Fuscospora cliffortioides

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Fuscospora cliffortioides
Mountain-Beech-tree.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fagales
Family: Nothofagaceae
Genus: Fuscospora
Species: F. cliffortioides
Binomial name
Fuscospora cliffortioides
(Hook.f.) Heenan & Smissen[1]
Synonyms[2]
  • Fagus cliffortioides Hook.f.
  • Nothofagus cliffortioides (Hook.f.) Oerst.
  • Nothofagus solandri var. cliffortioides (Hook.f.) Poole

Fuscospora cliffortioides, commonly called Mountain beech (Māori: tawhai rauriki), is a species of Southern Beech tree and is endemic to New Zealand. Mountain beech grows in mountainous regions at high altitudes. It was known as Nothofagus solandri var. cliffortioides prior to 2013.[3]

Mountain Beech grows to around 20 metres[4] but near the treeline forms a "goblin forest" where the trees are no more than 2m tall. It also has leaves that are elongated and have a pointed end.

Hybrids[edit]

  • Mountain Beech is known to hybridise freely with Black Beech (Fuscospora solandri) where the two species co-exist,and in some places the hybrids may form complex introgressive hybrid swarms.[5]
  • Mountain Beech also hybridises with Red Beech (Fuscospora fusca) to form the hybrid species Fuscospora ×blairii.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hogan, C. Michael (ed). "Fuscospora cliffortioides". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "Fuscospora cliffortioides (Hook.f.) Heenan & Smissen". Flora of New Zealand. Landcare Research 2010-2015. Retrieved 15 January 2016. 
  3. ^ a b HEENAN, PETER B.; SMISSEN, ROB D. (2013). "Revised circumscription of Nothofagus and recognition of the segregate genera Fuscospora, Lophozonia, and Trisyngyne (Nothofagaceae)". Phytotaxa. 146 (1): 131. doi:10.11646/phytotaxa.146.1.1. Retrieved 31 May 2015. 
  4. ^ "Mountain Beech Height". Details of our range of Beech variety. Southern Woods Nursery Ltd. 
  5. ^ "Fuscospora cliffortioides". New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. Retrieved 31 May 2015. 

External links[edit]