It is a very broad term, and does not imply a location or cause.
Treatment, depending on cause, may require prompt drainage of the bladder via catheterization, medical instrumentation, surgery (e.g., endoscopy, lithotripsy), hormonal therapy, or a combination of these modalities.
Treatment of the obstruction at the level of the ureter:
- Open surgery.
- Less invasive treatment: laparoscopic correction.
- Minimal invasive treatment: Overtoom procedure: dilatation with cutting balloon catheter (e.g., Boston Scientific) followed by introduction of the pyeloplasty balloon catheter. This balloon is inflated with pure contrast agent via the pusher and remains in situ in the ureter to keep the previous treated stricture dilated while the expanded urothelium heals. Urine can drain through the central channel of this catheter.
- Definition: obstructive uropathy from Online Medical Dictionary.
- Kumar, Vinay; Fausto, Nelson; Fausto, Nelso; Robbins, Stanley L.; Abbas, Abul K.; Cotran, Ramzi S. (2005). Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease (7th ed.). Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier Saunders. p. 1012. ISBN 0-7216-0187-1.
- Tsai PJ, Lin JT, Wu TT, Tsai CC (September 2008). "Ureterosciatic hernia causes obstructive uropathy". J Chin Med Assoc. 71 (9): 491–3. doi:10.1016/S1726-4901(08)70155-2. PMID 18818145.[dead link]
- Treatment of ureteropelvic junction obstruction using a detachable inflatable stent: initial experience Archived 2014-01-09 at the Wayback Machine. by Timotheus T C Overtoom, Peter L Vijverberg, Hendrik W van Es, Sandrine van Selm, Hans P M van Heesewijk
- "Overtoom balloon". www.overtoomballoon.com. Retrieved 2016-10-15.