Lesser mouse-eared bat

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Lesser mouse-eared bat
Myotis blythii 02.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Chiroptera
Family: Vespertilionidae
Genus: Myotis
Species:
M. blythii
Binomial name
Myotis blythii
Tomes, 1857
Map showing distribution of species from southern Europe east into the western Himalayas
Myotis blythii distribution
Synonyms
  • Myotis oxygnathus Monticelli, 1885

The lesser mouse-eared bat (Myotis blythii) is a species of insectivorous bat in the family Vespertilionidae.

Distribution[edit]

Lesser mouse-eared bats can be found in the following countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Austria, Bulgaria [2], China, Croatia, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Mongolia, Pakistan, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkmenistan, and Ukraine.

Threats[edit]

The species is decreasing in population due to the pollution and changes in land management. Construction noise has disturbed populations in southern Spain; the population in Andalusia decreased from 30,000 to 14,000 between 1994 and 2002. Herders in Syria and Turkey light fires at cave mouths for their livestock disturbing the bats.[1]

Conservation[edit]

It is protected in most of Europe by Bonn and Berne Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats. The species requires special measures including construction of designated areas, which are provided by Special Areas for Conservation. Natura 2000 is also protecting the species. In some European countries, the caves are closed with fences so that visitors do not disturb them.[1]

Characteristics[edit]

Lesser mouse-eared bat flying

These large-sized bats are around 62–70 millimetres (2.4–2.8 in) long and weigh around 16–26 grams (0.56–0.92 oz).[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Juste, J. & Paunović, M. (2016). "Myotis blythii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T14124A22053297. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-2.RLTS.T14124A22053297.en.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ "Myotis blythii", Science for Nature Foundation, date
  3. ^ Lesser Mouse-Eared Bat Archived 2008-05-21 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]