Nájera

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Nájera
Skyline of Nájera
Official seal of Nájera
Seal
Nájera is located in La Rioja (Spain)
Nájera
Nájera
Nájera is located in Spain
Nájera
Nájera
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 42°25′N 2°44′W / 42.417°N 2.733°W / 42.417; -2.733
Country  Spain
Autonomous community La Rioja (Spain) La Rioja
Comarca Nájera
Government
 • Mayor Jonás Olarte (PSOE)
Area
 • Total 37.44 km2 (14.46 sq mi)
Elevation 485 m (1,591 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 8,404
 • Density 220/km2 (580/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Najerinos or Najerenses
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CET (UTC+2)
Website Official website

Nájera (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈna.xe.ɾa]) is a small town, former bishopric and now Latin Catholic titular see, former capital of the Kingdom of Navarre, located in the "Rioja Alta" region of La Rioja, northern Spain, on the river Najerilla. Nájera is a stopping point on the Way of St James.

History[edit]

The area attracted the Romans, who built the town of Tritium on land which now falls within the boundaries of Nájera and the neighbouring municipality of Tricio. Subsequently, the area was under Muslim rule and the name Nájera (Naxara meaning "town between the rocks") is of Arabic origin.

The town, while still an Islamic possession is the location of the legendary 3-day struggle between Roland, one of Charlemagne's nobles and the Islamic giant Ferragut.[1]

The town was conquered by Ordoño II of Leon for Navarre in 923. Nájera was the capital city of the kingdom of Navarre until it was conquered by Castile in 1054 after the battle of Atapuerca. However, it continued to be multi-cultural. For example, in 1142 the French abbot Peter the Venerable used his visit to Spain to commission translations of important Islamic works, including the first translation of the Qur'an into a European language, and it has been suggested he met with his four translators at Nájera.

From the tenth century, Nájera had a prosperous Jewish community, which was granted relatively favorable legal status after the Christian conquest.

Edward, the Black Prince fought in the Battle of Nájera in 1367, intervening in a Castilian Civil War on behalf of Pedro of Castile.

See also Najara family, a Sephardic Jewish family, originally from Najera.

Ecclesiastical History[edit]

Episcopal Ordinaries[edit]

(all Roman Rite)

Suffragan Bishops of Nájera
  • Gómez (1046 – 1064)
  • Munio (1065 – 1080)
  • Sancho (1080 – 1087)
  • Sigefredo (1088 – 1089)
  • Pedro (1089 – 1109)
  • Sancho de Grañón (1109 – 1116)
  • Sancho de Funes (1118 – 1146)
  • Rodrigo de Cascante (1146 – 1170); later Bishop of successor see Calahorra (1170 – 1190)

Titular see[edit]

The diocese was nominally restored in 1969 as Latin Titular bishopric of Naiera (Curiate Italian and Latin; Latin adjective Naiaren(sis) / Nájera (Spanish).

It has had the following incumbents, so far of the fitting Episcopal (lowest) rank :

  • Patrick Vincent Ahern (1970.02.03 – death 2011.03.19) as Auxiliary Bishop of Archdiocese of New York (USA) (1970.02.03 – retired 1994.04.26) and on emeritate
  • Timothée Bodika Mansiyai, Sulpicians (P.S.S.) (2012.02.02 – 2016.11.19) as Auxiliary Bishop of Archdiocese of Kinshasa (Congo-Kinshasa) (2012.02.02 – 2016.11.19); later Bishop of Kikwit (Congo-Kinshasa) (2016.11.19 – ...)
  • Bernard Edward "Ned" Shlesinger III (2017.07.19 - ) as Auxiliary Bishop of Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Atlanta (USA)

Main sites[edit]

The church of Santa María la Real was founded by García Sánchez III of Pamplona in 1052. It is the burial-place of kings of Navarre. The monks had to abandon the annexed monastic complex in the 19th century, as a result of the anti-clerical reforms of Juan Álvarez Mendizábal.

Other sights include :

  • Bridge on the Najerilla river, rebuilt on Roman bridge foundations in 1090 by San Juan de Ortega and remade in 1880 [2]
  • Excavations of the Alcázar (Moorish fort), abandoned in the 16th century
  • Monastery of Valvanera, 33 kilometres (21 miles) from the town, built in the 11th century, but restored in Gothic style in the 15th century as it became a residence of queen Isabella I of Castile (Isabella of Spain).
  • Convent of St. Helena (18th century)
  • Najerillense Museum.

See also[edit]

Sources and external links[edit]

  1. ^ Gitlitz & Davidson, The Pilgrimage Road to Santiago: The Complete Cultural Handbook, 2000, St Martin's Press, ISBN 0-312-25416-4
  2. ^ Gitlitz & Davidson, The Pilgrimage Road to Santiago: The Complete Cultural Handbook, 2000, St Martin's Press, ISBN 0-312-25416-4