potatoes; when he returned to Bucharest, he ordered the army to intervene in the city after 2 days of protests from the local populace. At the time, the inexpensive Motru bread attracted many workers and farmers into the city, who carried the bread loafs in sacks and arrived in the town by local trains known as "trains of hunger". Nowdays the bread factory is in ruins.[2]

Present[edit]

In today's incorporated villages were partially free farmers, others were in the monastery Tismana submissive.

Motru was declared a municipiu in 2000.

Mining is the city's main industry; agriculture and livestock are also important, especially in its attached villages.

At the 2011 census, the population was 18,142, including 17,988 Romanians, 38 Hungarians, 83 Roma and 3 Germans.

Transportation[edit]

Motru has a rail connection on a route leading from Strehaia, which was put into operation in 1962. Several times a day commuter trains travel to Craiova. In addition, there are bus connections in the district capital of Târgu Jiu. Motru is on the National Road 67 from Drobeta Turnu Severin to Râmnicu Vâlcea.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Schütte, Gudmund (1917). Ptolemy's maps of northern Europe: a reconstruction of the prototypes. Copenhagen: H. Hagerup.