Newnes railway line

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Newnes railway line
Commonwealth Oil Corporation goods wagon from The Powerhouse Museum.jpg
Commonwealth Oil Corporation goods wagon
Termini Newnes Junction
Stations 4
Opened 1907
Closed 1932
Operator(s) Commonwealth Oil Corporation
Line length 32 mi (51 km)
Number of tracks 1
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Newnes Line
Newnes Oil Works
Newnes Tunnels
12 Mile Siding
Newnes Junction
Main West line

The Newnes railway line (also called Wolgan Valley Railway) is a closed and dismantled railway line in New South Wales, Australia. The line ran for 32 mi (51 km) from the Main Western line to the township of Newnes. Along the way, it passed through a tunnel now known as the Glowworm Tunnel, because it is famous for its glow-worms. The tunnel is now contained within the Wollemi National Park.

Description and history[edit]

The line was constructed and operated by the Commonwealth Oil Corporation for their Newnes Oil Shale mine. Surveying and construction was overseen by Henry Deane. The line opened in 1907 and closed in 1932. It was primarily intended to carry goods to and from the mine, but also provided passenger services.

The New South Wales Division of Australian Railway Historical Society published The Shale Railways of New South Wales in 1974 which includes a detailed history of this line.

Allan Watson, the Lessee of the old Newnes Hotel, has a comprehensive website here.

The steep 1 in 25 (4%) gradients along the descent towards Newnes required a different type of steam locomotive. 4 Shay locomotives were imported from the Lima Locomotive Works in the USA. Although rather slow, their unique build which uses crankshafts to propel the wheels made them very suitable, and if a train had to stop on a steep uphill grade, the train could easily start again and keep moving.

See also[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • Deane, Henry (2004), The Wolgan Valley Railway - Its Construction, Australian Railway Historical Society, New South Wales Division, ISBN 0-909650-61-6 

Route map: Google

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