Oakland, Tennessee

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Oakland, Tennessee
Town
Nickname(s): "The Crossroads of North America"[1]
Location in Fayette County and the state of Tennessee
Location in Fayette County and the state of Tennessee
Coordinates: 35°13′36″N 89°31′5″W / 35.22667°N 89.51806°W / 35.22667; -89.51806Coordinates: 35°13′36″N 89°31′5″W / 35.22667°N 89.51806°W / 35.22667; -89.51806
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Fayette
Area
 • Total 10.29 sq mi (26.64 km2)
 • Land 10.25 sq mi (26.56 km2)
 • Water 0.03 sq mi (0.09 km2)
Elevation 381 ft (116 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 6,623
 • Estimate (2015) 7,488
 • Density 730/sq mi (281.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 38060
Area code(s) 901
FIPS code 47-54920[2]
GNIS feature ID 1296176[3]
Website www.oaklandtennessee.org

Oakland is a town in Fayette County, Tennessee, United States. In 2010 the population of the town was 6,623,[4] a gain of 417.8% since 2000, for the largest gain of any municipality in the tri-state area of Memphis TN-MS-AR.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

Oakland is located in west-central Fayette County at 35°13′36″N 89°31′5″W / 35.22667°N 89.51806°W / 35.22667; -89.51806 (35.226744, -89.518171).[5] U.S. Route 64 is the main highway through town, leading east 9 miles (14 km) to Somerville, the county seat, and west 32 miles (51 km) to downtown Memphis. Tennessee Routes 194 and 196 are north-south state highways in Oakland.

According to the United States Census Bureau, as of 2010 the town had a total area of 10.3 square miles (26.6 km2),[4] compared to a total area in 2000 of 3.6 square miles (9.3 km2). The town limits have expanded north and south of the original town center, and especially to the west along US 64, extending 6.5 miles (10.5 km) to nearly reach the Shelby County line.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 66
1930 237
1940 251 5.9%
1950 236 −6.0%
1960 306 29.7%
1970 353 15.4%
1980 472 33.7%
1990 392 −16.9%
2000 1,279 226.3%
2010 6,623 417.8%
Est. 2015 7,488 [6] 13.1%
Sources:[7][8]

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 1,279 people, 510 households, and 401 families residing in the town. The population density was 354.9 people per square mile (137.2/km²). There were 554 housing units at an average density of 153.7 per square mile (59.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 81.47% White, 16.50% African American, 0.31% Native American, 1.02% Asian, 0.47% from other races, and 0.23% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.56% of the population.

There were 510 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 67.8% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.2% were non-families. 18.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the town the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 37.1% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $51,823, and the median income for a family was $56,786. Males had a median income of $35,870 versus $23,929 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,365. About 4.6% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.3% of those under age 18 and 4.7% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

In November 2008, Bill Mullins was elected mayor for his fifth term, beating rival Scott Ferguson in a narrow victory; the margin of votes between them just 15.[9]

In July 2009, Mayor Mullins was arrested on charges of official misconduct and concealing evidence.[10] The following March, a jury found him guilty on three counts of official misconduct. Prosecutors said Mullins falsified documents to cover up payments made to his own business by the City of Oakland, after he had completed work on city owned vehicles at his privately owned repair shop, but did not document the $2,000 payment.[11] Mullins was sentenced to one year probation and prohibited from holding any elected or appointed office for 10 years.[12]

In December 2009, the November 2008 election was ruled invalid after 23 people were found to have voted illegally.[9] In a follow-up election in 2010, Scott Ferguson was elected mayor.[13]

In 2013, Mayor Ferguson—a former preacher—resigned from office after it was revealed he had two wives.[13]

Economy[edit]

In June 2007, although much smaller in population than its counterparts, Oakland had the highest number of building permits issued for any suburb in the Memphis metropolitan area, including Southaven and Olive Branch, Mississippi, and Collierville, Tennessee.[citation needed] Retail stores make up most of the commercial business. Large retail stores located in Oakland, Include Walmart, Kroger, and Walgreens.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Official town website
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Oakland town, Tennessee". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 16, 2016. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  8. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 17, 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  9. ^ a b Allison Sossaman, Judge Voids Oakland Mayoral Election, Community Reacts, ABC-24 News, December 9, 2009
  10. ^ Anthony, Kontji (July 28, 2009). "Oakland Mayor, Former Police Chief Indicted". WMCTV. 
  11. ^ "Former Oakland Mayor Mullins Found Guilty of Official Misconduct". FOX Memphis. March 26, 2010. 
  12. ^ Mahor, Jamel (April 28, 2010). "Former Oakland Mayor Sentenced to Probation". WMCTV. 
  13. ^ a b Tallent, Kristin (March 8, 2013). "Ex-Oakland Mayor Married to 2 Women". FOX Memphis. 

External links[edit]