Nawab of Awadh

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Nawab of Awadh
Oudh-arms short.gif
Arms
Flag of Awadh.svg
Standard
Details
First monarchSaadat Ali Khan I
Last monarchBirjis Qadr
Formation30 April 1722
Abolition8 July 1859
AppointerHereditary

The Nawab of Awadh or the Nawab of Oudh /ˈd/ was the title of the rulers who governed the state of Awadh (anglicised as Oudh) in north India during the 18th and 19th centuries. The Nawabs of Awadh belonged to a dynasty of Persian origin from Nishapur, Iran.[1][2][3] In 1724, Nawab Sa'adat Khan established the Oudh State with their capital in Faizabad and Lucknow.

History[edit]

List of rulers[edit]

All of these rulers used the title of Nawab from 1722 to 1856:

Portrait Titular Name Personal Name Birth Reign Death
Saadat Ali Khan I.jpg Burhan ul Mulk Sa'adat Khan
برہان الملک سعادت خان
Saadat Ali Khan I 1680 Nishapur, Khurasan, Safavid dynasty, Persia 1722 – 19 March 1739 1739
Safdarjung, second Nawab of Awadh, Mughal dynasty. India. early 18th century.jpg Abul-Mansur Khan Safdar Jung
ابو المنصور خان صفدرجنگ
Muhammad Muqim 1708 1739 – 5 October 1754 1754
अवध के नवाब शुजाउद्दौला.jpg Shuja-ud-Daula
شجاع الدولہ
Jalal-ud-din Haider Abul-Mansur Khan 1732 1754 – 26 January 1775 1775
Asifportrait2 - Asuf ud Daula.jpg Asaf-ud-Daula
آصف الدولہ
Muhammad Yahya Mirza Amani 1748 26 January 1775 – 21 September 1797 1797
WazirAliKhan.jpg Asif Jah Mirza Wazir Ali Khan
وزیر علی خان
1780 21 September 1797 – 21 January 1798 1817
Saadat Ali Khan II.jpg Yamin-ud-Daula Saadat Ali Khan II
سعادت علی خان
1752 21 January 1798 – 11 July 1814 1814
Ghazi-ud-Din Haider Robert Home 1820.jpg Rafa'at-ud-Daula
Padshah-i-Awadh
Abul-Muzaffar Ghazi-ud-din Haydar Khan
غازی الدیں حیدر
1769 11 July 1814 – 19 October 1827 1827
Nasir ud din haidar.jpg Nasir-ud-din Haidar Shah Jahan
ناصر الدیں حیدر شاہ ‌جہاں
Abul-Mansur Qutb-ud-din Sulaiman Jah 1827 19 October 1827 – 7 July 1837 1837
MuhammadAliShah.jpg Abul Fateh Moin-ud-din Muhammad Ali Shah
محمّد علی شاہ
1777 7 July 1837 – 7 May 1842 1842
AmjadAliShah.jpg Najm-ud-Daula Abul-Muzaffar Musleh-ud-din Amjad Ali Shah
امجد علی شاہ
1801 7 May 1842 – 13 February 1847 1847
Washah1.jpg Abul-Mansur Mirza Wajid Ali Shah
واجد علی شاہ
1822 13 February 1847 – 11 February 1856 21 September 1887
Begum hazrat mahal.jpg Begum Hazrat Mahal
بیگم حضرت محل
Muhammadi Khanum 1820 May 1856 – 1858
Wife of Wajid Ali Shah and mother of Birjis Qadra
7 April 1879
Birjis Qadra.jpg Birjis Qadr
برجیس قدر
Ramzan Ali
رمضان علی
1845 1858–1859
(in rebellion)
14 August 1893

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sacred space and holy war: the politics, culture and history of Shi'ite Islam By Juan Ricardo Cole
  2. ^ Encyclopædia Iranica, [1], R. B. Barnett
  3. ^ Art and culture: endeavours in interpretation by Ahsan Jan Qaisar, Som Prakash Verma, Mohammad Habib

Further reading[edit]

  • Ashirbadi Lal Srivastava (1899-1973): The First Two Nawabs of Awadh. A critical study based on original sources. With a foreword by Sir Jadunath Sarkar. Lucknow : The Upper India Publishing House 1933. xi, 301 S. - Originally Phil. Diss. Lucknow 1932. 2. rev. and corr. ed. Agra : Shiv Lal Agarwal 1954. - About Burhan ul Mulk Sa'adat Khan (1680-1739) and Safdar Jang (1708-1754), Nawabs of Awadh
  • Ashirbadi Lal Srivastava (1899-1973): Shuja-ud-Daulah. Vol. I (1754-1765). Calcutta : Sarkar Midland Press 1939 - A thesis approved for the degree of doctor of letters by the Agra University in 1938. 2., rev. and corr. ed. Agra : Shiva Lal Agarwala 1961. - Vol. II (1765-1775) Lahore : Minerva 1945. 2. ed. Agra : Agarwal 1974. - About Shuja-ud-Daula (1732-1775), Nawab of Awadh

External links[edit]