Mubarak Ali Khan II

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Mubarak Ali Khan II
Nawab Nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa (Nawab of Bengal)
Shuja-ul-Mulk (Hero of the Country)
Ihtisham-ud-Daulla (Victor in War)
Humayun Jah (Of Auspicious Rank)
Feroze Jang (Dignifier of the Country)
Nawab Nazim Humayun Jah.jpg
Nawab Nazim Mubarak Ali Khan (popularly known as "Humayun Jah")
Reign 31 October 1824 – 3 October 1838
Coronation 23 December 1824
Predecessor Ahmad Ali Khan
Successor Mansur Ali Khan
Born 29 September 1810
Died 3 October 1838 (aged 28)
Burial Jafarganj Cemetery
Wives
  • Rais un-Nisa Begum
  • Ashraf un-Nisa Begum
  • Mubarak Mahal Sahiba (mut'ah wife)
  • Umdat un-Nisa Begum
Issue

Mansur Ali Khan
Wahid Hussaib Khan Bahadur
Sultana Ghetiara Begum

and

a daughter who died before 1837.
Dynasty Najafi
Father Ahmad Ali Khan
Mother Najib un-Nisa Begum
Religion Shia Islam

Sayyid Mubarak Ali Khan II, popularly known as Humayun Jah (1810 – 1838), was born on 29 September 1810 to Ahmad Ali Khan and Nazib un-Nisa Begum. He was the Nawab of Bengal from 1824 to 1838. He was succeeded by Mansur Ali Khan. He built the famous and renowned Hazarduari Palace and Mubarak Manzil in Murshidabad. Nawab Nazim Humayun Jah died on 3 October 1838.[1][2]

Life[edit]

Early years[edit]

Mubarak Ali Khan was the only son of Ahmad Ali Khan. He succeeded his father after he died in 1824 under the titles of Humayun Jah (Of Auspicious Rank), Shuja ul-Mulk (Hero of the Country), Ihtisham ud-Daulah (Victor in War) and Feroz-e-Jang (Dignifier of the Country).[1]

Reign as a Nawab[edit]

In 1826 he went to Patna for a change in the dewanship and when he attained his majority he took the management in his own hands, with the plan to dismiss Raja Ganga Dhar from the Nizamat Dewanship.

An old photo of the Moti Mahal of Mubaraq Manzil seen with the black throne.

At Findall Bagh (now known as Mubarak Manzil) the Courts of Justice of the East India Company was erected, however, it was unused after the administration of law and justice was removed to Calcutta. The Sadar Dewani Adalat (courts or darbars) were held here from 1765 to 1781 until it was removed to Calcutta. Subsequently, the Civil and Criminal Courts (which were located here) was transferred by Lord Cornwallis in 1793 by transferring the Supreme court to Calcutta. This spacious property of Findall Bagh was abandoned. There were also three buildings on this spacious property.

In May 1830 Nawab Humayun Jah bought this property from Raja Kissen Chand Bahadur and Kumar Chand of Nashipur for an amount of 35,000. He transformed the property into a pleasure garden and erected the Moti Mahal (also known as the Red Bunglow) here, he named the garden Mubarak Manzil.[1][3][4]

On the terrace in front of Moti Mahal stood the Royal Throne (black throne) used by the Nawab "Nazims" of Bengal from the time of Shah Shuja. It was brought here by Nawab Nazim Humayun Jah. This Royal Throne is round in shape and is made up of black stone. The throne is 6 feet (72 inches) in diameter and 1.5 feet (18 inches) high. It was made at Mongyer, Bihar by Khwaja Nazar of Bokhara in 1643 AD. Robert Clive placed Mir Jafar on this throne at Mansurganj after the Battle of Plassey in 1757 AD. Clive to sat on it side-by-side with Najimuddin Ali Khan at Motijhil when celebrating the pooneath after the acquisition of the Dewani by the East India Company. The throne is now kept in Victoria Museum, Kolkata.[1]

The grand Hazarduari Palace illuminated at night.

Death and succession[edit]

Nawab Nazim Humayun Jah died on 3 October 1838 and was succeeded by his son, Mansur Ali Khan.[1][5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Information on Nawab Nazim Humayun Jah". Murshidabad.net. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  2. ^ Indian records (1870). Indian records, with a commercial view of the relations between the British government and the nawabs nazim of Bengal, Bihar and Odisha. G. Bubb. 
  3. ^ Humayun Mirza (1 August 2002). From Plassey to Pakistan. University Press of America. p. 68. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  4. ^ Sir William Wilson Hunter (1908). Imperial Gazetteer of India ... Clarendon Press. p. 57. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  5. ^ John Henry Tull Walsh (1902). A history of Murshidabad District (Bengal). Jarrold. p. 261. 

External links[edit]

Mubarak Ali Khan II
Born: 29 September 1810 Died: October 3, 1838
Preceded by
Ahmad Ali Khan
Nawab of Bengal
1824–1838
Succeeded by
Mansur Ali Khan