November 8 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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November 7 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - November 9

All fixed commemorations below celebrated on November 21 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For November 8th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on October 26.

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western Saints[edit]

  • Secundus, Severian, Carpophorus and Victorinus;
  • Claudius, Nicostratus, Symphorian, Castorius and Simplicius.

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints[edit]

  • Righteous Maria (Martha in monasticism), Princess of Pskov (1300)[1][9][12]

New Martyrs and Confessors[edit]

Icons[edit]

* Synaxis of the Archangel Michael "Mantamados" ("Taxiarches Michael"), on Lesbos.[14][note 18]
* Synaxis of the Archangel Michael "Panormitis", on Symi.[15]

Other Commemorations[edit]

Icon Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ Name days celebrated today include:
    • Michael (Μιχάλης); Michaela (Μιχαηλία);
    • Angelo (Ἄγγελος); Angela (Ἀγγελική);
    • Gabriel (Γαβριήλ); Gabriella (Γαβριέλλα);
    • Stamatis (Σταμάτης); Stamatia (Σταματία) – the meaning of this name is taken from the Anaphora prayed during the Divine Liturgy: "Let Us Stand Aright, Let Us Stand With Fear!";
    • Taxiarchis (Ταξιάρχης).
  3. ^ In the West, Michaelmas is celebrated on September 29.
  4. ^ There are two groups called the Four Holy Crowned Martyrs:
    • One group suffered in Albano in Italy in c 305, Secundus, Severian, Carpophorus and Victorinus.
    • The other group, actually five in number, were martyred in Pannonia at about the same time: Claudius, Nicostratus, Symphorian and Castorius and Simplicius. The latter were sculptors who refused to carve a statue of the god Aesculapius and were martyred by Diocletian. Relics of four of the martyrs were brought to Rome and so veneration of four, not five, began.
  5. ^ "At Rome, on the Lavican road, three miles from the city, the martyrdom of the Saints Claudius, Nicostratus, Symphorian, Castorius and Simplicius, who were first sent to prison, then scourged with whips set with metal, and as they could not be made to forsake the faith of Christ, Diocletian ordered them to be thrown into the river. – Also, on the Lavican way, the birthday of the saintly brothers, Severus, Severian, Carpophorus and Victorinus, called the Four Crowned, who were scourged to death with leaded whips, during the reign of the same emperor. As their names, known some years afterwards by revelation, could not then be ascertained, it was ordered that their anniversary should be commemorated with the preceding five, under the name of the Four Saints Crowned. This appellation was retained by the Church, even after their names had been revealed."[7]
  6. ^ "At Tours, St. Clarus, priest, whose epitaph was written by St. Paulinus."[7]
  7. ^ An abbot who, with St Seiroil, is one of the most famous saints of Anglesey. He founded a monastery there, called Caer Gybi (the fortress of Cybi). He is the patron saint of Llangibby and Llangybi in Wales and Tregony, Landulph and Cuby in Cornwall.
  8. ^ Rev. Richard Stanton lists "St. Kybi, or Kebius" on November 6, as follows:
    • "ST. KYBI was the son of Saloman, King of Brittany, and member of a family which produced several Saints in the Church of God. Kybi early in life devoted himself to the ecclesiastical state,and is said to have been consecrated Bishop by St. Hilary of Arles; but he fled from the honours due to him in his own country, and visited Great Britain and Ireland. Finally he settled himself in Anglesey, and became the Apostle of that island, where he ended his days in peace."[8]
  9. ^ Born in Rome, he became Pope in 615. During an outbreak of the plague he worked untiringly for the sick.
  10. ^ "At Rome, St. Deusdedit, pope, whose merit was so great that he cured a leper by kissing him."[7]
  11. ^ A prince who became Abbot of Meifod in Powys and founded several churches in other parts of Wales.
  12. ^ A Northumbrian monk who in c 766 left England to enlighten the Frisians in the Netherlands. Later he preached to the Saxons, but had to abandon this mission and retired to the monastery of Echternach. In 787 he was ordained Bishop of Bremen in Germany.
  13. ^ "At Bremen, the deposition of ST. WlLLIHAD, the first Bishop of that See, and Confessor."[10]
  14. ^ "At Bremen, St. Willehad, first bishop of that city, who, in conjunction with St. Boniface, whose disciple he was, spread the Gospel in Friesland and Saxony."[7]
  15. ^ On pilgrimage from England to Rome, he became a monk. On his way home he stopped at the monastery of Einsiedeln in Switzerland in 949. Eventually he became abbot there and the monastery flourished under him.
  16. ^ Stanton lists him on November 13, as follows:
    • "GREGORY was an Englishman, and according to the tradition a son of King Edward the Elder, or at least of the royal family. Called to quit the world by a heavenly vision, he left his country, his parents, and his spouse, or his betrothed bride, and betook himself to the holy city of Rome, where he entered St. Gregory's Monastery on the Celian. After some time spent in retirement and great holiness of life, he silently withdrew to St. Meinrad's Abbey of Our Lady of the Hermits in Switzerland. In that solitude Gregory lived ten years under the rule of the Abbot Eberhard, and on his death succeeded him in the government of the community. In the discharge of these duties he persevered, as a faithful steward, till his holy death. Though we do not find the name of Gregory in any Calendar of the Saints, we are told that his life "was most abundantly adorned with virtues," and the Emperor Otho the Great, in a diploma, speaks of him as "a most holy man, and mighty in all virtues"."
    • "Mabillon derives his notice of Gregory from the contemporary writer of the life of St. Wolfgang, who calls him "ex stirpe Anglorum," without mentioning his royal birth. Trithemius is the first to record this, and Mabillon seems to discredit the story, or at least says he cannot have been the son of Edward. Lappenberg, however, sees no difficulty in the tradition. If the account be accepted, Otho would be his brother-in-law. It is possible that the name Gregory was assumed, to conceal his origin, when he entered the religious state."[11]
  17. ^ See: (in Russian) Ансимов, Павел Георгиевич. Википедии. (Russian Wikipedia).
  18. ^ There is only one 'icon' in Orthodox church tradition that defies the traditional structure of iconography. This is the "Mantamados icon" in Mytilene, Lesvos. The Archangel's upper-torso is represented as a raised relief image, composed of the mixture of dirt together with the blood of the martyred monks.
  19. ^ Elder Iakovos (Tsalikis) of Euboea reposed on November 21, 1991.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j November 8/November 21. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  2. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Σύναξις Ἀρχαγγέλων Μιχαὴλ καὶ Γαβριὴλ καὶ πασῶν τῶν Ἀσωμάτων καὶ Οὐράνιων Δυνάμεων. 8 Νοεμβρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  3. ^ (in Greek) Συναξαριστής. 8 Νοεμβρίου. ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).
  4. ^ Synaxis of the Archangel Michael and the Other Bodiless Powers. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  5. ^ (in Russian) 8 ноября по старому стилю / 21 ноября по новому стилю. Русская Православная Церковь - Православный церковный календарь на 2016 год.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j November 8. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  7. ^ a b c d e The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp. 344-345.
  8. ^ Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. pp. 526-527.
  9. ^ a b c d November 21 / November 8. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  10. ^ Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. pp. 531-532.
  11. ^ Rev. Richard Stanton. A Menology of England and Wales, or, Brief Memorials of the Ancient British and English Saints Arranged According to the Calendar, Together with the Martyrs of the 16th and 17th Centuries. London: Burns & Oates, 1892. pp. 537–538.
  12. ^ a b c The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). pp. 83-84.
  13. ^ Dr. Alexander Roman. November. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  14. ^ (in Greek) Σύναξη του Αρχαγγέλου Μιχαήλ του Ταξιάρχη. Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής.
  15. ^ (in Greek) Σύναξη του Αρχαγγέλου Μιχαήλ του Πανορμίτη. Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής.
  16. ^ (in Greek) Αγία Όλγα της Αλάσκας, η Μαία. Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής.
  17. ^ (in Greek) Άγιος Φιλάρετος Μητροπολίτης Νέας Υόρκης και Ανατολικής Αμερικής. Ορθόδοξος Συναξαριστής.
  18. ^ Elder Iakovos Tsalikis, the Long-Range Star of Evia. Mystagogy. November 20, 2014. Retrieved: 15 January, 2016.

Sources[edit]

Greek Sources

Russian Sources