Pangyo, Seongnam

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Pangyo (판교, 板橋) refers to a planned city surrounding Pangyo-dong, Baekhyeon-dong, Unjung-dong, and Sampyeong-dong of Bundang-gu and Siheung-dong and Sasong-dong of Sujeong-gu (Seongnam city).

The area is surrounded by Mt. Cheonggyesan and Geumtosan to the North and Mt. Barasan to the south, with Unjungcheon and Geumtocheon, tributaries of Tancheon, flowing through the center of the city.

This area is 9,307,000㎡(2,815,000 pyeong) and can hold up to 80,412 people with 29,350 families.

Gyeongbu Expressway separates the town into two unofficial regions: Seopangyo (literally, West Pangyo) and Dongpangyo (literally, East Pangyo).

Origin[edit]

Pangyo's Avenue France shopping plaza.

The origin of the name of Pangyo (Board Footbridge) was 'Neodeori' or 'Neoldari', meaning a footbridge made of planks of wood over the Unjungcheon (Cloud Staying Brook) originating from the west and running toward the east in the front of Pangyo, written in Chinese characters. According to the record from Sinjeung Dongguk yeoji seungnam (A Korean Geography published in Joseon Dynasty) in 1530, Pangyo-won, Yeokwon-gun, Gwangju-mok are recorded to be45-ri away to the south of the state. Therefore, it can be assumed that the use of the place name Pangyo traces back to the early Joseon Dynasty.

It has been said that the place name of Naksaeng (Pleasant Life) from Naksaeng-myun was originated from either Nakseong from the Nakseong Market or Nakseong (Defeated Castle) in that the king surrendered hearing the news of Sea-gyu Jeong, a soldier in Chungju, who was marching north to protect Namhansanseong Fortress but defeated at Pangyo. However, in the description of Gwangju-mok in Sinjeung Dongguk yeoji seungnam, there is a comment of the governor of Gwangju-mok Hwa-boo Paek, who arrived at the Naksaeng station on the way of going home in April, 1349 in the travel account by Gok Yi during the reign of King Chungjeong. Therefore, the place name Naksaeng should have been originated from Koryo Dynasty.[1]

Background[edit]

Pangyo was approved for development in 2001 to alleviate the excessive demand for apartments in Gangnam and central Bundang. The town was developed into an eco-friendly city with the lowest population density among newly developed cities. Pangyo was designed with large green spaces and parks along its streams. Waste facilities, energy plants, and sewage treatment facilities in the community were built to maximize energy efficiency with the use of green technology.

Pangyo was issued by real estate speculation and apart application in the beginning. Also, it carryed over that government of seongnam city declared moratorium for the first time.[2]

World class medical centers with the latest technologies such as Seoul National University Hospital, Samsung Medical Center, and Hyundai Asan Medical Center are located near Pangyo.

Construction of the town began in December 2003, and phase 1 and phase 2 was completed on December 2009 and December 2010, respectively. However, construction projects such as Pangyo Techno Valley and the Alpha Dome city are still in progress.

Transportation[edit]

Gyeongbu Expressway, Seoul Ring Expressway, and Yongin-Seoul Expressway pass through Pangyo. These three expressways are accessible through Pangyo IC (Gyeongbu Expressway) and Seopangyo IC (Yongin-Seoul Expressway), and Gyeongbu Expressway and Seoul Ring Expressway intersect at Pangyo JCT, located nearby. Bundang-Naegok City Expressway and Bundang-Suseo City Expressway, which connect the sururbs Bundang and Yongin to Southern Seoul, pass through Dongpangyo.

Pangyo Station of Shinbundang Line opened service to public on October 28, 2011. This subway line enables travel to Gangnam within 15 minutes. In 2016, Pangyo is expected to become the terminal station for Gyeonggang Line. The Seongnam-Yeoju Line is one of the three sections of the main-line railway that is to connect the city of Seongnam and Mungyeong upon its expected completion in 2016.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

Since Pangyo lies under the jurisdiction of Seongnam city, the High School Equalization Policy, (고교평준화제도), takes in place.

Korea International School and Seongnam Foreign Language High school (성남외국어고등학교) are also located in Baekhyeon-dong, part of Pangyo.

Pangyo has 19 schools, including: 8 primary schools, 6 middle schools, and 6 high schools.[3]

Pangyo library Pangyo also has a library. It is located in Pangyo-dong 533. Call number 031-729-4900. Open 09:00~18:00 on weekdays.

Economy[edit]

Pangyo Techno Valley, Academy of Korean Studies, Korea Food Research Institute, Korea Petroleum Management Institute, and Daehan Oil Pipeline Corporation are located in Pangyo. In the Techno Valley, IT companies such as Kakao, NHN, Nexon, Ahnlab and SK Planet have their headquarters.

Culture[edit]

Pangyo Museum[edit]

The Pangyo Museum opened April, 2013, featuring various monuments related to the creation of Pangyo. [4]

Avenue France[edit]

Avenue France is a shopping plaza in Pangyo known for its cafes and restaurants.[5]

Pangyo Hyundai Department Store[edit]

The Hyundai Department Store Pangyo location is the largest luxury department store in the Seoul Capital Area, which opened in 21 August 2015. This department store features the largest food court in Korea. [6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://pg.snlib.net/section/english/index.asp
  2. ^ Choi, Yoon yung (2010-07-15). "성남시 모라토리엄 선언 / Government of Seongnam city declared moratorium.". 
  3. ^ http://pg.snlib.net/section/english/index.asp
  4. ^ http://www.pangyomuseum.go.kr/design/index.asp.  Missing or empty |title= (help);
  5. ^ http://www.avenuefrance.co.kr/new/main.asp.  Missing or empty |title= (help);
  6. ^ Lee, Hyun-taek (2015-08-08). "Hyundai preps largest luxury store yet". Korea JoongAng Daily. Retrieved 2016-05-01. 

External links[edit]