Memphis International Airport
|Memphis International Airport|
2013 USGS aerial photo
|Owner/Operator||Memphis–Shelby County Airport Authority|
|Location||Shelby County, Tennessee, U.S.|
|Elevation AMSL||341 ft / 104 m|
FAA airport diagram
Sources: Memphis international airport annual report 2015
Memphis International Airport is home to the FedEx Express global hub, which processes many of the company's packages. Nonstop FedEx destinations from Memphis include cities across the continental United States, Europe, the Middle East, Asia, and South America. From 1993 to 2009, Memphis had the largest cargo operations of any airport worldwide. MEM dropped to the second position in 2010, just behind Hong Kong; however, it remains as the busiest cargo airport in the United States and in the Western Hemisphere.
As of 2016, MEM had a count of over 4 million passengers, up slightly from 2015. The airport was previously a hub for Northwest Airlines and later Delta Air Lines. As of June 2017, MEM averaged 83 passenger flights per day on all of the airlines serving the city. In recent years the airport added several new airlines, including Air Canada, Allegiant Air, Frontier Airlines, and Southwest Airlines, which has increased competition among carriers. Since Delta's departure as a hub operation, average round trip prices have also declined. The July–September 2014 quarter alone saw a 4.7% decline from the quarter a year earlier.
- 1 History
- 2 Operations
- 3 Facilities and aircraft
- 4 Concourses
- 5 Airlines and destinations
- 6 Statistics
- 7 Military
- 8 Accidents and incidents
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
Memphis Municipal Airport opened on a 200-acre (81 ha) plot of farmland just over seven miles (11 km) from downtown Memphis. During its early years the airport had three hangars and an unpaved runway; passenger and air mail service was provided by American Airlines and Chicago and Southern Air Lines (acquired by Delta Air Lines in 1953). In 1939 Eastern Air Lines arrived; that March Eastern had one departure a day to Muscle Shoals and beyond, American had four east/west and C&S had four north/south.
During World War II the United States Army Air Forces Air Transport Command 4th Ferrying Group used Memphis while sending new aircraft overseas. In April 1951 the runways were 6000-ft 2/20, 6530-ft 9/27, 4370-ft 14/32 and 4950-ft 17/35 (the airport was all north of Winchester Rd during the 1950s)
The April 1957 OAG shows 64 weekday departures: 25 on Delta, 18 American, 7 Southern, 5 Eastern, 4 Braniff, 3 Trans-Texas and 2 Capital. American DC-6s flew nonstop to Washington and New York, but westward nonstops didn't reach beyond Ft Worth and Kansas City until American started Los Angeles in 1964. The first scheduled jets were Delta 880s ORD-MEM-MSY and back, starting in July–August 1960.
The current terminal was designed by Mann & Harrover and cost $6.5 million. It opened on June 7, 1963 and Memphis Municipal changed its name to Memphis International in 1969. In 1985–86 Republic Airlines began flights to Mexico. The terminal was expanded for $31.6 million in 1974, adding two new concourses and extending the others, which were designed by Roy P. Harrover & Associates.
Southern Airways was an important regional carrier at Memphis in the 1960s; it merged into Republic Airlines in 1979 as the first large merger after the passage of the Airline Deregulation Act. With the dismantling of the Civil Aeronautics Board (CAB) flight approval requirements, airlines began developing around a large hub model as opposed to the former point-to-point networks that were common before deregulation. Republic established Memphis as a hub operation in 1985 before merging into Northwest Airlines in 1986.
Northwest operated around 300 daily flights at the peak of the hub, including international flights to Canada, Mexico, the Caribbean as well as a transatlantic flight to Amsterdam (initially operated by KLM). Flights to Amsterdam ended on September 3, 2012, as part of Delta's cutbacks in Memphis.
Federal Express (now FedEx Express) began operations in Memphis in 1973. It opened its current "SuperHub" facility on the north side of the airport in 1981, and maintains a large presence to the present day.
Hub closure and Recent years
Following the acquisition of Northwest by Delta Air Lines in 2008, flights were gradually scaled back until Delta formally closed the hub in 2013. As a result of the cutbacks, Memphis suffered a severe decline in passenger traffic.
In 2008 the airport began expanding its control tower and parking garages. The new tower cost $72.6 million and is 336 feet tall, more than double the old tower height. An $81 million, 7-story parking garage replaced two surface lots adding 6,500 parking spaces. $11 million was spent on a covered moving walkway between the garages and the terminal.
In 2014, the Memphis-Shelby County Airport Authority announced a planned $114 million renovation of the airport. This renovation included demolishing the largely-vacant south ends of concourses A and C, which would allow aircraft to more easily access the larger B concourse. The remainder of the A and C concourses would remain and be ready to use for any potential growth in the future. In addition, the plan called for the widening and modernization of the B concourse, which most flights would be directed to when the renovation was complete. The renovation, which was expected to start in late 2015 and end around 2020, would leave the airport with about 60 gates.
However, the initial project was only partially completed, with the south end of the A concourse demolished. Memphis officials decided to rethink the modernization plans. Several aspects of the project changed. The first plan called for renovating and widening Concourse B, the updated plan includes a full redesign of most of the concourse. The B Concourse will be closed during construction, and airlines and tenants will move to the A and C Concourses during that time. The south end of the C Concourse will remain intact until the B Concourse is completed and airlines have moved from C to B. The southwest leg of the B Concourse will be updated in a future phase, and will only be utilized in the near term for passengers from inbound international flights.
Air Canada resumed daily non-stop service to Toronto in May 2017.
Memphis International Airport is governed by the Memphis and Shelby County Airport Authority. Board of directors consist of five members appointed by the Memphis mayor and two members nominated by the Shelby County mayor. All board members are confirmed by the Memphis City Council.
Facilities and aircraft
- 18C/36C: 11,120 ft × 150 ft (3,389 m × 46 m) Concrete
- 18L/36R: 9,000 ft × 150 ft (2,743 m × 46 m) Concrete
- 18R/36L: 9,320 ft × 150 ft (2,841 m × 46 m) Concrete
- 9/27: 8,946 ft × 150 ft (2,727 m × 46 m) Concrete.
Runway 9/27 reopened for traffic on November 30, 2009 after nine months of resurfacing. The new runway has a more durable concrete surface, and opened in time for the peak of the FedEx shipping season.
For the 12-month period ending May 31, 2014 the airport had 225,592 aircraft operations, an average of 618 per day: 71% scheduled commercial, 18% air taxi, 10% general aviation, and 1% military. At that time there were 93 aircraft based at this airport: 48% jet, 15% multi-engine, 17% single-engine, 10% military, and 10% helicopter. The Memphis Air Route Traffic Control Center (ARTCC) is on the airport grounds at 3229 Democrat Road, TN 38118.
- Concourse A contains 9 gates: A17, A19, A21, A23, A25, A27, A29, A31, and A33. Concourse A is only used by Southwest Airlines. Beginning late 2017, Delta Air Lines will move all flights to gates A17-A27. Southwest will move to gates A29-A33.
- Concourse B contains 42 gates: B1-B20 and B22-B43. Delta Air Lines and Allegiant Air operate out of Concourse B. Delta Air Lines operates a Delta Sky Club lounge outside Concourse B, in the walkway connecting to Concourse C. Seasonally, the terminal is used by international charters which operate out of the airport's international gates B42-43. International travelers are required to pass through a TSA security checkpoint after clearing customs. This is required because the customs hall exits into the concourse instead of the main lobby. In late 2017, regular flights will move from Concourse B to allow for renovation of the concourse. International arrivals will still use gates B41-B43 on a limited basis. By mid-2021, when the renovation is finished, all flights will be scheduled from Concourse B.
- Concourse C contains 18 gates: C1-C5, C7-C11, C12A-B, C14A-B, C16, C18, C20, and C22. Concourse C is currently used by Air Canada, American Airlines, Frontier Airlines, GLO Airlines, and United Airlines. In late 2017, Allegiant Air will move to gate C2.
Airlines and destinations
|2||Dallas/Fort Worth, Texas||211,890||American|
|3||Charlotte, North Carolina||182,560||American|
|4||Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois||130,740||American, United|
|6||Denver, Colorado||100,280||Frontier, United|
|7||Minneapolis/St. Paul, Minnesota||75,400||Delta|
|Year||Passengers||Change from previous year|
|Source: Memphis International Airport|
Accidents and incidents
- On August 11, 1984, Douglas C-47 N70003 of Aviation Enterprises crashed shortly after take-off from Memphis International Airport on a domestic non-scheduled passenger flight to O'Hare International Airport, Chicago. All three people on board died. A missing spark plug on the port engine caused a loss of power. Maintenance involving the removal of the spark plugs had been performed the previous day.
- On April 7, 1994, Federal Express Flight 705 bound for San Jose, CA experienced an attempted hijacking shortly after takeoff. FedEx employee Auburn Calloway tried to hijack the plane in order to crash it into the FedEx hub at Memphis International, in a Kamikaze-style attack. The crew fought him off and returned to Memphis.
- On December 18, 2003, FedEx Express Flight 647 veered off the runway after the landing gear collapsed upon landing from Oakland International Airport (OAK). The aircraft was immediately engulfed in flames. All 5 crew members escaped by exiting via the cockpit window.
- On July 28, 2006, FedEx Flight 630's landing gear collapsed upon landing at Memphis International Airport after a flight from Seattle-Tacoma International Airport. After coming to a stop, the plane caught fire, engulfing the left wing and engine. While the three crew members sustained injuries, they all survived. The aircraft was written off.
- TN: Memphis International&carrier=FACTS Memphis 2015 passenger count, Memphis International Airport
-  Archived November 29, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Global Airport Cities 2013 – Welcome". Globalairportcities.com. August 11, 2013. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
- TN: Memphis International&carrier=FACTS Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, March 2015
- Memphis logs fourth-largest decline in airfares, Commercial Appeal, March 12, 2015
- "All sizes - Memphis 1956_0008 - Flickr - Photo Sharing!". Flickr.
- Clute, Eugene; Fenimore, Russell; Reid, Kenneth (1973). Progressive Architecture. 54. Reinhold Publishing Corporation. p. 46. Retrieved June 14, 2012.
- "Memphis Airport history". Mscaa.com. June 14, 1929. Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- Moseley, Jace. "The Death and Rebirth of Memphis (MEM) and Cincinnati (CVG)". Retrieved 16 August 2017.
- "Delta Air Lines scratches Amsterdam from Memphis – Memphis Business Journal". Bizjournals.com. October 30, 2012. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
- Mutzabaugh, Ben. "Delta to pull plug on Memphis hub after Labor Day". USA Today. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
- Andy Ashby (November 7, 2011). "Memphis airport unveils new tower, third tallest in U.S.". Memphis Business Journal.
- Trey Heath (April 27, 2008). "Airport begins $81 million construction project". Memphis Business Journal.
- Bianca Phillips (February 20, 2014). "Memphis International Airport To Downsize Concourses". Memphis Flyer.
- "Modernization Images". Fly Memphis. Memphis International Airport. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
- "Air Canada returning Toronto nonstop to MEM May 1". CommercialAppeal.com. December 7, 2016. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
- "Airport Authority". Shelby County.
- FAA Airport Master Record for MEM ( PDF), effective October 25, 2007
- "Memphis International Airport Notes". Memphisairport.org. Retrieved November 8, 2011.
- "Flight Schedules". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "Allegiant Air". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "Flight schedules and notifications". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "FLIGHT SCHEDULES". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "Frontier". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "Destinations". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "Check Flight Schedules". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "Timetable". Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "Memphis International Airport (MEM)". Bureau of Transportation Statistics. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
- "Statistics". Memphis-Shelby County Airport Authority. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
- "2016 Comprehensive Report" (PDF).
- "164th Airlift Wing".
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
- "NTSB Identification: ATL84FA251". National Transportation Safety Board. Retrieved July 27, 2010.
- Hollahan, Terry. "Delta Air Lines deals crushing blow to Memphis airport." Memphis Business Journal. June 4, 2013.
|Aircraft photos from Memphis International (MEM) at airliners.net|
|FedEx Jets @ MEM Photo|
- Media related to Memphis International Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- Memphis International Airport (official site)
- (PDF), effective September 14, 2017
- Resources for this airport: