Nawab of Awadh
The Nawab of Awadh or the Nawab of Oudh (IPA: /ˈaʊd/) was the title of the rulers who governed the state of Oudh or Awadh in India during the 18th and 19th centuries. The Nawabs of Awadh belonged to a dynasty of Persian origin from Nishapur. In 1724, Nawab Sa'adat Khan established the Oudh State.
Establishment of the Nawab of Oudh
As the Mughal Empire declined, the emperors lost their power and became puppets and prisoners of their new overlords. Awadh thus grew stronger and more independent. The capital city at the time was Faizabad.
His son Safdarjung had tried to overthrow the Eunuch Vizier, but later had to confront Feroze Jung III and the remaining followers of the Sayyid Brothers and the Regents of Rohilkhand, he was unable to aid his sovereign, Ahmad Shah Bahadur during the First Battle of Sikandarabad.
Shuja-ud-Daula had succeeded his father during an unstable period in the Indian subcontinent the Mughal Empire's capital Delhi was under Maratha control and the emperor Alamgir II assassinated along other members of the imperial Timurids, his son Shah Alam II managed to escape from the carnage and seek refuge with Shuja (who was thenceforth declared "Nawab Wazir of the Mughal Empire". Shuja reconciled with the Regents of Rohilkhand and joined Ahmad Shah Durrani and helped secure a decisive victory during the Third Battle of Panipat.
Shuja later joined Mir Qasim and Shah Alam II during the Battle of Buxar losing much territory after the confrontation. Which Shah Alam II managed to return to him by granting Diwani rights to Robert Clive.
Establishment of Oudh State
List of rulers
All of these rulers used the title of Nawab.
Nawabs of Awadh (1722–1856)
|Portrait||Titular Name||Personal Name||Birth||Reign||Death|
|Burhan ul Mulk Sa'adat Khan
برہان الملک سعادت خان
|Mir Muhammad Amin Musawi||1680 Nishapur, Khurasan, Safavid dynasty, Persia||1722 – 19 March 1739||1739|
|Abul-Mansur Khan Safdar Jung
ابو المنصور خان صفدرجنگ
|Muhammad Muqim||1708||1737 – 5 October 1754||1754|
|Jalal-ud-din Haider Abul-Mansur Khan||1732||1754 – 26 January 1775||1775|
|Muhammad Yahya Mirza Amani||1748||26 January 1775 – 21 September 1797||1797|
|Asif Jah Mirza||Wazir Ali Khan
وزیر علی خان
|1780||21 September 1797 – 21 January 1798||1817|
|Yamin-ud-Daula||Saadat Ali Khan II
سعادت علی خان
|1752||21 January 1798 – 11 July 1814||1814|
|Abul-Muzaffar Ghazi-ud-din Haydar Khan
غازی الدیں حیدر
|1769||11 July 1814 – 19 October 1827||1827|
|Nasir-ud-din Haidar Shah Jahan
ناصر الدیں حیدر شاہ جہاں
|Abul-Mansur Qutb-ud-din Sulaiman Jah||1827||19 October 1827 – 7 July 1837||1837|
|Abul Fateh Moin-ud-din||Muhammad Ali Shah
محمّد علی شاہ
|1777||7 July 1837 – 7 May 1842||1842|
|Najm-ud-Daula Abul-Muzaffar Musleh-ud-din||Amjad Ali Shah
امجد علی شاہ
|1801||7 May 1842 – 13 February 1847||1847|
|Abul-Mansur Mirza||Wajid Ali Shah
واجد علی شاہ
|1822||13 February 1847 – 11 February 1856||21 September 1887|
|Begum Hazrat Mahal
بیگم حضرت محل
|Muhammadi Khanum||-||May 1857 – 1858
Wife of Wajid Ali Shah and mother of Birjis Qadra
|7 April 1879|
|14 August 1893|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Awadh.|
- Sacred space and holy war: the politics, culture and history of Shi'ite Islam By Juan Ricardo Cole
- Encyclopædia Iranica, "Avadh", E. Yarshater
- Art and culture: endeavours in interpretation by Ahsan Jan Qaisar, Som Prakash Verma, Mohammad Habib
- Nawabs of Awadh
- THE COURT LIFE UNDER THE NAWABS OF AWADH (1754–1797)
- Roots of North Indian Shi‘ism in Iran and Iraq:Religion and State in Awadh, 1722–1859, by J. R. I. Cole. University of California Press, 1989.
- HISTORICAL SERIES No. LVI
- Advanced study in the history of modern India, Volume 2, by G. S. Chhabra, Lotus Press, 1 January 2005