Garcinia dulcis

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Garcinia dulcis
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Blad en vrucht van de Xanthochymus dulcis roxb moendoe TMnr 3401-1683.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Clusiaceae
Genus: Garcinia
Species: G. dulcis
Binomial name
Garcinia dulcis
(Roxb.) Kurz

Garcinia dulcis also called Mundu, Rata or Maphuut is a tropical fruit tree native to Indonesia, which can also be found in Papua New Guinea and Sulawesi. The tree is harvested from the wild as a local source of food, medicine or dyeing material and is sometimes cultivated for its fruit, which is occasionally sold locally. Garcinia dulcis is not grown commercially.

Description[edit]

Garcinia dulcisis an evergreen tree with horizontal branches and a dense, pyramidal crown. It can grow up to 15 metres tall and has a short, straight trunk, which can develop to a size of 30cm in diameter. The tree grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range of 22 - 30°c and is well adapted to shade and humid conditions. Flowering usually occurs twice a year after long periods of drought.

Uses[edit]

The orange coloured fruits can be eaten fresh; they contain a sour, juicy pulp, which can be preserved into jam. Green dye can be obtained from the bark, when mixed with indigo it gives a brown colour which is used to dye mats. From the unripe fruits a yellow dye, called gamboge, can be extracted, but is considered inferior to other dyes from members of the same genus like Garcinia xanthochymus. Garcinia dulcis also has medicanal purposes; it can be used for the treatment of wounds or scurvy.

References[edit]

"PLANTS Profile for Garcinia dulcis". USDA Plants Database. Retrieved 2007-11-12. 

"Garcinia dulcis specimens". Tropicos.org. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2015-02-06. 

"Garcinia dulcis". Useful Tropical Plants Database. Retrieved 2016-05-14.