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Origin Norrköping, Sweden
Genres Black metal, death metal
Years active 1996–present
Labels Norma Evangelium Diaboli
Members JK
Michayah Belfagor
Past members Shiva
Nebiros Leviathan

Ofermod are a black/death metal band formed in Sweden in 1996.


Ofermod were formed in 1996[1] by Nefandus drummer, backing vocalist and lyricist Mika "Belfagor" Hakola. The band recorded the Mystérion Tés Anomias single in Tore "Necromorbus" Stjerna's Necromorbus studio in January 1998 and released it through Pounding Metal Productions. In 2000, Belfagor retired from his musical activities to concentrate on his occult studies and practices. In 2003, while in prison, Hakola started composing again. In 2004, he was joined by singer Nebiros again, and they recruited drummer Tore "Shiva" Stjerna, who had produced the Mystérion Tés Anomias single. After he served another prison sentence, Hakola got in contact with guitarist Atum, and through him with bassist Tehôm. In December 2004, the band recorded two songs for the Mystérion Tés Anomias re-release through Norma Evangelium Diaboli; on the re-release, Hakola used the new pseudonym "Michayah", and Nebiros called himself Leviathan.[2]

The band's first album Pentagrammaton, which was supposed to feature Moloch of Teitanblood sharing vocals with Nebiros[3] and "mark the ten year anniversary of OFERMOD" in 2006, was "partly finished in late 2005/early 2006", but delayed because "Michayah was sent to prison, for assault, robbery and a few other incidents, in early march 2006". He was released in August 2006, but sentenced to serve more time the same year, "due to new acts of violence". Pentagrammaton was therefore further delayed until 2007.[4] The album remained unreleased because "obviously the forces of chaos did not want this album to be released". Belfagor took time to solely re-work the material, which was produced by Marduk bassist Magnus "Devo" Andersson and released under the title Tiamtü in 2008.[3]

Music and ideology[edit]

Ofermod are based on the forces of Sitra Achra. Belfagor claims to write the lyrics in connection with meditation and astral travels and composes the music in semi-trance.[5] Belfagor tries to avoid being consciously influenced by other bands.[3][6] Ofermod's musical style supposedly influenced other Swedish black metal bands such as Watain and Ondskapt.[6][7] On Tiamtü, Ofermod "has eschewed breakneck speed for brutish, evocative music, which has far more technically in common with Death Metal than Black Metal".[8] Their EP's style has been likened to bands such as Watain[9] (whom Ofermod supposedly influenced[6][7]), Dark Funeral[9] (whom Belfagor called one of "the non-serious bands that use the Satanic thing as an image but actually have no idea of this phenomenon's esoteric aspects"[3]) and Gorgoroth[9] by Allmusic journalist Eduardo Rivadavia. Marduk guitarist Morgan Håkansson, for whose album Wormwood Belfagor wrote the lyrics to "Phosphorous Redeemer", described their early music as "raw black metal", whereas the style on the Tiamtü album "include[s] some death metal, like a bit of MORBID ANGEL"[10] (whose debut album Altars of Madness made a great impression upon Belfagor[11]).

The band originally worshipped the Devil and termed the music "Orthodox Black Metal".[4] The new tracks on the EP re-release were characterised as "Orthodox Death Metal", "for the band no longer use the word 'Satan' (ha-shatan) as a description of their religion, but leave the holiest essence of the Lord silent, as it forever should be, for it existed before the cosmos and eventually will bring to its primal form: No-Thing = Utter Spiritual Death".[2] Yet Ofermod are still connected to Satanism; Belfagor stated that "our lyrics and most of all the presence conjured into our album in the process of making it is SATANIC in every way possible", and that he considers black metal and death metal to be "exactly the same, when it comes to the Cult, as it is the same satanic forces of Chaos we religiously devote ourselves to".[8] The band refers especially to the Kabbalah and chaos as the dark counterpart to creation, which is seen as the true evil by Ofermod, but Belfagor also uses terms like evil for his own views, being evil from a cosmic perspective.[5] According to Belfagor, "[t]he materialization of existence must and will be inverted, emanation by emanation, for it is a curse life has inflicted upon itself through manifestation".[1]

Line up[edit]

  • JK - Vocals, guitars
  • Mika Hakola (Michayah Belfagor) - Guitars, additional vocals
  • R.Fjäll - Bass
  • S.Samuelsson - Drums

Past members[edit]

  • Jonas Tengner (Leviathan Nebiros) - Vocals
  • Tore Stjerna (Shiva) - Drums
  • Karl Emil Lundin (Atum) - Guitar
  • J. Kvarnbrink[12] (Tehôm) - Bass
  • Moloch - Vocals[4][12]


  • Tiamtü (2008)
  • Thaumiel (2012)
  • Sol Nox (2017)
  • Mystérion Tés Anomias (1998)
  • Serpents Dance (2014)


  1. ^ a b Ofermod. In: Funeral Maelstrom Of Hate, no. 6, 2004.
  2. ^ a b Ofermod: Mystérion tés anomias, Norma Evangelium Diaboli 2005.
  3. ^ a b c d Stahlschrulle: Ofermod - Interview.
  4. ^ a b c The Holy Union of OFERMOD.
  5. ^ a b Terry Demeter: Ofermod. Breath of the Dragon. In: Unrestrained Magazine, no. 39, pp. 74f.
  6. ^ a b c Nathan T. Birk: OFERMOD.
  7. ^ a b Stahlschrulle: Ofermod - Tiamtü.
  8. ^ a b Stewart Voegtlin: TheLeftHandPath.com - Interview: Ofermod.
  9. ^ a b c Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Ofermod biography". Allmusic. Retrieved 2012-09-31.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  10. ^ Darren Cowan: MARDUK. Interview with guitarist Morgan Håkansson, December 2009, accessed on 29 December 2009.
  11. ^ Belfagor: 5 Klassiker. In: Rock Hard, no. 269, October 2009, p. 83.
  12. ^ a b Daniel Ekeroth: Swedish Death Metal. Second printing. Brooklyn, NY: Bazillion Points 2009, p. 387.