Mursili I

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Mursili I
Title King of the Hittites
Successor Hantili I
Spouse(s) Kali[1][2]
Parent(s) Ḫaštayara
Relatives Ḫarapšili (sister)

Mursili I (sometimes transcribed as Murshili) was a king of the Hittites ca. 1556–1526 BC (short chronology), and was likely a grandson of his predecessor, Hattusili I. His sister was Ḫarapšili and his wife was queen Kali.[3][4]

Mursili come to the throne as a minor. Having reached adulthood, he renewed Hattusili I's warfare in northern Syria.[5] He conquered the kingdom of Yamhad and its capital, Aleppo, which had eluded Hattusli. He then led an unprecedented march of 2000 km south into the heart of Mesopotamia, where in 1531 BC he sacked the city of Babylon. Mursili's motivation for attacking Babylon remain unclear, though William Broad has proposed that the reason were obtaining grain because the clouds from the Thera eruption decreased the Hittites' harvests.[6]

The raid on Babylon brought an end to the Amorite dynasty of Hammurabi but did not result in Hittite control over Babylonia, but allowed the Kassites to take power.

When Mursili returned to his kingdom, he was assassinated in a conspiracy led by his brother-in-law, Hantili I (who took the throne), and Hantili's son-in-law, Zidanta I. His death inaugurated a period of social unrest and decay of central rule, followed by the loss of the conquests made in Syria.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gojko Barjamović, A Historical Geography of Anatolia in the Old Assyrian Colony Period.
  2. ^ Yoram Cohen, Amir Gilan and Jared L. Miller, Pax Hethitica: Studies on the Hittites and Their Neighbours in Honour of Itamar Singer.
  3. ^ Shoshana R. Bin-Nun, The Tawananna in the Hittite kingdom. Online version.
  4. ^ Margalit Finkelberg, Greeks And Pre-Greeks: Aegean Prehistory And Greek Heroic Tradition.
  5. ^ Bryce, The Kingdom of the Hittites, 101f.
  6. ^ Broad, William J. "It Swallowed a Civilization. " New York Times, D1. 21 October 2003.
  • Reign of Mursili I
  • Trevor Bryce, The Kingdom of the Hittites, Oxford: University Press (1998)
Preceded by
Hattusili I
Hittite king
ca. 1556–1526 BC
Succeeded by
Hantili I