Germans of Romania

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Germans in Romania
Rumäniendeutsche
Total population
(36,884 (2011 census) [1])
Regions with significant populations
Central and North East Romania (Eastern carpathians)
Languages
mainly German in the dialects or variants such as Swabian German and the Transylvanian Saxon dialect as well as Standard German (native language/mother tongue)
also Romanian (official/national language for formal and commercial purposes to all fellow Romanian countrymen (especially native ethnic Romanians and other minority ethnic groups of non-German origin) as well as medium of communication amongst the current majority of the younger and older generations of the ethnic minority and also the first language of today's generation of ethnic Germans, being majority monolingual Romanian speakers including those whom confessed to be bilingual).
Religion
Lutheranism and Roman Catholicism
Germans in Romania (2002 census)

The Germans of Romania or Rumäniendeutsche are an ethnic group of Romania. They were of a number of 786,000 of Germans in interwar Romania in 1939,[1][2] a number that had fallen to 36,884 by 2011 in modern Romania. They are not a single group; thus, to understand their language, culture, and history, one must view them as independent groups:

See Democratic Forum of Germans in Romania for their official representation.

House of Hohenzollern in Romania[edit]

Members of the German family of Hohenzollern who ruled over Romania for a period:

Notable communities for the German minority (at least 1%)[edit]

Education[edit]

There is a German school in Bucharest, Deutsche Schule Bukarest.

Notable German-Romanians[edit]

Expulsion of Germans from Romania after World War II[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1887 50,000 —    
1930 745,421 +1390.8%
1948 343,913 −53.9%
1956 384,708 +11.9%
1966 382,595 −0.5%
1977 359,109 −6.1%
1992 119,462 −66.7%
2002 59,764 −50.0%
2011 36,042 −39.7%
Starting with the 1930 figures, the reference is to all German-speaking groups in Romania.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dr. Gerhard Reichning, Die deutschen Vertriebenen in Zahlen, Teil 1, Bonn 1995, Page 17
  2. ^ Die deutschen Vertreibungsverluste. Bevölkerungsbilanzen für die deutschen Vertreibungsgebiete 1939/50. Herausgeber: Statistisches Bundesamt – Wiesbaden. - Stuttgart: Verlag W. Kohlhammer, 1958 Page 46