National Universities Commission
The National Universities Commission (NUC) of Nigeria is a government commission promoting quality higher education in Nigeria. It is located in the capital city of Abuja. The Commission was established in 1962 as an advisory agency in the Cabinet Office. In 1974, it became a statutory body and its first Executive Secretary was Professor Jibril Aminu. It is currently part of the Federal Ministry of Education and is a parastatal (government-owned corporation).
The Commission has a Governing Council, currently headed by Professor Shehu Galadanchi and its Executive Secretary is Prof. Abubakar Rasheed, who assumed office on August 3, 2016. Since its establishment, the Commission has transformed from a small office in the Cabinet Office to an important arm of government in the area of development and management of university education in Nigeria.
The National Universities Commission or NUC as it is sometimes called in Nigeria began operations in 1962. It came into being as one of the recommendations of the Ashby Commission which also recommended creation of new federal universities. NUC initially operated as a supervisory body in the development of university education in Nigeria. At inception, NUC was created by executive action and was initially placed under the Cabinet's Office. The pioneer chairman was the Emir of Yauri, Alhaji Tukur who was succeeded by Rotimi Williams. During the early period of operation, performing the objectives of the organization was hampered by the legal structure of its foundation, as NUC was a non-statutory body within the Cabinet's Office while university education during the First Republic was within the concurrent list. After the military came to power in 1966, NUC was empowered to conduct coordination activities within the federal university system. In 1974, a new legislation restructured NUC to become fully a statutory body headed by an Executive Secretary.
Under Jubril Aminu as secretary, NUC established an overseas office to coordinate recruitment of staff for newly established universities. Between 1975 and 1998, NUC's involvement in the administration of universities gradually grew, it became influential in the appointment of Vice-Chancellors, members of university governing councils and managed the establishment of new faculties and course offerings. In 1985, it was saddled with additional responsibilities to set minimum academic standards and inspect and vet course offerings in universities. In 1999, a new democratic government granted some autonomy to universities governing councils.
- Advice executive on the financial needs of universities.
- Coordinate the development of universities in Nigeria.
- Allocate and disburse federal grants and external aids to universities.
- Research and advice executive on topics relating to higher education development in Nigeria.
- Advice executive on creation of degree granting institutions.
- Advice government on creation of faculties within Nigerian universities
|Okoi Arikpo||1962 - 1969|
|Jubril Aminu||1975 1979|
|Abel Guobadia (acting)||1979 - 1981|
|Yahaya Aliyu||1981 - 1986|
|Idris Abdulkadir||1986 - 1996|
|Munzali Jibril||1996 - 1999|
|Peter Okebukola||1999 - 2006|
|Julius Okojie||2006 - 2016|
|Abubakar Rasheed||2016 -|
In 2002, NUC conducted an accreditation and quality survey and ranking of state and federal universities. The organization has established as electronic network to link research activities within universities to one another.
- Granting approval for all academic programmes run in Nigerian universities;
- Granting approval for the establishment of all higher educational institutions offering degree programmes in Nigerian universities;
- Ensure quality assurance of all academic programmes offered in Nigerian universities; and
- Channel for all external support to the Nigerian universities.
- "Supplement on NUC". The Nigerian Economist. 1: I–XI. March 1987. eISSN 0794-9693.
- Kolinsky, Martin (1987-03-01). "Universities and the British aid programme: the case of Nigeria during the 1970s". Higher Education. 16 (2): 199–219. doi:10.1007/BF00139043. ISSN 1573-174X.
- Ibijola; Yinka, Elizabeth (2014). "Accreditation Role of the National Universities Commission and the Quality of the Educational Inputs into Nigerian University System". Universal Journal of Educational Research. 2 (9): 648–654. ISSN 2332-3205.
- O., Egwaikhide, Festus (2009). Federal presence in Nigeria : the 'sung' and 'unsung' basis for ethnic grievance. Isumonah, Victor A., Ayodele, Olumide S. Dakar, Senegal: Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa. p. 59. ISBN 9782869783966. OCLC 646835837.
- Strassner, Erich; Hartnett, Teresa A.; Saint, William (2003-09-01). "Higher Education in Nigeria: A Status Report". Higher Education Policy. 16 (3): 259–281. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.111.7560. doi:10.1057/palgrave.hep.8300021. ISSN 1740-3863.
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