Council of Nationalist-Religious Activists of Iran

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Council of Nationalist-Religious Activists of Iran
Spokesperson Mohammad Bastenegar
Founder Ezatollah Sahabi[1]
Founded 2000; 17 years ago (2000)[1]
Legalized Banned[1]
Split from Freedom Movement[1]
Headquarters Tehran, Iran[2]:81
Newspaper Iran Farda Magazine[2]:81
Ideology Religious Nationalism[2]:83
Iranian nationalism
Islamic democracy[2]:83
Social democracy[2]:81
Political position Centre-left[2]:83
Religion Islam
International affiliation None
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Website (Unofficial)

The Council of Nationalist-Religious Activists of Iran (Persian: شورای فعالان ملی-مذهبی ایران‎, translit. Showra-ye Fa'alan-e Melli Mazhabi‎) or The Coalition of National-Religious Forces of Iran (Persian: ائتلاف نيروهای ملی-مذهبی ایران‎, translit. E'telaf-e Niruha-ye Melli-Mazhabi‎) is an Iranian political group, described as "nonviolent, religious semi-opposition"[2]:79 with a following of mainly middle class, intellectual, representatives of technical professions, students and technocrats.[2]:81


The group shares the Freedom Movement of Iran's pro-democracy stance but favores welfare-state economics, instead of a free-market model, and holds a more critical view toward the West in their foreign policy.[3]

According to Human Rights Watch, it is a "loosely knit group of activists who favor political reform and who advocate the implementation of constitutional provisions to uphold the rule of law. The grouping, which has no formal structure, came together to contest the parliamentary elections of 2000".[4] It is also described as "a collection of liberals and social democrats with active Islamic feminists among its members".[5]

According to Taghi Rahmani, the group "believes that religion should serve civil society. It also believes that all Iranians have equal rights, and that they should be seen as equal citizens despite their different viewpoints."[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Amir Arjomand, Said (2009), After Khomeini: Iran Under His Successors, Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 99, ISBN 0199745765 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Buchta, Wilfried (2000), Who rules Iran?: the structure of power in the Islamic Republic, Washington DC: The Washington Institute for Near East Policy, The Konrad Adenauer Stiftung, ISBN 0-944029-39-6 
  3. ^ Mohammad Ali Kadivar (2013), "Alliances and Perception Profiles in the Iranian Reform Movement, 1997 to 2005", American Sociological Review, American Sociological Association, 78 (6): 1063–1086, doi:10.1177/0003122413508285 
  4. ^ Canada: Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada, Iran: Information on the Nehzate Melli Mazhabi, also known as the Melli Mazhabi group, the Nezehzat Melli Committee, or the National Religious Alliance (NRA), including treatment of its supporters and their friends and family members, 17 April 2003, IRN41272.E, available at: [accessed 9 June 2017]
  5. ^ Azam Khatam (2009). "The Islamic Republic's Failed Quest for the Spotless City". Middle East Research and Information Project. Retrieved 10 March 2017. 
  6. ^ Farangis Najibullah (27 February 2008). "Iran: Activist 'Dynamic Duo' Fight for Human Rights". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty. Retrieved 10 March 2017. 

External links[edit]