Mount McDuffie

Coordinates: 37°04′25″N 118°38′38″W / 37.0735254°N 118.6439192°W / 37.0735254; -118.6439192
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Mount McDuffie
Northeast aspect
Highest point
Elevation13,291 ft (4,051 m)[1]
Prominence682 ft (208 m)[2]
Parent peakBlack Giant (13,330 ft)[3]
Isolation1.99 mi (3.20 km)[3]
ListingSierra Peaks Section
Coordinates37°04′25″N 118°38′38″W / 37.0735254°N 118.6439192°W / 37.0735254; -118.6439192[1]
Mount McDuffie is located in California
Mount McDuffie
Mount McDuffie
Location in California
Mount McDuffie is located in the United States
Mount McDuffie
Mount McDuffie
Mount McDuffie (the United States)
LocationKings Canyon National Park
Fresno County
California, U.S.
Parent rangeSierra Nevada
Black Divide[2]
Topo mapUSGS Mount Goddard
Type of rockmetamorphic rock
First ascentJuly 23, 1951
Easiest routeclass 2[3]

Mount McDuffie is a 13,291-foot-elevation (4,051-meter) mountain summit located west of the crest of the Sierra Nevada mountain range, in Fresno County of central California, United States.[1] This peak is situated in northern Kings Canyon National Park, 1.9 miles (3.1 km) northwest of The Citadel, and two miles south of Black Giant, which is the nearest higher neighbor.[2] McDuffie ranks as the 93rd highest summit in California,[3] and the second-highest point on Black Divide.[2] Topographic relief is significant as it rises nearly 4,900 feet (1,500 meters) above Le Conte Canyon in approximately 2.5 miles. An approach to this remote peak is made possible via the John Muir Trail.


This mountain's name honors Duncan McDuffie (1877–1951), to commemorate his interest in the national parks and his work as a conservationist.[1] He was also an accomplished mountaineer in the Sierra Nevada, having made first ascents of Mount Abbot, Bear Creek Spire, and Black Kaweah. Along with James S. Hutchinson and Joseph Nisbet LeConte, he pioneered a high alpine route in 1908 from Yosemite National Park to Kings Canyon, roughly along the route of what would become the John Muir Trail. He served as President of the Sierra Club from 1928 to 1931, and again from 1943 to 1946. The name was officially adopted in 1953 by the United States Board on Geographic Names.[1]

The first ascent of the summit was made July 23, 1951, by Charles Bays Locker, Karl Hufbauer, and Alfred Elkin via the north ridge.[4]


Established climbing routes:[5]

  • North Ridge – class 2 – First ascent July 23, 1951
  • Southeast Ridge – class 2-3 – July 15, 1952, by Charles Bays Locker, Karl Hufbauer, Don Albright, Gary Hufbauer
  • Northwest Slope and West Ridge – class 3 – August 1971, by Dave Gladstone
  • West Chute – class 3 – August 2, 1974, by Bob Rockwell
  • Southwest Ridge – class 2 – August 10, 1989, by Dave Helphrey, Ron Robson, Reiner Stenzel


Mount McDuffie is located in an alpine climate zone.[6] Most weather fronts originate in the Pacific Ocean, and travel east toward the Sierra Nevada mountains. As fronts approach, they are forced upward by the peaks, causing them to drop their moisture in the form of rain or snowfall onto the range (orographic lift). Precipitation runoff from this mountain drains into tributaries of the Middle Fork Kings River.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Mount McDuffie". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior. Retrieved 2021-06-05.
  2. ^ a b c d "Mount McDuffie, California". Retrieved 2021-06-05.
  3. ^ a b c d "McDuffie, Mount - 13,282' CA". Retrieved 2021-06-05.
  4. ^ Alan M. Hedden and David R. Brower, A Climber’s Guide to the High Sierra (1954)
  5. ^ R. J. Secor, The High Sierra Peaks, Passes, Trails, 2009, Third Edition, Mountaineers Books, ISBN 9781594857386, page 277.
  6. ^ "Climate of the Sierra Nevada". Encyclopædia Britannica.

External links[edit]