Olous

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Olous or Olus (Ancient Greek: Ὄλους,[1][2] or Ὄλουλις[3]) was a city of ancient Crete; now sunken, it was situated at the present day town of Elounda, Crete, Greece. According to the Stadiasmus Maris Magni, it had a harbour and was located 260 stadia from Chersonasus and 15 stadia from Camara.[3]

History[edit]

After continuing boundary disputes with the hillfort of Lato,[4] the citizens of Olous eventually entered into a treaty with those of Lato.[5] There was a temple to Britomartis in the city, a wooden statue of whom was erected by Daedalus, the mythical ancestor of the Daedalidae, and father of Cretan art.[6] Her effigy is represented on the coins of Olous.[7]

Present conditions[edit]

Archaeologists discovered ancient texts within the ruins linking the town with the ancient cities of Knossos and the island of Rhodes.[8] The sunken city can be visited by tourists swimming in Elounda Bay. Today, the only visible remnants of the city are some scattered wall bases.

Line notes[edit]

  1. ^ Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax p. 19, Xenion, ap. Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. s.v.
  2. ^ Ptolemy. The Geography. 3.17.5.
  3. ^ a b Stadiasmus Maris Magni § 350.
  4. ^ C.Michael Hogan, Lato Fieldnotes, The Modern Antiquarian, Jan 10, 2008
  5. ^ Dittenberger, Syll.³, No. 712 - English translation.
  6. ^ Pausan. ix. 40. § 3.
  7. ^ Eckhel, vol. ii. p. 316; Théodore Edme Mionnet, Descr. vol. ii. p. 289; Combe, Mus. Hunter.
  8. ^ SEG_23.547 - treaty between Rhodes and Olous.

References[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Olus". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.

Coordinates: 35°15′28″N 25°44′20″E / 35.257679°N 25.738816°E / 35.257679; 25.738816