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A pakudos symbol

A pakudos is a visual motif used by the Mangyan people of Mindoro in the Philippines. Pakudos are characterized by symmetrical, aesthetic, and orderly utilization of lines and space with equal utilization of vertical and horizontal composition.[1] The word pakudos was coined from cruz, the Spanish word for cross. The pakudos motif is a common element in Mangyan embroidery and crafts.[2]


  1. ^ "The Culture and Art of the Mangyan: Philippine Art, Culture and Antiquities". Retrieved 2013-09-26. 
  2. ^ CCP encyclopedia of Philippine art. Manila: Cultural Center of the Philippines. 1994.