Palpimanoidea

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Palpimanoids
Sarascelis chaperi male.jpg
Male Sarascelis chaperi (Palpimanidae)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Clade: Entelegynae
Superfamily: Palpimanoidea
Families

See text.

Palpimanoidea or palpimanoids are a group of araneomorph spiders, originally treated as a superfamily. As with many such groups, its circumscription has varied. As of October 2015, the following five families were included:[1][2]

In 1984, Raymond R. Forster and Norman I. Platnick proposed that some groups previously considered araneoid actually belonged in the distantly related Palpimanoidea, including the families Holarchaeidae, Micropholcommatidae, Mimetidae and Pararchaeidae. Subsequent phylogenetic studies have rejected this proposal, firmly placing them in Araneoidea.[2]

The Palpimanoidea (together with the Dionycha) are the only spider group with no cribellate members.[citation needed]

Phylogeny[edit]

A 2012 phylogenetic analysis, based on both molecular and morphological data, suggested the following relationship between the families comprising the Palpimanoidea, although only one species each was included for three of the families:[1]

Palpimanoidea

Mecysmaucheniidae





Palpimanidae (Palpimanus sp.)



Huttoniidae (Huttonia sp.)





Stenochilidae (Colopea sp.)



Archaeidae





References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Wood, Hannah Marie; Griswold, Charles E. & Gillespie, Rosemary G. (2012), "Phylogenetic placement of pelican spiders (Archaeidae, Araneae), with insight into evolution of the "neck" and predatory behaviours of the superfamily Palpimanoidea", Cladistics, 28 (6): 598–626, doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2012.00411.x, retrieved 2015-09-24 
  2. ^ a b Hormiga, Gustavo & Griswold, Charles E. (2014), "Systematics, Phylogeny, and Evolution of Orb-Weaving Spiders", Annual Review of Entomology, 59 (1): 487–512, PMID 24160416, doi:10.1146/annurev-ento-011613-162046