Muscogee, Florida, is a ghost town located twenty miles northwest of Pensacola, Florida, in Escambia County, along the Perdido River, in the United States. Named after the Muscogee Lumber Company, formed by Georgia lumber men, the European-American town was founded in 1857 by a group of lumbermen to harvest timber from the surrounding pine forests. They and the following company clearcut the timber, and once the forests were gone, lumbering was ended in this area.
In 1889 Southern States Land and Lumber Company bought the founding company. They had pines brought to the mills from Florida and Alabama by river, oxcart and rail. The company had five locomotives and seventy cars; it built approximately 50 miles of logging railroad and spur track. Its tugboat worked on the Perdido River, maneuvering logbooms. At the peak of production, the logging camps and associated four lumber mills employed over 1,000 men from the area. The town had a Southern States commissary and other stores, and schools to serve the children of the families.
In one year, the company exported 60 million feet of lumber: 13 million feet to the eastern United States, and the remainder to markets nations of Central and South America, the West Indies, Europe and Africa. Businessmen stayed at the hotel or boarding houses in town, which was served by the Louisville and Nashville Railroad and the Pensacola, Alabama, and Tennessee Railroad.
In 1925 Southern States began to liquidate its holdings. It abandoned the mills, and in 1928 sold the town and surrounding 2300 acres to B.C. Davis, a land owner and turpentine operator from DeFuniak Springs. At the time, the town had a population of 300 to 400. Gradually the residents moved away to other places where there was work and a future.
Notable residents and natives
- Jackie Cochran, aviator, was born in Muscogee in 1906.
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