Holarchaea

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Holarchaea
Holarchaea.jpg
Holarchaea species from New Zealand, possibly Holarchaea novaeseelandiae
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Infraorder: Araneomorphae
Family: Holarchaeidae
Genus: Holarchaea
Forster, 1955[1]
Genera

see text

Diversity
1 genus, 2 species
Distribution.holarchaeidae.1.png

Holarchaea is a spider genus with only two described species as of September 2016,[1] although there may be undescribed species from New Zealand.[2] It is the only genus in the family Holarchaeidae.[3]

They are only up to 1.5 mm in size and shiny black to beige in color.[2] Together with the Uloboridae and possibly the Mesothelae, they are one of three taxa of spiders known to lack venom glands.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Holarchaeid spiders are known only from the forests of Tasmania and New Zealand, where they live in microhabitats with consistently high humidity.[2]

Species[edit]

Holarchaea Forster, 1955

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Gen. Holarchaea Forster, 1984". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 2016-09-23. 
  2. ^ a b c Rix, Michael G. Holarchaeid Spiders. Australian Arachnological Society. Retrieved 2016-09-23. 
  3. ^ "Family: Holarchaeidae Forster & Platnick, 1984". World Spider Catalog. Natural History Museum Bern. Retrieved 2016-09-23. 
  • Forster, R. R. & N. I. Platnick (1984). A review of the archaeid spiders and their relatives, with notes on the limits of the superfamily Palpimanoidea (Arachnida, Araneae). Bull. Am. Mus. nat. Hist. 178:1-106. Abstract - PDF (60Mb)
  • Meier J. & White J. (eds) (1995). Handbook of Clinical Toxicology of Animal Venoms and Poisons. Boca Raton: CRC Press.