This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. The specific problem is: incorrect grammar and confused sentence structure make the article's contents incomprehensible (February 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
The term Ojha' or Oza is a Hindu Brahmin caste that has settled in north and central India and are found in the states of Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and some parts of Bihar and Madhya Pradesh.
Ojha is a surname for Hindu Sikhwal Brahmins, Shrimali Brahmins, Atri Gotra Brahmin, Saraswat Brahmin, Bhumihar Brahmins, Kanya Kubj Brahmin, Saryuparin Brahmin, Maithil Brahmin of Nepal, Nepali, Nagar Brahmin, and Bengali Brahmin of India and Nepal. Ojhas are considered to be worshipers of Durga, Saraswati, Hanuman, Mahalakshmi and Shiva. The surname is used amongst speakers of Nepali, Bhojpuri, Rajasthani, Gujarati, Hindi, Oriya, Maithili, Kumaoni and Bengali as well as the Santhals. The high population of Ojhas are found in Central Nepal, and Rajasthan in India within the districts of Gonda, Gorakhpur, Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand, Pratapgarh, Ballia, Buxar (Bihar), and Ara.
The term Ojha is derived from Sanskrit. Literal translations vary, but one meaning is "he who is doing meditation for whole life". According to some, the Ojhas were the top class Brahmin preachers who earned their livelihood through teaching. In Rajasthan, some consider Sharma and Ojha to be the same clan. The Jhas are Maithilis originated in Bihar and Nepal in Janakpura and call their sons-in-laws Ojhajis. This has given credence to this belief.
Ojhas are basically divided into two parts – Ojha and the Bavan-gaon ke Ojhas (the Ojhas of the 52 villages), as they got 52 villages in charity from one of [Rajasthan]-region rulers for having protected those rulers by fighting themselves. They were also given the title of 'Sharma' for the valour and aggression with which they fought. Mata Kaalratri Mata , Bharmani Mata is the Kuldevi of the Bavan-gaon ke Ojhas. Some Ojhas in Rajasthan have become Bhumihars, and usually use Saraswa or Sharma as their surnames. Some although have not become Bhumihars but still have the title of Singh – to use it or not to use is individual choice.
Ojha Brahmin from Rajasthan had excellence in Martial Art, Spirituality, Veda and Science. They have many sub-branches under the surname Ojha. A sub- branch is known as Khairi Ojha which played a significant role in Indian history. Kairi Ojha are active in shaping and binding Hindu rituals and knowledge before the Shankaracharya and formation of “ Four Mathh” Sathapna. Khairi Ojha were spiritual leader for uttar Pradesh and Bihar region. They perform as “Rajguru”, “Army Trainer”, “Thinker” and Philosopher. In few parts of India Ojha ware ruling the Riyasats.
Most of the Ojhas are concentrated in the Rajasthan Gujarat (India) and Nepal, a few in Mauritius and can also be found in many regions of India and all over world.
Notable people with surname Ojha Include:
- Krittibas Ojha, medieval Bengali poet & writer who translated the Ramayan into Bengali.
- Om Prasad Ojha, Nepalese politician
- Puskar Nath Ojha, Nepalese politician