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Othman Bin Wok
عثمان بن ووك
|Minister for Social Affairs|
October 1963 – June 1977
|Prime Minister||Lee Kuan Yew|
|Member of Parliament|
for Pasir Panjang SMC
October 1963 – June 1977
|Born||8 October 1924|
Colony of Singapore
|Died||17 April 2017 (aged 92)|
Singapore General Hospital, Singapore
|Political party||People's Action Party (1954-1977)|
|Alma mater||Raffles Institution|
Othman bin Wok, DUNU (Second Class), (Jawi: عثمان بن ووك; October 1924 – 17 April 2017), often known as Othman Wok, was a Singaporean politician. He was a minister in the Cabinet for 14 years. He was the Minister of Social Affairs from October 1963 to June 1977. After retiring from active politics, he was Singapore's ambassador to Indonesia and served on the boards of the Singapore Tourism Board and Sentosa Development Corporation. For his political, economic and social contributions to the nation building of Singapore, he was awarded the Order of Nila Utama (2nd Class) in 1983 by President Devan Nair.
- 1 Background and Education
- 2 Early career
- 3 Political career
- 4 Retirement from Politics
- 5 Personal life
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Background and Education
Othman Wok was born on 8 October 1924 in the then British colony of Singapore, to a family of Orang Laut origins. His father, Wok Ahmad, had been a school teacher and principal. During the Japanese Occupation of Singapore in the Second World War from 1942-1945, Wok Ahmad enrolled Othman in a Japanese school in the belief that doing so would prevent Othman from being conscripted into the Japanese Imperial Army. As a result, Othman would come to learn the Japanese Language. Following the end of the Japanese Occupation, Othman would go on to continue his education in Sekolah Melayu Telok Saga before proceeding to Raffles Institution for his secondary education.
Othman’s grandfather, a religious teacher, objected to Wok Ahmad’s decision to send Othman to Radin Mas and later Raffles Institution, both of which are English schools. He was afraid that Othman would waver in his religious beliefs in the course of his English-language education, converting him to Christianity. However, not only did Othman stay faithful to his religion, he became an important bridge between the Malay/Muslim community and the new People's Action Party Government from the 1950s. This affirmed Wok Ahmad’s beliefs that an English-language and mainstream education is essential for a brighter future ahead.
Othman, on the other hand, did not hold the same worries as his grandfather. He sent one of his daughters to a Catholic school, CHIJ Katong Convent. His daughter received religious education outside school hours, and remains a Muslim today.
Othman joined the local Utusan Melayu Malay-language newspaper as a clerk after finishing his education, and was offered a reporter position in 1946 by Yusof Ishak (founder of the newspaper who would also go on to become Singapore’s first president). In 1950, Othman pursued a Diploma in Journalism in London on a Colonial Development Scholarship, and returned to Utusan Melayu with a promotion to news editor in 1951.
Upon his return, Othman was also elected as Honorary Secretary of the Singapore Printing Employees Union (SPEU), which sought to secure better wages and working conditions for its members. This was a significant period in Othman’s early years as it marked the time when he would become acquainted with Lee Kuan Yew, who had been the legal adviser to Utusan Melayu as well as SPEU. This would mark the beginning of a long and enduring friendship between the two.
He would stay in his role of news editor for 6 more years until his promotion to deputy editor of the newspaper in 1957.
Member of the People's Action Party (PAP)
Days after the formation of the PAP in 1954, Othman joined the political party as his ideology of a national policy of multi-racialism was aligned with what the PAP sought to achieve. He took on the role of producing the party’s Petir publication, and was a member of the bulletin’s editorial board. In 1959, he was asked by the then legislative assembly member Ahmad Ibrahim to be the elected chairman of the PAP Geylang Serai/Tampines branch.
Minister for Social Affairs
Othman became Singapore’s first Minister for Social Affairs after his successful election in the General Elections of 1963, and was at that time the only Malay member in the Cabinet. Othman. He also held the concurrent role of Director of the Malay Affairs Bureau, and has been credited with implementing policies that continue to impact the Malay community today. Under his tenure, he oversaw the setting up of Singapore’s Pilgrimage Office, which was Singapore’s first formal system of registration for hajj activities. The system remains today, and continues to be built upon the foundations set in place by him then.
The Singapore Pilgrimage Office would eventually evolve the Majlis Ugama Islam Singapura (MUIS) entity, which continue to regulate and oversee hajj-related as well as other Muslim affairs.
The Ministry for Social Affairs would also go on to implement the Administration of Muslim Law Act (AMLA) and Mosque Building Fund (MBF) under his leadership.
Allegations of being a "Malay Traitor"
Othman was branded a "Malay Traitor" for joining the PAP by the Malay Community, who were at the time being incited by the Kuala Lumpur-based United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) to fight for Malay racial favoritism. As a result, Othman lost in the 1959 elections when he was contesting as a PAP candidate for the electoral ward of Kampong Kembangan.
He would go on to contest once more in the 1963 General Elections, when he would then succeed and become the elected representative of the Pasir Panjang Constituency. Following his successful election, Othman would go on to leave his job at the Utusan Melayu to focus on developing his political career full-time.
On 7 August 1965, the Parliament of Malaysia successful voted for the expulsion of Singapore from Malaysia. On 9 August, Othman Wok, along with 8 other Singapore ministers, signed the document of separation. On this day, Othman Wok highlighted his concern regarding the communists to Lee Kuan Yew, and only upon assurance did he put pen to paper.
Involvement in National Sports Development
Othman was also known for his active involvement in the development of sports and recreation in Singapore. He was also once a famous tennis player, ranked number 28 in the world. Othman was responsible for setting up a Sports Department within the purview of the Ministry of Social Affairs in 1966, and officiated the groundbreaking ceremony of the first National Stadium.
Retirement from Politics
Having served 14 years as Minister for Social Affairs, Othman was appointed to serve as Singapore’s ambassador to Indonesia in 1977. His term would last three and a half years. He served as Member of Legislative Assembly (193-1965) and Member of Parliament from 1963 to 1980) for the Pasir Panjang Constituency retiring on 5 December 1980 when parliament dissolved on the same day for the 23 December 1980 general election.
Post political career
Othman Wok continued to be active and served in the Presidential Council of Minority Rights as a permanent member. He was also appointed as a member of several companies' board of directors.
|Year/Term ||Appointment and Organisation |
|1981||Permanent Member, Presidential Council of Minority Rights.|
|1981–1994||Board Member, Singapore Tourist Promotion.|
|1981–1987||Board Member, Sentosa Development Corporation.|
|1981||Director, Overseas Investment Pte Ltd.|
|1982||Director, Overseas Investment Nominees Pte Ltd.|
|1983||Director, Bioheath International (S) Pte Ltd.|
|1987||Director, Autologous Blood Bank (S) Pte Ltd.|
|1988||Director, Utusan Melayu (S) Pte Ltd.|
|1989||Director of Sembawang Holdings.|
|1992||Director, Gainall Pte Ltd.|
|1993||Director, C. Thru Pte Ltd.|
|1994||Director, Property Services International.|
|1995||Director, Hale medical Clinic (Concourse) Pte Ltd.|
|1996||Director, Mindsets Pte Ltd.|
|1996||Director, Bright Steel Pte Ltd.|
|1996||Chairman, Lion Asiapac Ltd.|
Othman Wok grew up in a humble family. In the first four years of his life, Othman lived with his Uncle, together with his grandparents and parents, in a kampong area dominated by Malays. He recounted that as a boy, different races lived together harmoniously, and he would have Chinese and Indian playmates whom he conversed with in Malay.
In his mid-twenties, Othman Wok went to London to receive further education in a polytechnic.
Othman is married with four children. His hobbies include reading and writing ghost stories, one of his books being Malayan Horror: Macabre Tales of Singapore and Malaysia in the 50s, a compilation of stories written by him. Othman has also penned a biography titled: " Never in my Wildest Dreams", as a memoir of his life experiences.
Othman completed military service (called National Service in Singapore) with the People's Defence Force in 1980, holding the rank of major. He also retired from politics in the same year. He has held the post of Director of various corporate companies and was also a board member of Sentosa Development Corporation.
- "PRESIDENTIAL COUNCIL FOR MINORITY RIGHTS". Singapore Government. Ministry of Communications and Information, Singapore Government. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- Historical Dictionary of Singapore. Justin Corfield. 2010. p. 2000. ISBN 0810873877.
- Cheong, Suk-Wai (17 April 2017). "Remembering Othman Wok: A champion of multi-culturalism". Straits Times. Retrieved 18 April 2017.
- Omar, Marsita; Saparudin, Kartini. "Othman Wok". Singapore Infopedia. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- "The story of Singapore's race relation as seen through the eyes of Othman Wok".
- "Remembering Lee Kuan Yew: Trusted friend and political comrade". Straits Times. 24 March 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2015.
- Chiang, Hai Ding. "From history with love". People's Action Party. Retrieved 4 April 2015.
- "Mr Inche Haji Othman Wok". d’Oz International Pte Ltd. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
- "Old Guard pay their last respects". Today. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
- "List of Old Guard at Special Parliamentary Sitting, 26 Mar 2015" (PDF). Remembering Lee Kuan Yew. Singapore Ministry of Communications and Information. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 29 March 2015.
- "Othman Wok, member of independent Singapore's first Cabinet, dies aged 92". the Straits Times. 17 April 2017.
- Othman Wok on ourstory.asia1.com.sg