Only Connect

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Only Connect
Only Connect title.png
Genre Game show
Presented by Victoria Coren Mitchell
Country of origin United Kingdom
Original language(s) English
No. of series 13
No. of episodes 245 (as 2 September 2017) (inc. 23 specials)
Running time 30 minutes
Production company(s) Presentable (2008–13)
RDF Television and Parasol (2013–)
Distributor Zodiak Media
Original network BBC Four (2008–14)
BBC Two (2014–)
Picture format 16:9
Original release 15 September 2008 (2008-09-15) – present

Only Connect is a British game show presented by Victoria Coren Mitchell. It aired on BBC Four from 15 September 2008 to 7 July 2014 and then moved to BBC Two from 1 September 2014. In the series, teams compete in a tournament of finding connections between seemingly unrelated clues.


The phrase "Only connect" was originally used in E. M. Forster's 1910 novel Howards End. It was spoken by the character Margaret Schlegel, and occurs in chapter 22:

Only connect! That was the whole of her sermon. Only connect the prose and the passion, and both will be exalted, and human love will be seen at its height. Live in fragments no longer. Only connect, and the beast and the monk, robbed of the isolation that is life to either, will die.

The quote was the basis of an unanswered question in the grand final of series nine – the beast, the monk, the prose, the passion, to which the answer was Only Connect.


M17 M17
Question labels
in hieroglyphs

Each programme has two teams of three people competing in four rounds of gameplay. In the first three series, clues in Rounds 1 and 2 and the connecting walls in Round 3 were identified by Greek letters. In series 4 Coren Mitchell announced that this idea had been dropped, ostensibly due to viewer complaints that it was too pretentious, and that henceforth Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs (two reeds, lion, twisted flax, horned viper, water and the eye of Horus) would be used instead. The show's opening sequence displayed Greek letters in the first episode of Series 4, but were replaced with the hieroglyphs in subsequent episodes.

In series 7 the "knockout" format was modified to a double-elimination tournament with the exception of the single-elimination final round, in a rule change that Coren Mitchell said that even she did not fully understand. This reduced the number of competing teams from 16 to 8, and the episodes from 16 to 13, compared with the previous series except Series 2. The number of competing teams was restored to 16 with Series 10, expanding the series to a total of 27 episodes. In Series 12, the number of competing teams was expanded to 24; this expanded the series to a total of 37 episodes, the same as University Challenge, its fellow quiz show on BBC Two.

The current tournament format still has 24 teams, with the twelve first round winners qualifying for the second round, where they play each other to reach the third round. The six second-round losers then join the two highest-scoring first-round losers in a two-round play-off round, with the two winners going through to the third round. Thereafter, the remaining eight teams must win twice to reach the semi-finals or lose twice to be eliminated.

Round 1: Connections[edit]

Teams are given up to four clues and must try to figure out the connection between them within 40 seconds. The team is initially shown one clue, and may request the remaining three clues at any time within the 40 seconds (they are not automatically shown). The team may press their buzzer to guess after the first clue for 5 points, the second for 3, the third for 2, or the fourth for 1. If the team guesses incorrectly, or fails to buzz within the time allotted, the question is posed to the other team for a bonus point, after being shown any remaining clues. Typically, one of the six puzzles involves pictures, and another uses pieces of music, both classical and contemporary. Music questions are generally considered among the toughest questions in the quiz, and a team's dismay upon realising they have chosen the music question is a frequent source of humour on the programme.

The image shows four boxes arranged in a horizontal line, containing sequential clues of "A hammer and feather", "Six US flags", "Eugene Shoemaker's ashes" and "Two golf balls".
Example Puzzle for Round 1. To earn points on this puzzle, teams would have to provide the answer "Items left on the Moon" (or a variant thereof).

Round 2: Sequences[edit]

Each set of clues is now a sequence, and teams must try to figure out the fourth item in the sequence (therefore, the team will only be able to see three clues), again as early as possible. They must give the final item in the sequence, and score points even if their theory for the connection is incorrect. As in the previous round, each team will play three sets; again, if one team fails to guess, it is thrown over to the other team, who can see any remaining clues and earn one point by guessing correctly. As in Round 1, one of the sets of clues involves pictures. Starting from the quarterfinals of Series 10, there is occasionally a sequence made by three music clips, and the contestants must supply the title of the fourth unplayed music clip.

For example, sequential clues of "5 C in a N", "2 N in a D" and "2 1/2 D in a Q" would be answered correctly with "4 Q in a D" (the explanation being abbreviations of US coin values, five cents in a nickel, etc. Note that the half-dollar coin is not in wide circulation.)

Round 3: Connecting Wall[edit]

An example "Connecting Wall" puzzle. The answer requires dividing the items into "Terms for zero", "Poker terms", "Flying ___" and "Things made of rubber".

Each team receives a wall of 16 clues and must figure out a perfect solution, consisting of four groups of four connected items. The puzzles are designed to suggest more connections than actually exist, and some clues appear to fit into more than one category. Teams score 1 point for each group found within 2 minutes 30 seconds. They try to create one group at a time, and may make unlimited guesses on the first two groups. Once two groups have been identified, they only have three chances to identify the remaining two groups.

Should the team fail to complete the wall, the missing groupings are shown. Teams can then earn 1 point per group for identifying the connection, regardless of whether they correctly identified the grouping. A team that identifies all four groups and all four connections earns a 2-point bonus, for a total of 10 points. Unlike the previous two rounds, teams have no opportunity to score on their opponents' wall.

On 1 March 2010, an interactive online version of this round was put on the Only Connect website.[1] Since mid-2011, coinciding with series 5, the website took online submissions for new Connecting Walls, although a successful submission does not guarantee publication on the site.[citation needed] The online game was discontinued for series 10.

Round 4: Missing Vowels[edit]

In a final buzzer round, the teams are presented with a series of word puzzles. The category of the puzzles is given prior to them being displayed, and each category contains a maximum of four puzzles. Each puzzle is a word or phrase with the vowels removed and the spaces shifted to disguise the original words. For example, in a category of "Booker Prize-winning novels", a puzzle of "VR NNGDLT TL" would be correctly answered as "Vernon God Little".

Teams answer simultaneously using buzzers, and score 1 point for each puzzle they solve. Initially there was no penalty for guessing incorrectly on this round, but starting with the quarter-finals in Series 1, teams have faced a penalty of 1 point for each incorrect answer. Additionally, if the team that buzzes provides an incorrect answer (even by a single letter) or fails to answer quickly, the opposing team is given an opportunity to answer for a bonus point.

The round lasts for between 90 seconds and three minutes, and usually features three complete categories. The team with the most points at the end of the game is the winner. If teams are tied, then a single sudden-death puzzle is given to the captains of each team. If a captain buzzes in first and gives the correct answer then their team wins, but an incorrect answer automatically forfeits the game. Although no category is officially given they make reference to their own role as sudden-death questions. Examples are "So Long and Thanks for All the Fish", "To the Victor, the Spoils" and "Winner Stays On".


  • Series 1: Crossworders (Mark Grant, David Stainer, Ian Bayley)
  • Series 2: Rugby Boys (Richard Parnell, Gary Dermody, Mark Labbett)
  • Series 3: Gamblers (Jenny Ryan, Dave Bill, Alan Gibbs)
  • Series 4: Epicureans (David Brewis, Katie Bramall-Stainer, Aaron Bell)
  • Series 5: Analysts (Paul Steeples, David Lea, William De Ath)
  • Series 6: Scribes (Holly Pattenden, Dom Tait, Gareth Price)
  • Series 7: Francophiles (Ian Clark, Mark Walton, Sam Goodyear)
  • Series 8: Board Gamers (Hywel Carver, Jamie Karran, Michael Wallace)
  • Series 9: Europhiles (Douglas Thomson, Mark Seager, Khuram Rashid)
  • Series 10: Orienteers (Paul Beecher, Sean Blanchflower, Simon Spiro)
  • Series 11: String Section (Tessa North, Richard Aubrey, Pete Sorel Cameron)
  • Series 12: Verbivores (Phyl Styles, Graeme Cole, Tom Cappleman)



Series Start date End date Episodes Tournament Format
1 15 September 2008[2] 22 December 2008[3] 15[3] 16-team single-elimination tournament
2 13 July 2009[4] 31 August 2009[5] 8[5] 8-team single-elimination with third-place match
3 4 January 2010[6] 12 April 2010[7] 15[7] 16-team single elimination
4 6 September 2010[8] 27 December 2010[9] 16[9] 16-team single-elimination with third-place match
5 15 August 2011[10] 5 December 2011[11] 16[11] 16-team single-elimination with third-place match
6 27 August 2012[12] 17 December 2012[13] 16[13] 16-team single-elimination with third-place match
7 13 May 2013[14] 5 August 2013[15] 13[15] 8-team modified double-elimination tournament
8 23 September 2013[16] 23 December 2013[17] 13[17] 8-team modified double-elimination
9 14 April 2014[18] 7 July 2014[19] 13[19] 8-team modified double-elimination
10 1 September 2014[20] 30 March 2015[21] 27[21] 16-team modified double-elimination
11 13 July 2015[22] 18 January 2016[23] 27[23] 16-team modified double-elimination
12 11 July 2016[24] 7 April 2017[25] 37[25] 24-team knockout based on University Challenge
13 28 July 2017[26] 2018 37[26] 24-team knockout based on University Challenge


Ratings sourced from BARB.[27]


  1. ^ "Play Only Connect". BBC Four. Retrieved 8 December 2011. 
  2. ^ "Only Connect – Series 1, Episode 1". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "Only Connect – Series 1, Episode 13". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  4. ^ "Only Connect – Series 2, Episode 1 (Cambridge Quiz Society v Oxford Librarians)". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Only Connect – Series 2, Episode 8 (Cambridge Quiz Society v Rugby Boys – The Final)". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "Only Connect – Series 3, Episode 1 (Archers Admirers v Music Lovers)". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Only Connect – Series 3, Episode 15 (Gamblers v Strategists)". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  8. ^ "Only Connect – Series 4, Episode 1 (Epicureans vs Courtiers)". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "Only Connect – Series 4, Episode 16 (Epicureans vs Radio Addicts)". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  10. ^ "Only Connect – Series 5, Episode 1 (Social Networkers vs Vegetarians)". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  11. ^ a b "Only Connect – Series 5, Episode 16 (Analysts vs Antiquarians)". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  12. ^ "Only Connect – Series 6, Episode 1 (Joinees v Draughtsmen)". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  13. ^ a b "Only Connect – Series 6, Episode 16 (Scribes vs Draughtsmen)". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  14. ^ "Only Connect – Series 7, Episode 1 (Corpuscles v Cat Lovers)". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "Only Connect – Series 7, Episode 13 (Francophiles v Celts)". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  16. ^ "Only Connect – Series 8, Episode 1 (Lasletts v Pilots)". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  17. ^ a b "Only Connect – Series 8, Episode 13 (Board Gamers v Bakers)". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  18. ^ "Only Connect – Series 9, Episode 1 (Heath Family v Exhibitionists)". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  19. ^ a b "Only Connect – Series 9, Episode 13". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  20. ^ "Only Connect – Series 10, Episode 1 (Politicos v Felinophiles)". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  21. ^ a b "Only Connect – Series 10, Episode 27". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  22. ^ "Only Connect – Series 11, Episode 1 (Cluesmiths v Operational Researchers)". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  23. ^ a b "Only Connect – Series 11, Episode 27". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  24. ^ "Only Connect – Series 12, Episode 1 (Tubers v Bardophiles)". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  25. ^ a b "Only Connect – Series 12, Episode 37". BBC Online. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  26. ^ a b "Only Connect – Series 13, Episode 1 (Stewards v Parishioners)". Radio Times. Retrieved 16 July 2017. 
  27. ^

External links[edit]